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authorMax <msuraev@sysmocom.de>2016-12-21 18:40:39 +0100
committerMax <msuraev@sysmocom.de>2017-01-24 15:15:30 +0100
commit1f1cebb2e503c1740ee53caf9664c0d39b5fe70e (patch)
treed6e08c5ee96ee42b6bab7cde7a75dd53d59bde4f /sqlite3/sqlite3.h
parentd1b28bd766e55f50cfcd3011cd55908e8913fddb (diff)
Remove embedded sqlite3
Previous patch switches to using system-wide sqlite3 so it's safe to remove local copy now. Change-Id: Ie8e751cc62132fe1f7748ccd78c5d48469027329
Diffstat (limited to 'sqlite3/sqlite3.h')
-rw-r--r--sqlite3/sqlite3.h7055
1 files changed, 0 insertions, 7055 deletions
diff --git a/sqlite3/sqlite3.h b/sqlite3/sqlite3.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 0a1cf9d..0000000
--- a/sqlite3/sqlite3.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,7055 +0,0 @@
-/*
-** 2001 September 15
-**
-** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
-** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
-**
-** May you do good and not evil.
-** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
-** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
-**
-*************************************************************************
-** This header file defines the interface that the SQLite library
-** presents to client programs. If a C-function, structure, datatype,
-** or constant definition does not appear in this file, then it is
-** not a published API of SQLite, is subject to change without
-** notice, and should not be referenced by programs that use SQLite.
-**
-** Some of the definitions that are in this file are marked as
-** "experimental". Experimental interfaces are normally new
-** features recently added to SQLite. We do not anticipate changes
-** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
-** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
-**
-** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
-** from comments in this file. This file is the authoritative source
-** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
-**
-** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
-** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
-** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
-** part of the build process.
-*/
-#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
-#define _SQLITE3_H_
-#include <stdarg.h> /* Needed for the definition of va_list */
-
-/*
-** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
-*/
-#ifdef __cplusplus
-extern "C" {
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** Add the ability to override 'extern'
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_EXTERN
-# define SQLITE_EXTERN extern
-#endif
-
-#ifndef SQLITE_API
-# define SQLITE_API
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
-** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental. New applications
-** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
-** compatibility only. Application writers should be aware that
-** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
-**
-** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
-** would generate warning messages when they were used. But that
-** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
-** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
-** noop macros.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_DEPRECATED
-#define SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL
-
-/*
-** Ensure these symbols were not defined by some previous header file.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION
-# undef SQLITE_VERSION
-#endif
-#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
-# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Library Version Numbers
-**
-** ^(The [SQLITE_VERSION] C preprocessor macro in the sqlite3.h header
-** evaluates to a string literal that is the SQLite version in the
-** format "X.Y.Z" where X is the major version number (always 3 for
-** SQLite3) and Y is the minor version number and Z is the release number.)^
-** ^(The [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER] C preprocessor macro resolves to an integer
-** with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z are the same
-** numbers used in [SQLITE_VERSION].)^
-** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
-** be larger than the release from which it is derived. Either Y will
-** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
-** and Z will be reset to zero.
-**
-** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
-** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
-** system</a>. ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
-** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
-** within its configuration management system. ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
-** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
-** hash of the entire source tree.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
-** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
-** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
-*/
-#define SQLITE_VERSION "3.7.13"
-#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007013
-#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID "2012-06-11 02:05:22 f5b5a13f7394dc143aa136f1d4faba6839eaa6dc"
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
-**
-** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
-** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
-** but are associated with the library instead of the header file. ^(Cautious
-** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
-** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
-** the header, and thus insure that the application is
-** compiled with matching library and header files.
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
-** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
-** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
-** </pre></blockquote>)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of [SQLITE_VERSION]
-** macro. ^The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer to the
-** to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. The sqlite3_libversion()
-** function is provided for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have
-** direct access to string constants within the DLL. ^The
-** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
-** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER]. ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns
-** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
-** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN const char sqlite3_version[];
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1
-** indicating whether the specified option was defined at
-** compile time. ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the
-** option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used().
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_get() function allows iterating
-** over the list of options that were defined at compile time by
-** returning the N-th compile time option string. ^If N is out of range,
-** sqlite3_compileoption_get() returns a NULL pointer. ^The SQLITE_
-** prefix is omitted from any strings returned by
-** sqlite3_compileoption_get().
-**
-** ^Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used()
-** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the
-** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
-**
-** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
-** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if
-** SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the
-** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] compile-time option being set to 0.
-**
-** SQLite can be compiled with or without mutexes. When
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] C preprocessor macro is 1 or 2, mutexes
-** are enabled and SQLite is threadsafe. When the
-** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro is 0,
-** the mutexes are omitted. Without the mutexes, it is not safe
-** to use SQLite concurrently from more than one thread.
-**
-** Enabling mutexes incurs a measurable performance penalty.
-** So if speed is of utmost importance, it makes sense to disable
-** the mutexes. But for maximum safety, mutexes should be enabled.
-** ^The default behavior is for mutexes to be enabled.
-**
-** This interface can be used by an application to make sure that the
-** version of SQLite that it is linking against was compiled with
-** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
-**
-** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
-** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag. If SQLite is compiled with
-** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
-** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
-** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
-** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]. ^(The return value of the
-** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
-** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
-** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
-** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
-**
-** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
-** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
-**
-** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
-** the opaque structure named "sqlite3". It is useful to think of an sqlite3
-** pointer as an object. The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
-** [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces are its constructors, and [sqlite3_close()]
-** is its destructor. There are many other interfaces (such as
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_create_function()], and
-** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] to name but three) that are methods on an
-** sqlite3 object.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: 64-Bit Integer Types
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite_int64 sqlite_uint64
-**
-** Because there is no cross-platform way to specify 64-bit integer types
-** SQLite includes typedefs for 64-bit signed and unsigned integers.
