aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/block.h
blob: ec0a6c84680c248383d790006623114b2e981141 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
#ifndef BLOCK_H
#define BLOCK_H

#include "qemu-aio.h"
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu-option.h"
#include "qemu-coroutine.h"
#include "qobject.h"

/* block.c */
typedef struct BlockDriver BlockDriver;

typedef struct BlockDriverInfo {
    /* in bytes, 0 if irrelevant */
    int cluster_size;
    /* offset at which the VM state can be saved (0 if not possible) */
    int64_t vm_state_offset;
} BlockDriverInfo;

typedef struct QEMUSnapshotInfo {
    char id_str[128]; /* unique snapshot id */
    /* the following fields are informative. They are not needed for
       the consistency of the snapshot */
    char name[256]; /* user chosen name */
    uint64_t vm_state_size; /* VM state info size */
    uint32_t date_sec; /* UTC date of the snapshot */
    uint32_t date_nsec;
    uint64_t vm_clock_nsec; /* VM clock relative to boot */
} QEMUSnapshotInfo;

/* Callbacks for block device models */
typedef struct BlockDevOps {
    /*
     * Runs when virtual media changed (monitor commands eject, change)
     * Argument load is true on load and false on eject.
     * Beware: doesn't run when a host device's physical media
     * changes.  Sure would be useful if it did.
     * Device models with removable media must implement this callback.
     */
    void (*change_media_cb)(void *opaque, bool load);
    /*
     * Runs when an eject request is issued from the monitor, the tray
     * is closed, and the medium is locked.
     * Device models that do not implement is_medium_locked will not need
     * this callback.  Device models that can lock the medium or tray might
     * want to implement the callback and unlock the tray when "force" is
     * true, even if they do not support eject requests.
     */
    void (*eject_request_cb)(void *opaque, bool force);
    /*
     * Is the virtual tray open?
     * Device models implement this only when the device has a tray.
     */
    bool (*is_tray_open)(void *opaque);
    /*
     * Is the virtual medium locked into the device?
     * Device models implement this only when device has such a lock.
     */
    bool (*is_medium_locked)(void *opaque);
    /*
     * Runs when the size changed (e.g. monitor command block_resize)
     */
    void (*resize_cb)(void *opaque);
} BlockDevOps;

#define BDRV_O_RDWR        0x0002
#define BDRV_O_SNAPSHOT    0x0008 /* open the file read only and save writes in a snapshot */
#define BDRV_O_NOCACHE     0x0020 /* do not use the host page cache */
#define BDRV_O_CACHE_WB    0x0040 /* use write-back caching */
#define BDRV_O_NATIVE_AIO  0x0080 /* use native AIO instead of the thread pool */
#define BDRV_O_NO_BACKING  0x0100 /* don't open the backing file */
#define BDRV_O_NO_FLUSH    0x0200 /* disable flushing on this disk */
#define BDRV_O_COPY_ON_READ 0x0400 /* copy read backing sectors into image */

#define BDRV_O_CACHE_MASK  (BDRV_O_NOCACHE | BDRV_O_CACHE_WB | BDRV_O_NO_FLUSH)

#define BDRV_SECTOR_BITS   9
#define BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE   (1ULL << BDRV_SECTOR_BITS)
#define BDRV_SECTOR_MASK   ~(BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE - 1)

typedef enum {
    BLOCK_ERR_REPORT, BLOCK_ERR_IGNORE, BLOCK_ERR_STOP_ENOSPC,
    BLOCK_ERR_STOP_ANY
} BlockErrorAction;

typedef enum {
    BDRV_ACTION_REPORT, BDRV_ACTION_IGNORE, BDRV_ACTION_STOP
} BlockQMPEventAction;

void bdrv_iostatus_enable(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_iostatus_reset(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_iostatus_disable(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_iostatus_is_enabled(const BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_iostatus_set_err(BlockDriverState *bs, int error);
void bdrv_emit_qmp_error_event(const BlockDriverState *bdrv,
                               BlockQMPEventAction action, int is_read);
void bdrv_info_print(Monitor *mon, const QObject *data);
void bdrv_info(Monitor *mon, QObject **ret_data);
void bdrv_stats_print(Monitor *mon, const QObject *data);
void bdrv_info_stats(Monitor *mon, QObject **ret_data);

