aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/qobject.h
blob: 80c85bad292ea8b904147be4d231b707f7985718 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
/*
 * QEMU Object Model.
 *
 * Based on ideas by Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat Inc.
 *
 * Authors:
 *  Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com>
 *
 * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.  See
 * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
 *
 * QObject Reference Counts Terminology
 * ------------------------------------
 *
 *  - Returning references: A function that returns an object may
 *  return it as either a weak or a strong reference.  If the reference
 *  is strong, you are responsible for calling QDECREF() on the reference
 *  when you are done.
 *
 *  If the reference is weak, the owner of the reference may free it at
 *  any time in the future.  Before storing the reference anywhere, you
 *  should call QINCREF() to make the reference strong.
 *
 *  - Transferring ownership: when you transfer ownership of a reference
 *  by calling a function, you are no longer responsible for calling
 *  QDECREF() when the reference is no longer needed.  In other words,
 *  when the function returns you must behave as if the reference to the
 *  passed object was weak.
 */
#ifndef QOBJECT_H
#define QOBJECT_H

#include <stddef.h>
#include <assert.h>

typedef enum {
    QTYPE_NONE,
} qtype_code;

struct QObject;

typedef struct QType {
    qtype_code code;
    void (*destroy)(struct QObject *);
} QType;

typedef struct QObject {
    const QType *type;
    size_t refcnt;
} QObject;

/* Objects definitions must include this */
#define QObject_HEAD  \
    QObject base

/* Get the 'base' part of an object */
#define QOBJECT(obj) (&obj->base)

/* High-level interface for qobject_incref() */
#define QINCREF(obj)      \
    assert(obj != NULL);  \
    qobject_incref(QOBJECT(obj))

/* High-level interface for qobject_decref() */
#define QDECREF(obj)              \
    assert(obj != NULL);          \
    qobject_decref(QOBJECT(obj))

/* Initialize an object to default values */
#define QOBJECT_INIT(obj, qtype_type)   \
    obj->base.refcnt = 1;               \
    obj->base.type   = qtype_type

/**
 * qobject_incref(): Increment QObject's reference count
 */
static inline void qobject_incref(QObject *obj)
{
    obj->refcnt++;
}

/**
 * qobject_decref(): Decrement QObject's reference count, deallocate
 * when it reaches zero
 */
static inline void qobject_decref(QObject *obj)
{
    if (--obj->refcnt == 0) {
        assert(obj->type != NULL);
        assert(obj->type->destroy != NULL);
        obj->type->destroy(obj);
    }
}

/**
 * qobject_type(): Return the QObject's type
 */
static inline qtype_code qobject_type(const QObject *obj)
{
    assert(obj->type != NULL);
    return obj->type->code;
}

#endif /* QOBJECT_H */