-**
-** The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite3_uint64 are the preferred type definitions.
-** The sqlite_int64 and sqlite_uint64 types are supported for backwards
-** compatibility only.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
-** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive. ^The
-** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values
-** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
- typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
- typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
-#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
- typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
- typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
-#else
- typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
- typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
-#endif
-typedef sqlite_int64 sqlite3_int64;
-typedef sqlite_uint64 sqlite3_uint64;
-
-/*
-** If compiling for a processor that lacks floating point support,
-** substitute integer for floating-point.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
-# define double sqlite3_int64
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_close() routine is the destructor for the [sqlite3] object.
-** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() return SQLITE_OK if the [sqlite3] object is
-** successfully destroyed and all associated resources are deallocated.
-**
-** Applications must [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements]
-** and [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles] associated with
-** the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object. ^If
-** sqlite3_close() is called on a [database connection] that still has
-** outstanding [prepared statements] or [BLOB handles], then it returns
-** SQLITE_BUSY.
-**
-** ^If [sqlite3_close()] is invoked while a transaction is open,
-** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
-**
-** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] must be either a NULL
-** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
-** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
-** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
-** ^Calling sqlite3_close() with a NULL pointer argument is a
-** harmless no-op.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3 *);
-
-/*
-** The type for a callback function.
-** This is legacy and deprecated. It is included for historical
-** compatibility and is not documented.
-*/
-typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface
-**
-** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenience wrapper around
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()],
-** that allows an application to run multiple statements of SQL
-** without having to use a lot of C code.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_exec() interface runs zero or more UTF-8 encoded,
-** semicolon-separate SQL statements passed into its 2nd argument,
-** in the context of the [database connection] passed in as its 1st
-** argument. ^If the callback function of the 3rd argument to
-** sqlite3_exec() is not NULL, then it is invoked for each result row
-** coming out of the evaluated SQL statements. ^The 4th argument to
-** sqlite3_exec() is relayed through to the 1st argument of each
-** callback invocation. ^If the callback pointer to sqlite3_exec()
-** is NULL, then no callback is ever invoked and result rows are
-** ignored.
-**
-** ^If an error occurs while evaluating the SQL statements passed into
-** sqlite3_exec(), then execution of the current statement stops and
-** subsequent statements are skipped. ^If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec()
-** is not NULL then any error message is written into memory obtained
-** from [sqlite3_malloc()] and passed back through the 5th parameter.
-** To avoid memory leaks, the application should invoke [sqlite3_free()]
-** on error message strings returned through the 5th parameter of
-** of sqlite3_exec() after the error message string is no longer needed.
-** ^If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL and no errors
-** occur, then sqlite3_exec() sets the pointer in its 5th parameter to
-** NULL before returning.
-**
-** ^If an sqlite3_exec() callback returns non-zero, the sqlite3_exec()
-** routine returns SQLITE_ABORT without invoking the callback again and
-** without running any subsequent SQL statements.
-**
-** ^The 2nd argument to the sqlite3_exec() callback function is the
-** number of columns in the result. ^The 3rd argument to the sqlite3_exec()
-** callback is an array of pointers to strings obtained as if from
-** [sqlite3_column_text()], one for each column. ^If an element of a
-** result row is NULL then the corresponding string pointer for the
-** sqlite3_exec() callback is a NULL pointer. ^The 4th argument to the
-** sqlite3_exec() callback is an array of pointers to strings where each
-** entry represents the name of corresponding result column as obtained
-** from [sqlite3_column_name()].
-**
-** ^If the 2nd parameter to sqlite3_exec() is a NULL pointer, a pointer
-** to an empty string, or a pointer that contains only whitespace and/or
-** SQL comments, then no SQL statements are evaluated and the database
-** is not changed.
-**
-** Restrictions:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> The application must insure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
-** is a valid and open [database connection].
-** <li> The application must not close [database connection] specified by
-** the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
-** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
-** the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
-** </ul>
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
- sqlite3*, /* An open database */
- const char *sql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
- int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**), /* Callback function */
- void *, /* 1st argument to callback */
- char **errmsg /* Error msg written here */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
-**
-** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
-** here in order to indicate success or failure.
-**
-** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
-**
-** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes],
-** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | result codes].