/* disk I/O throttling */
void bdrv_io_limits_enable(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_io_limits_disable(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_io_limits_enabled(BlockDriverState *bs);

void bdrv_init(void);
void bdrv_init_with_whitelist(void);
BlockDriver *bdrv_find_protocol(const char *filename);
BlockDriver *bdrv_find_format(const char *format_name);
BlockDriver *bdrv_find_whitelisted_format(const char *format_name);
int bdrv_create(BlockDriver *drv, const char* filename,
    QEMUOptionParameter *options);
int bdrv_create_file(const char* filename, QEMUOptionParameter *options);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_new(const char *device_name);
void bdrv_make_anon(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_delete(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_parse_cache_flags(const char *mode, int *flags);
int bdrv_file_open(BlockDriverState **pbs, const char *filename, int flags);
int bdrv_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags,
              BlockDriver *drv);
void bdrv_close(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_attach_dev(BlockDriverState *bs, void *dev);
void bdrv_attach_dev_nofail(BlockDriverState *bs, void *dev);
void bdrv_detach_dev(BlockDriverState *bs, void *dev);
void *bdrv_get_attached_dev(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_set_dev_ops(BlockDriverState *bs, const BlockDevOps *ops,
                      void *opaque);
void bdrv_dev_eject_request(BlockDriverState *bs, bool force);
bool bdrv_dev_has_removable_media(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_dev_is_tray_open(BlockDriverState *bs);
bool bdrv_dev_is_medium_locked(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
              uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_write(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
               const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_pread(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
               void *buf, int count);
int bdrv_pwrite(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
                const void *buf, int count);
int bdrv_pwrite_sync(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
    const void *buf, int count);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_readv(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
    int nb_sectors, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_copy_on_readv(BlockDriverState *bs,
    int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_writev(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
    int nb_sectors, QEMUIOVector *qiov);
/*
 * Efficiently zero a region of the disk image.  Note that this is a regular
 * I/O request like read or write and should have a reasonable size.  This
 * function is not suitable for zeroing the entire image in a single request
 * because it may allocate memory for the entire region.
 */
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_write_zeroes(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
    int nb_sectors);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_is_allocated(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
    int nb_sectors, int *pnum);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find_backing_image(BlockDriverState *bs,
    const char *backing_file);
int bdrv_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset);
int64_t bdrv_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs);
int64_t bdrv_get_allocated_file_size(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_get_geometry(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t *nb_sectors_ptr);
void bdrv_guess_geometry(BlockDriverState *bs, int *pcyls, int *pheads, int *psecs);
int bdrv_commit(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_commit_all(void);
int bdrv_change_backing_file(BlockDriverState *bs,
    const char *backing_file, const char *backing_fmt);
void bdrv_register(BlockDriver *bdrv);


typedef struct BdrvCheckResult {
    int corruptions;
    int leaks;
    int check_errors;
} BdrvCheckResult;

int bdrv_check(BlockDriverState *bs, BdrvCheckResult *res);

/* async block I/O */
typedef struct BlockDriverAIOCB BlockDriverAIOCB;
typedef void BlockDriverCompletionFunc(void *opaque, int ret);
typedef void BlockDriverDirtyHandler(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector,
                                     int sector_num);
BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_readv(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                                 QEMUIOVector *iov, int nb_sectors,
                                 BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_writev(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                                  QEMUIOVector *iov, int nb_sectors,
                                  BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_flush(BlockDriverState *bs,
                                 BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_discard(BlockDriverState *bs,
                                   int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors,
                                   BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);
void bdrv_aio_cancel(BlockDriverAIOCB *acb);

typedef struct BlockRequest {
    /* Fields to be filled by multiwrite caller */
    int64_t sector;
    int nb_sectors;
    QEMUIOVector *qiov;
    BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb;
    void *opaque;

    /* Filled by multiwrite implementation */
    int error;
} BlockRequest;

int bdrv_aio_multiwrite(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockRequest *reqs,
    int num_reqs);

/* sg packet commands */
int bdrv_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs, unsigned long int req, void *buf);
BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs,
        unsigned long int req, void *buf,
        BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque);

/* Invalidate any cached metadata used by image formats */
void bdrv_invalidate_cache(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_invalidate_cache_all(void);