-*/
-#define SQLITE_OK 0 /* Successful result */
-/* beginning-of-error-codes */
-#define SQLITE_ERROR 1 /* SQL error or missing database */
-#define SQLITE_INTERNAL 2 /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
-#define SQLITE_PERM 3 /* Access permission denied */
-#define SQLITE_ABORT 4 /* Callback routine requested an abort */
-#define SQLITE_BUSY 5 /* The database file is locked */
-#define SQLITE_LOCKED 6 /* A table in the database is locked */
-#define SQLITE_NOMEM 7 /* A malloc() failed */
-#define SQLITE_READONLY 8 /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
-#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT 9 /* Operation terminated by sqlite3_interrupt()*/
-#define SQLITE_IOERR 10 /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
-#define SQLITE_CORRUPT 11 /* The database disk image is malformed */
-#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND 12 /* Unknown opcode in sqlite3_file_control() */
-#define SQLITE_FULL 13 /* Insertion failed because database is full */
-#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN 14 /* Unable to open the database file */
-#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL 15 /* Database lock protocol error */
-#define SQLITE_EMPTY 16 /* Database is empty */
-#define SQLITE_SCHEMA 17 /* The database schema changed */
-#define SQLITE_TOOBIG 18 /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
-#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT 19 /* Abort due to constraint violation */
-#define SQLITE_MISMATCH 20 /* Data type mismatch */
-#define SQLITE_MISUSE 21 /* Library used incorrectly */
-#define SQLITE_NOLFS 22 /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
-#define SQLITE_AUTH 23 /* Authorization denied */
-#define SQLITE_FORMAT 24 /* Auxiliary database format error */
-#define SQLITE_RANGE 25 /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
-#define SQLITE_NOTADB 26 /* File opened that is not a database file */
-#define SQLITE_ROW 100 /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
-#define SQLITE_DONE 101 /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
-/* end-of-error-codes */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
-**
-** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
-** [SQLITE_OK | result codes]. However, experience has shown that many of
-** these result codes are too coarse-grained. They do not provide as
-** much information about problems as programmers might like. In an effort to
-** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
-** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
-** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
-** on a per database connection basis using the
-** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
-**
-** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
-** One may expect the number of extended result codes will be expand
-** over time. Software that uses extended result codes should expect
-** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
-**
-** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended. It will always
-** be exactly zero.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (8<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (9<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM (SQLITE_IOERR | (12<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS (SQLITE_IOERR | (13<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (14<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (15<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (16<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (17<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN (SQLITE_IOERR | (18<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
-#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
-#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE (SQLITE_LOCKED | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY (SQLITE_BUSY | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
-#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
-#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
-#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
-**
-** These bit values are intended for use in the
-** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
-** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY 0x00000001 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE 0x00000002 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE 0x00000004 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE 0x00000008 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE 0x00000010 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY 0x00000020 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_URI 0x00000040 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY 0x00000080 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB 0x00000100 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 0x00000200 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB 0x00000400 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 0x00000800 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 0x00001000 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL 0x00002000 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 0x00004000 /* VFS only */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX 0x00008000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX 0x00010000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE 0x00020000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE 0x00040000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
-#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL 0x00080000 /* VFS only */
-
-/* Reserved: 0x00F00000 */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
-**
-** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
-** object returns an integer which is a vector of the these
-** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
-** device that holds the file that the [sqlite3_io_methods]
-** refers to.
-**
-** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
-** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
-** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
-** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
-** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
-** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
-** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
-** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
-** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
-** to xWrite(). The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
-** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
-** file that were written at the application level might have changed
-** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
-** guaranteed to be unchanged.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC 0x00000001
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512 0x00000002
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K 0x00000004
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K 0x00000008
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K 0x00000010
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K 0x00000020
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K 0x00000040
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K 0x00000080
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K 0x00000100
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND 0x00000200
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL 0x00000400
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN 0x00000800
-#define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 0x00001000
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
-**
-** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
-** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
-** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_LOCK_NONE 0
-#define SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED 1
-#define SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED 2
-#define SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING 3
-#define SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE 4
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Synchronization Type Flags
-**
-** When SQLite invokes the xSync() method of an
-** [sqlite3_io_methods] object it uses a combination of
-** these integer values as the second argument.
-**
-** When the SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY flag is used, it means that the
-** sync operation only needs to flush data to mass storage. Inode
-** information need not be flushed. If the lower four bits of the flag
-** equal SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL, that means to use normal fsync() semantics.
-** If the lower four bits equal SQLITE_SYNC_FULL, that means
-** to use Mac OS X style fullsync instead of fsync().
-**
-** Do not confuse the SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL flags
-** with the [PRAGMA synchronous]=NORMAL and [PRAGMA synchronous]=FULL
-** settings. The [synchronous pragma] determines when calls to the
-** xSync VFS method occur and applies uniformly across all platforms.
-** The SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL flags determine how
-** energetic or rigorous or forceful the sync operations are and
-** only make a difference on Mac OSX for the default SQLite code.
-** (Third-party VFS implementations might also make the distinction
-** between SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL, but among the
-** operating systems natively supported by SQLite, only Mac OSX
-** cares about the difference.)
-*/
-#define SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL 0x00002
-#define SQLITE_SYNC_FULL 0x00003
-#define SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY 0x00010
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Open File Handle
-**
-** An [sqlite3_file] object represents an open file in the
-** [sqlite3_vfs | OS interface layer]. Individual OS interface
-** implementations will
-** want to subclass this object by appending additional fields
-** for their own use. The pMethods entry is a pointer to an
-** [sqlite3_io_methods] object that defines methods for performing
-** I/O operations on the open file.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_file sqlite3_file;
-struct sqlite3_file {
- const struct sqlite3_io_methods *pMethods; /* Methods for an open file */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: OS Interface File Virtual Methods Object
-**
-** Every file opened by the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method populates an
-** [sqlite3_file] object (or, more commonly, a subclass of the
-** [sqlite3_file] object) with a pointer to an instance of this object.
-** This object defines the methods used to perform various operations
-** against the open file represented by the [sqlite3_file] object.
-**
-** If the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method sets the sqlite3_file.pMethods element
-** to a non-NULL pointer, then the sqlite3_io_methods.xClose method
-** may be invoked even if the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] reported that it failed. The
-** only way to prevent a call to xClose following a failed [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen]
-** is for the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] to set the sqlite3_file.pMethods element
-** to NULL.
-**
-** The flags argument to xSync may be one of [SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL] or
-** [SQLITE_SYNC_FULL]. The first choice is the normal fsync().
-** The second choice is a Mac OS X style fullsync. The [SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY]
-** flag may be ORed in to indicate that only the data of the file
-** and not its inode needs to be synced.
-**
-** The integer values to xLock() and xUnlock() are one of
-** <ul>
-** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE],
-** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
-** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED],
-** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or
-** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE].
-** </ul>
-** xLock() increases the lock. xUnlock() decreases the lock.
-** The xCheckReservedLock() method checks whether any database connection,
-** either in this process or in some other process, is holding a RESERVED,
-** PENDING, or EXCLUSIVE lock on the file. It returns true
-** if such a lock exists and false otherwise.
-**
-** The xFileControl() method is a generic interface that allows custom
-** VFS implementations to directly control an open file using the
-** [sqlite3_file_control()] interface. The second "op" argument is an
-** integer opcode. The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
-** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
-** write return values. Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
-** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
-** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
-** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks. The SQLite
-** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
-** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
-** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
-** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts. VFS implementations should
-** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
-** recognize.
-**
-** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
-** device that underlies the file. The sector size is the
-** minimum write that can be performed without disturbing
-** other bytes in the file. The xDeviceCharacteristics()
-** method returns a bit vector describing behaviors of the
-** underlying device:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
-** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
-** </ul>
-**
-** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
-** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
-** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
-** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
-** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
-** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
-** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
-** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
-** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
-** to xWrite().
-**
-** If xRead() returns SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ it must also fill
-** in the unread portions of the buffer with zeros. A VFS that
-** fails to zero-fill short reads might seem to work. However,
-** failure to zero-fill short reads will eventually lead to
-** database corruption.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_io_methods sqlite3_io_methods;
-struct sqlite3_io_methods {
- int iVersion;
- int (*xClose)(sqlite3_file*);
- int (*xRead)(sqlite3_file*, void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
- int (*xWrite)(sqlite3_file*, const void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
- int (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 size);
- int (*xSync)(sqlite3_file*, int flags);
- int (*xFileSize)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 *pSize);
- int (*xLock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
- int (*xUnlock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
- int (*xCheckReservedLock)(sqlite3_file*, int *pResOut);
- int (*xFileControl)(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
- int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*);
- int (*xDeviceCharacteristics)(sqlite3_file*);
- /* Methods above are valid for version 1 */
- int (*xShmMap)(sqlite3_file*, int iPg, int pgsz, int, void volatile**);
- int (*xShmLock)(sqlite3_file*, int offset, int n, int flags);
- void (*xShmBarrier)(sqlite3_file*);
- int (*xShmUnmap)(sqlite3_file*, int deleteFlag);
- /* Methods above are valid for version 2 */
- /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
-**
-** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
-** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
-** interface.
-**
-** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging. This
-** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
-** the lock (one of [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE], [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
-** [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED], [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE])
-** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
-** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
-** is defined.
-** <ul>
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT]]
-** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
-** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
-** current transaction. This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it
-** is often close. The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database
-** file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database
-** file run faster.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE]]
-** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE] opcode is used to request that the VFS
-** extends and truncates the database file in chunks of a size specified
-** by the user. The fourth argument to [sqlite3_file_control()] should
-** point to an integer (type int) containing the new chunk-size to use
-** for the nominated database. Allocating database file space in large
-** chunks (say 1MB at a time), may reduce file-system fragmentation and
-** improve performance on some systems.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]]
-** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
-** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with a particular database
-** connection. See the [sqlite3_file_control()] documentation for
-** additional information.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED]]
-** ^(The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED] opcode is generated internally by
-** SQLite and sent to all VFSes in place of a call to the xSync method
-** when the database connection has [PRAGMA synchronous] set to OFF.)^
-** Some specialized VFSes need this signal in order to operate correctly
-** when [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] is set, but most
-** VFSes do not need this signal and should silently ignore this opcode.
-** Applications should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this
-** opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes
-** that do require it.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY]]
-** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY] opcode is used to configure automatic
-** retry counts and intervals for certain disk I/O operations for the
-** windows [VFS] in order to provide robustness in the presence of
-** anti-virus programs. By default, the windows VFS will retry file read,
-** file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay
-** of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing
-** by an additional 25 milliseconds with each subsequent retry. This
-** opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay)
-** to be adjusted. The values are changed for all database connections
-** within the same process. The argument is a pointer to an array of two
-** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
-** integer is the delay. If either integer is negative, then the setting
-** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
-** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
-** interrogated. The zDbName parameter is ignored.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
-** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
-** persistent [WAL | Write Ahead Log] setting. By default, the auxiliary
-** write ahead log and shared memory files used for transaction control
-** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
-** closes. Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
-** close. Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
-** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
-** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
-** in order for the database to be readable. The fourth parameter to
-** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
-** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
-** WAL mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
-** WAL persistence setting.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE]]
-** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE] opcode is used to set or query the
-** persistent "powersafe-overwrite" or "PSOW" setting. The PSOW setting
-** determines the [SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE] bit of the
-** xDeviceCharacteristics methods. The fourth parameter to
-** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
-** That integer is 0 to disable zero-damage mode or 1 to enable zero-damage
-** mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
-** zero-damage mode setting.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE]]
-** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE] opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening
-** a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some
-** reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current
-** transaction. This is used by VACUUM operations.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME]]
-** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME] opcode can be used to obtain the names of
-** all [VFSes] in the VFS stack. The names are of all VFS shims and the
-** final bottom-level VFS are written into memory obtained from
-** [sqlite3_malloc()] and the result is stored in the char* variable
-** that the fourth parameter of [sqlite3_file_control()] points to.