/* Ensure contents are flushed to disk.  */
int bdrv_flush(BlockDriverState *bs);
int coroutine_fn bdrv_co_flush(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_flush_all(void);
void bdrv_close_all(void);
void bdrv_drain_all(void);

int bdrv_discard(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_co_discard(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_has_zero_init(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_is_allocated(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors,
                      int *pnum);

#define BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_AUTO   0
#define BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_NONE   1
#define BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_LBA    2
#define BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_LARGE  3
#define BIOS_ATA_TRANSLATION_RECHS  4

void bdrv_set_geometry_hint(BlockDriverState *bs,
                            int cyls, int heads, int secs);
void bdrv_set_translation_hint(BlockDriverState *bs, int translation);
void bdrv_get_geometry_hint(BlockDriverState *bs,
                            int *pcyls, int *pheads, int *psecs);
typedef enum FDriveType {
    FDRIVE_DRV_144  = 0x00,   /* 1.44 MB 3"5 drive      */
    FDRIVE_DRV_288  = 0x01,   /* 2.88 MB 3"5 drive      */
    FDRIVE_DRV_120  = 0x02,   /* 1.2  MB 5"25 drive     */
    FDRIVE_DRV_NONE = 0x03,   /* No drive connected     */
} FDriveType;

void bdrv_get_floppy_geometry_hint(BlockDriverState *bs, int *nb_heads,
                                   int *max_track, int *last_sect,
                                   FDriveType drive_in, FDriveType *drive);
int bdrv_get_translation_hint(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_set_on_error(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockErrorAction on_read_error,
                       BlockErrorAction on_write_error);
BlockErrorAction bdrv_get_on_error(BlockDriverState *bs, int is_read);
int bdrv_is_read_only(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_is_sg(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_enable_write_cache(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_media_changed(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_lock_medium(BlockDriverState *bs, bool locked);
void bdrv_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, int eject_flag);
void bdrv_get_format(BlockDriverState *bs, char *buf, int buf_size);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_find(const char *name);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_next(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_iterate(void (*it)(void *opaque, BlockDriverState *bs),
                  void *opaque);
int bdrv_is_encrypted(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_key_required(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_set_key(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *key);
int bdrv_query_missing_keys(void);
void bdrv_iterate_format(void (*it)(void *opaque, const char *name),
                         void *opaque);
const char *bdrv_get_device_name(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_write_compressed(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                          const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
int bdrv_get_info(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockDriverInfo *bdi);

const char *bdrv_get_encrypted_filename(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_get_backing_filename(BlockDriverState *bs,
                               char *filename, int filename_size);
int bdrv_can_snapshot(BlockDriverState *bs);
int bdrv_is_snapshot(BlockDriverState *bs);
BlockDriverState *bdrv_snapshots(void);
int bdrv_snapshot_create(BlockDriverState *bs,
                         QEMUSnapshotInfo *sn_info);
int bdrv_snapshot_goto(BlockDriverState *bs,
                       const char *snapshot_id);
int bdrv_snapshot_delete(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *snapshot_id);
int bdrv_snapshot_list(BlockDriverState *bs,
                       QEMUSnapshotInfo **psn_info);
int bdrv_snapshot_load_tmp(BlockDriverState *bs,
                           const char *snapshot_name);
char *bdrv_snapshot_dump(char *buf, int buf_size, QEMUSnapshotInfo *sn);

char *get_human_readable_size(char *buf, int buf_size, int64_t size);
int path_is_absolute(const char *path);
void path_combine(char *dest, int dest_size,
                  const char *base_path,
                  const char *filename);

int bdrv_save_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, const uint8_t *buf,
                      int64_t pos, int size);

int bdrv_load_vmstate(BlockDriverState *bs, uint8_t *buf,
                      int64_t pos, int size);

int bdrv_img_create(const char *filename, const char *fmt,
                    const char *base_filename, const char *base_fmt,
                    char *options, uint64_t img_size, int flags);

void bdrv_set_buffer_alignment(BlockDriverState *bs, int align);
void *qemu_blockalign(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);