-** The caller is responsible for freeing the memory when done. As with
-** all file-control actions, there is no guarantee that this will actually
-** do anything. Callers should initialize the char* variable to a NULL
-** pointer in case this file-control is not implemented. This file-control
-** is intended for diagnostic use only.
-**
-** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]]
-** ^Whenever a [PRAGMA] statement is parsed, an [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
-** file control is sent to the open [sqlite3_file] object corresponding
-** to the database file to which the pragma statement refers. ^The argument
-** to the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control is an array of
-** pointers to strings (char**) in which the second element of the array
-** is the name of the pragma and the third element is the argument to the
-** pragma or NULL if the pragma has no argument. ^The handler for an
-** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control can optionally make the first element
-** of the char** argument point to a string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()]
-** or the equivalent and that string will become the result of the pragma or
-** the error message if the pragma fails. ^If the
-** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], then normal
-** [PRAGMA] processing continues. ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
-** file control returns [SQLITE_OK], then the parser assumes that the
-** VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op
-** prepared statement. ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
-** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
-** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
-** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error. ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
-** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
-** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
-** </ul>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE 1
-#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE 2
-#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE 3
-#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO 4
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT 5
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE 6
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER 7
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED 8
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY 9
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL 10
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE 11
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME 12
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 13
-#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA 14
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
-**
-** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
-** abstract type for a mutex object. The SQLite core never looks
-** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex]. It only
-** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
-**
-** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
-**
-** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
-** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system. The "vfs"
-** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system". See
-** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
-**
-** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in
-** future versions of SQLite. Additional fields may be appended to this
-** object when the iVersion value is increased. Note that the structure
-** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transaction between
-** SQLite version 3.5.9 and 3.6.0 and yet the iVersion field was not
-** modified.
-**
-** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
-** structure used by this VFS. mxPathname is the maximum length of
-** a pathname in this VFS.
-**
-** Registered sqlite3_vfs objects are kept on a linked list formed by
-** the pNext pointer. The [sqlite3_vfs_register()]
-** and [sqlite3_vfs_unregister()] interfaces manage this list
-** in a thread-safe way. The [sqlite3_vfs_find()] interface
-** searches the list. Neither the application code nor the VFS
-** implementation should use the pNext pointer.
-**
-** The pNext field is the only field in the sqlite3_vfs
-** structure that SQLite will ever modify. SQLite will only access
-** or modify this field while holding a particular static mutex.
-** The application should never modify anything within the sqlite3_vfs
-** object once the object has been registered.
-**
-** The zName field holds the name of the VFS module. The name must
-** be unique across all VFS modules.
-**
-** [[sqlite3_vfs.xOpen]]
-** ^SQLite guarantees that the zFilename parameter to xOpen
-** is either a NULL pointer or string obtained
-** from xFullPathname() with an optional suffix added.
-** ^If a suffix is added to the zFilename parameter, it will
-** consist of a single "-" character followed by no more than
-** 11 alphanumeric and/or "-" characters.
-** ^SQLite further guarantees that
-** the string will be valid and unchanged until xClose() is
-** called. Because of the previous sentence,
-** the [sqlite3_file] can safely store a pointer to the
-** filename if it needs to remember the filename for some reason.
-** If the zFilename parameter to xOpen is a NULL pointer then xOpen
-** must invent its own temporary name for the file. ^Whenever the
-** xFilename parameter is NULL it will also be the case that the
-** flags parameter will include [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE].
-**
-** The flags argument to xOpen() includes all bits set in
-** the flags argument to [sqlite3_open_v2()]. Or if [sqlite3_open()]
-** or [sqlite3_open16()] is used, then flags includes at least
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE].
-** If xOpen() opens a file read-only then it sets *pOutFlags to
-** include [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]. Other bits in *pOutFlags may be set.
-**
-** ^(SQLite will also add one of the following flags to the xOpen()
-** call, depending on the object being opened:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
-** change the way it deals with files. For example, an application
-** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
-** the open of a journal file a no-op. Writes to this journal would
-** also be no-ops, and any attempt to read the journal would return
-** SQLITE_IOERR. Or the implementation might recognize that a database
-** file will be doing page-aligned sector reads and writes in a random
-** order and set up its I/O subsystem accordingly.
-**
-** SQLite might also add one of the following flags to the xOpen method:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
-** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE]
-** </ul>
-**
-** The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE] flag means the file should be
-** deleted when it is closed. ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
-** will be set for TEMP databases and their journals, transient
-** databases, and subjournals.
-**
-** ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE] flag is always used in conjunction
-** with the [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE] flag, which are both directly
-** analogous to the O_EXCL and O_CREAT flags of the POSIX open()
-** API. The SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE flag, when paired with the
-** SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, is used to indicate that file should always
-** be created, and that it is an error if it already exists.
-** It is <i>not</i> used to indicate the file should be opened
-** for exclusive access.
-**
-** ^At least szOsFile bytes of memory are allocated by SQLite
-** to hold the [sqlite3_file] structure passed as the third
-** argument to xOpen. The xOpen method does not have to
-** allocate the structure; it should just fill it in. Note that
-** the xOpen method must set the sqlite3_file.pMethods to either
-** a valid [sqlite3_io_methods] object or to NULL. xOpen must do
-** this even if the open fails. SQLite expects that the sqlite3_file.pMethods
-** element will be valid after xOpen returns regardless of the success
-** or failure of the xOpen call.