#define BDRV_SECTORS_PER_DIRTY_CHUNK 2048

void bdrv_set_dirty_tracking(BlockDriverState *bs, int enable);
int bdrv_get_dirty(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector);
void bdrv_reset_dirty(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t cur_sector,
                      int nr_sectors);
int64_t bdrv_get_dirty_count(BlockDriverState *bs);

void bdrv_enable_copy_on_read(BlockDriverState *bs);
void bdrv_disable_copy_on_read(BlockDriverState *bs);

void bdrv_set_in_use(BlockDriverState *bs, int in_use);
int bdrv_in_use(BlockDriverState *bs);

enum BlockAcctType {
    BDRV_ACCT_READ,
    BDRV_ACCT_WRITE,
    BDRV_ACCT_FLUSH,
    BDRV_MAX_IOTYPE,
};

typedef struct BlockAcctCookie {
    int64_t bytes;
    int64_t start_time_ns;
    enum BlockAcctType type;
} BlockAcctCookie;

void bdrv_acct_start(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockAcctCookie *cookie,
        int64_t bytes, enum BlockAcctType type);
void bdrv_acct_done(BlockDriverState *bs, BlockAcctCookie *cookie);

typedef enum {
    BLKDBG_L1_UPDATE,

    BLKDBG_L1_GROW_ALLOC_TABLE,
    BLKDBG_L1_GROW_WRITE_TABLE,
    BLKDBG_L1_GROW_ACTIVATE_TABLE,

    BLKDBG_L2_LOAD,
    BLKDBG_L2_UPDATE,
    BLKDBG_L2_UPDATE_COMPRESSED,
    BLKDBG_L2_ALLOC_COW_READ,
    BLKDBG_L2_ALLOC_WRITE,

    BLKDBG_READ,
    BLKDBG_READ_AIO,
    BLKDBG_READ_BACKING,
    BLKDBG_READ_BACKING_AIO,
    BLKDBG_READ_COMPRESSED,

    BLKDBG_WRITE_AIO,
    BLKDBG_WRITE_COMPRESSED,

    BLKDBG_VMSTATE_LOAD,
    BLKDBG_VMSTATE_SAVE,

    BLKDBG_COW_READ,
    BLKDBG_COW_WRITE,

    BLKDBG_REFTABLE_LOAD,
    BLKDBG_REFTABLE_GROW,

    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_LOAD,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_UPDATE,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_UPDATE_PART,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC_HOOKUP,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC_WRITE,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC_WRITE_BLOCKS,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC_WRITE_TABLE,
    BLKDBG_REFBLOCK_ALLOC_SWITCH_TABLE,

    BLKDBG_CLUSTER_ALLOC,
    BLKDBG_CLUSTER_ALLOC_BYTES,
    BLKDBG_CLUSTER_FREE,

    BLKDBG_EVENT_MAX,
} BlkDebugEvent;

#define BLKDBG_EVENT(bs, evt) bdrv_debug_event(bs, evt)
void bdrv_debug_event(BlockDriverState *bs, BlkDebugEvent event);


/* Convenience for block device models */

typedef struct BlockConf {
    BlockDriverState *bs;
    uint16_t physical_block_size;
    uint16_t logical_block_size;
    uint16_t min_io_size;
    uint32_t opt_io_size;
    int32_t bootindex;
    uint32_t discard_granularity;
} BlockConf;

static inline unsigned int get_physical_block_exp(BlockConf *conf)
{
    unsigned int exp = 0, size;

    for (size = conf->physical_block_size;
        size > conf->logical_block_size;
        size >>= 1) {
        exp++;
    }

    return exp;
}

#define DEFINE_BLOCK_PROPERTIES(_state, _conf)                          \
    DEFINE_PROP_DRIVE("drive", _state, _conf.bs),                       \
    DEFINE_PROP_UINT16("logical_block_size", _state,                    \
                       _conf.logical_block_size, 512),                  \
    DEFINE_PROP_UINT16("physical_block_size", _state,                   \
                       _conf.physical_block_size, 512),                 \
    DEFINE_PROP_UINT16("min_io_size", _state, _conf.min_io_size, 0),  \
    DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("opt_io_size", _state, _conf.opt_io_size, 0),    \
    DEFINE_PROP_INT32("bootindex", _state, _conf.bootindex, -1),        \
    DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("discard_granularity", _state, \
                       _conf.discard_granularity, 0)

#endif