-**
-** [[sqlite3_vfs.xAccess]]
-** ^The flags argument to xAccess() may be [SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS]
-** to test for the existence of a file, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE] to
-** test whether a file is readable and writable, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READ]
-** to test whether a file is at least readable. The file can be a
-** directory.
-**
-** ^SQLite will always allocate at least mxPathname+1 bytes for the
-** output buffer xFullPathname. The exact size of the output buffer
-** is also passed as a parameter to both methods. If the output buffer
-** is not large enough, [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] should be returned. Since this is
-** handled as a fatal error by SQLite, vfs implementations should endeavor
-** to prevent this by setting mxPathname to a sufficiently large value.
-**
-** The xRandomness(), xSleep(), xCurrentTime(), and xCurrentTimeInt64()
-** interfaces are not strictly a part of the filesystem, but they are
-** included in the VFS structure for completeness.
-** The xRandomness() function attempts to return nBytes bytes
-** of good-quality randomness into zOut. The return value is
-** the actual number of bytes of randomness obtained.
-** The xSleep() method causes the calling thread to sleep for at
-** least the number of microseconds given. ^The xCurrentTime()
-** method returns a Julian Day Number for the current date and time as
-** a floating point value.
-** ^The xCurrentTimeInt64() method returns, as an integer, the Julian
-** Day Number multiplied by 86400000 (the number of milliseconds in
-** a 24-hour day).
-** ^SQLite will use the xCurrentTimeInt64() method to get the current
-** date and time if that method is available (if iVersion is 2 or
-** greater and the function pointer is not NULL) and will fall back
-** to xCurrentTime() if xCurrentTimeInt64() is unavailable.
-**
-** ^The xSetSystemCall(), xGetSystemCall(), and xNestSystemCall() interfaces
-** are not used by the SQLite core. These optional interfaces are provided
-** by some VFSes to facilitate testing of the VFS code. By overriding
-** system calls with functions under its control, a test program can
-** simulate faults and error conditions that would otherwise be difficult
-** or impossible to induce. The set of system calls that can be overridden
-** varies from one VFS to another, and from one version of the same VFS to the
-** next. Applications that use these interfaces must be prepared for any
-** or all of these interfaces to be NULL or for their behavior to change
-** from one release to the next. Applications must not attempt to access
-** any of these methods if the iVersion of the VFS is less than 3.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_vfs sqlite3_vfs;
-typedef void (*sqlite3_syscall_ptr)(void);
-struct sqlite3_vfs {
- int iVersion; /* Structure version number (currently 3) */
- int szOsFile; /* Size of subclassed sqlite3_file */
- int mxPathname; /* Maximum file pathname length */
- sqlite3_vfs *pNext; /* Next registered VFS */
- const char *zName; /* Name of this virtual file system */
- void *pAppData; /* Pointer to application-specific data */
- int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, sqlite3_file*,
- int flags, int *pOutFlags);
- int (*xDelete)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int syncDir);
- int (*xAccess)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int flags, int *pResOut);
- int (*xFullPathname)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int nOut, char *zOut);
- void *(*xDlOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zFilename);
- void (*xDlError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zErrMsg);
- void (*(*xDlSym)(sqlite3_vfs*,void*, const char *zSymbol))(void);
- void (*xDlClose)(sqlite3_vfs*, void*);
- int (*xRandomness)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zOut);
- int (*xSleep)(sqlite3_vfs*, int microseconds);
- int (*xCurrentTime)(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
- int (*xGetLastError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
- /*
- ** The methods above are in version 1 of the sqlite_vfs object
- ** definition. Those that follow are added in version 2 or later
- */
- int (*xCurrentTimeInt64)(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_int64*);
- /*
- ** The methods above are in versions 1 and 2 of the sqlite_vfs object.
- ** Those below are for version 3 and greater.
- */
- int (*xSetSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, sqlite3_syscall_ptr);
- sqlite3_syscall_ptr (*xGetSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName);
- const char *(*xNextSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName);
- /*
- ** The methods above are in versions 1 through 3 of the sqlite_vfs object.
- ** New fields may be appended in figure versions. The iVersion
- ** value will increment whenever this happens.
- */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xAccess VFS method
-**
-** These integer constants can be used as the third parameter to
-** the xAccess method of an [sqlite3_vfs] object. They determine
-** what kind of permissions the xAccess method is looking for.
-** With SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, the xAccess method
-** simply checks whether the file exists.
-** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, the xAccess method
-** checks whether the named directory is both readable and writable
-** (in other words, if files can be added, removed, and renamed within
-** the directory).
-** The SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE constant is currently used only by the
-** [temp_store_directory pragma], though this could change in a future
-** release of SQLite.
-** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, the xAccess method
-** checks whether the file is readable. The SQLITE_ACCESS_READ constant is
-** currently unused, though it might be used in a future release of
-** SQLite.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS 0
-#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE 1 /* Used by PRAGMA temp_store_directory */
-#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READ 2 /* Unused */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xShmLock VFS method
-**
-** These integer constants define the various locking operations
-** allowed by the xShmLock method of [sqlite3_io_methods]. The
-** following are the only legal combinations of flags to the
-** xShmLock method:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
-** <li> SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
-** <li> SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
-** <li> SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
-** </ul>
-**
-** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
-** was given no the corresponding lock.
-**
-** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
-** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE. It cannot transition between SHARED
-** and EXCLUSIVE.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK 1
-#define SQLITE_SHM_LOCK 2
-#define SQLITE_SHM_SHARED 4
-#define SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE 8
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Maximum xShmLock index
-**
-** The xShmLock method on [sqlite3_io_methods] may use values
-** between 0 and this upper bound as its "offset" argument.
-** The SQLite core will never attempt to acquire or release a
-** lock outside of this range
-*/
-#define SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK 8
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Initialize The SQLite Library
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine initializes the
-** SQLite library. ^The sqlite3_shutdown() routine
-** deallocates any resources that were allocated by sqlite3_initialize().
-** These routines are designed to aid in process initialization and
-** shutdown on embedded systems. Workstation applications using
-** SQLite normally do not need to invoke either of these routines.
-**
-** A call to sqlite3_initialize() is an "effective" call if it is
-** the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked during the lifetime of
-** the process, or if it is the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
-** following a call to sqlite3_shutdown(). ^(Only an effective call
-** of sqlite3_initialize() does any initialization. All other calls
-** are harmless no-ops.)^
-**
-** A call to sqlite3_shutdown() is an "effective" call if it is the first
-** call to sqlite3_shutdown() since the last sqlite3_initialize(). ^(Only
-** an effective call to sqlite3_shutdown() does any deinitialization.
-** All other valid calls to sqlite3_shutdown() are harmless no-ops.)^
-**
-** The sqlite3_initialize() interface is threadsafe, but sqlite3_shutdown()
-** is not. The sqlite3_shutdown() interface must only be called from a
-** single thread. All open [database connections] must be closed and all
-** other SQLite resources must be deallocated prior to invoking
-** sqlite3_shutdown().
-**
-** Among other things, ^sqlite3_initialize() will invoke
-** sqlite3_os_init(). Similarly, ^sqlite3_shutdown()
-** will invoke sqlite3_os_end().
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine returns [SQLITE_OK] on success.
-** ^If for some reason, sqlite3_initialize() is unable to initialize
-** the library (perhaps it is unable to allocate a needed resource such
-** as a mutex) it returns an [error code] other than [SQLITE_OK].
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine is called internally by many other
-** SQLite interfaces so that an application usually does not need to
-** invoke sqlite3_initialize() directly. For example, [sqlite3_open()]
-** calls sqlite3_initialize() so the SQLite library will be automatically
-** initialized when [sqlite3_open()] is called if it has not be initialized
-** already. ^However, if SQLite is compiled with the [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT]
-** compile-time option, then the automatic calls to sqlite3_initialize()
-** are omitted and the application must call sqlite3_initialize() directly
-** prior to using any other SQLite interface. For maximum portability,
-** it is recommended that applications always invoke sqlite3_initialize()
-** directly prior to using any other SQLite interface. Future releases
-** of SQLite may require this. In other words, the behavior exhibited
-** when SQLite is compiled with [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT] might become the
-** default behavior in some future release of SQLite.
-**
-** The sqlite3_os_init() routine does operating-system specific
-** initialization of the SQLite library. The sqlite3_os_end()
-** routine undoes the effect of sqlite3_os_init(). Typical tasks
-** performed by these routines include allocation or deallocation
-** of static resources, initialization of global variables,
-** setting up a default [sqlite3_vfs] module, or setting up
-** a default configuration using [sqlite3_config()].
-**
-** The application should never invoke either sqlite3_os_init()
-** or sqlite3_os_end() directly. The application should only invoke
-** sqlite3_initialize() and sqlite3_shutdown(). The sqlite3_os_init()
-** interface is called automatically by sqlite3_initialize() and
-** sqlite3_os_end() is called by sqlite3_shutdown(). Appropriate
-** implementations for sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end()
-** are built into SQLite when it is compiled for Unix, Windows, or OS/2.
-** When [custom builds | built for other platforms]
-** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
-** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
-** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end(). An application-supplied
-** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
-** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
-** failure.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library
-**
-** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
-** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
-** the application. The default configuration is recommended for most
-** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary. It is
-** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
-**
-** The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe. The application
-** must insure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
-** threads while sqlite3_config() is running. Furthermore, sqlite3_config()
-** may only be invoked prior to library initialization using
-** [sqlite3_initialize()] or after shutdown by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
-** ^If sqlite3_config() is called after [sqlite3_initialize()] and before
-** [sqlite3_shutdown()] then it will return SQLITE_MISUSE.
-** Note, however, that ^sqlite3_config() can be called as part of the
-** implementation of an application-defined [sqlite3_os_init()].
-**
-** The first argument to sqlite3_config() is an integer
-** [configuration option] that determines
-** what property of SQLite is to be configured. Subsequent arguments
-** vary depending on the [configuration option]
-** in the first argument.
-**
-** ^When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
-** ^If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
-** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_config(int, ...);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
-**
-** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
-** changes to a [database connection]. The interface is similar to
-** [sqlite3_config()] except that the changes apply to a single
-** [database connection] (specified in the first argument).
-**
-** The second argument to sqlite3_db_config(D,V,...) is the
-** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE | configuration verb] - an integer code
-** that indicates what aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
-** Subsequent arguments vary depending on the configuration verb.
-**
-** ^Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if
-** the call is considered successful.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines
-**
-** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
-** and low-level memory allocation routines.
-**
-** This object is used in only one place in the SQLite interface.
-** A pointer to an instance of this object is the argument to
-** [sqlite3_config()] when the configuration option is
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC].
-** By creating an instance of this object
-** and passing it to [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC])
-** during configuration, an application can specify an alternative
-** memory allocation subsystem for SQLite to use for all of its
-** dynamic memory needs.
-**
-** Note that SQLite comes with several [built-in memory allocators]
-** that are perfectly adequate for the overwhelming majority of applications
-** and that this object is only useful to a tiny minority of applications
-** with specialized memory allocation requirements. This object is
-** also used during testing of SQLite in order to specify an alternative
-** memory allocator that simulates memory out-of-memory conditions in
-** order to verify that SQLite recovers gracefully from such
-** conditions.
-**
-** The xMalloc, xRealloc, and xFree methods must work like the
-** malloc(), realloc() and free() functions from the standard C library.
-** ^SQLite guarantees that the second argument to
-** xRealloc is always a value returned by a prior call to xRoundup.
-**
-** xSize should return the allocated size of a memory allocation
-** previously obtained from xMalloc or xRealloc. The allocated size
-** is always at least as big as the requested size but may be larger.
-**
-** The xRoundup method returns what would be the allocated size of
-** a memory allocation given a particular requested size. Most memory
-** allocators round up memory allocations at least to the next multiple
-** of 8. Some allocators round up to a larger multiple or to a power of 2.
-** Every memory allocation request coming in through [sqlite3_malloc()]
-** or [sqlite3_realloc()] first calls xRoundup. If xRoundup returns 0,
-** that causes the corresponding memory allocation to fail.
-**
-** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator. (For example,
-** it might allocate any require mutexes or initialize internal data
-** structures. The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
-** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
-** by xInit. The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
-** xInit and xShutdown.
-**
-** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
-** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. The
-** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
-** not need to be threadsafe either. For all other methods, SQLite
-** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
-** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
-** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
-** methods must be threadsafe or else make their own arrangements for
-** serialization.
-**
-** SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
-** call to xShutdown().
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_mem_methods sqlite3_mem_methods;
-struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
- void *(*xMalloc)(int); /* Memory allocation function */
- void (*xFree)(void*); /* Free a prior allocation */
- void *(*xRealloc)(void*,int); /* Resize an allocation */
- int (*xSize)(void*); /* Return the size of an allocation */
- int (*xRoundup)(int); /* Round up request size to allocation size */
- int (*xInit)(void*); /* Initialize the memory allocator */
- void (*xShutdown)(void*); /* Deinitialize the memory allocator */
- void *pAppData; /* Argument to xInit() and xShutdown() */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Configuration Options
-** KEYWORDS: {configuration option}
-**
-** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
-** can be passed as the first argument to the [sqlite3_config()] interface.
-**
-** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
-** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
-** should check the return code from [sqlite3_config()] to make sure that
-** the call worked. The [sqlite3_config()] interface will return a
-** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
-** is invoked.
-**
-** <dl>
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD</dt>
-** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
-** [threading mode] to Single-thread. In other words, it disables
-** all mutexing and puts SQLite into a mode where it can only be used
-** by a single thread. ^If SQLite is compiled with
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
-** it is not possible to change the [threading mode] from its default
-** value of Single-thread and so [sqlite3_config()] will return
-** [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD
-** configuration option.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD</dt>
-** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
-** [threading mode] to Multi-thread. In other words, it disables
-** mutexing on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
-** The application is responsible for serializing access to
-** [database connections] and [prepared statements]. But other mutexes
-** are enabled so that SQLite will be safe to use in a multi-threaded
-** environment as long as no two threads attempt to use the same
-** [database connection] at the same time. ^If SQLite is compiled with
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
-** it is not possible to set the Multi-thread [threading mode] and
-** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
-** SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD configuration option.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED</dt>
-** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
-** [threading mode] to Serialized. In other words, this option enables
-** all mutexes including the recursive
-** mutexes on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
-** In this mode (which is the default when SQLite is compiled with
-** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1]) the SQLite library will itself serialize access
-** to [database connections] and [prepared statements] so that the
-** application is free to use the same [database connection] or the
-** same [prepared statement] in different threads at the same time.
-** ^If SQLite is compiled with
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
-** it is not possible to set the Serialized [threading mode] and
-** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
-** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The argument specifies
-** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
-** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
-** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
-** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
-** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
-** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
-** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
-** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a
-** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation
-** statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the
-** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
-** <ul>
-** <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
-** <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
-** <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
-** <li> [sqlite3_status()]
-** </ul>)^
-** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
-** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
-** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
-** </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** scratch memory. There are three arguments: A pointer an 8-byte
-** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
-** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
-** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N). The sz
-** argument must be a multiple of 16.
-** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
-** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use no more than two scratch buffers per thread. So
-** N should be set to twice the expected maximum number of threads.
-** ^SQLite will never require a scratch buffer that is more than 6
-** times the database page size. ^If SQLite needs needs additional
-** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then
-** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** the database page cache with the default page cache implementation.
-** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
-** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option.
-** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned
-** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
-** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
-** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
-** page header. ^The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on
-** the host architecture. ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
-** to make sz a little too large. The first
-** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
-** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache. ^If additional
-** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
-** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
-** The pointer in the first argument must
-** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
-** will be undefined.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
-** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
-** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
-** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
-** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
-** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
-** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
-** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]. ^If the
-** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
-** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
-** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
-** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
-** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
-** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The argument specifies
-** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
-** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
-** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
-** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
-** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will
-** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The
-** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
-** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
-** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
-** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
-** profiling or testing, for example. ^If SQLite is compiled with
-** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
-** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
-** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will
-** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes two arguments that determine the default
-** memory allocation for the lookaside memory allocator on each
-** [database connection]. The first argument is the
-** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
-** slots allocated to each database connection.)^ ^(This option sets the
-** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
-** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
-** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
-** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object. This object specifies the interface
-** to a custom page cache implementation.)^ ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object. SQLite copies of the current
-** page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
-** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
-** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*),
-** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
-** invoked by [sqlite3_log()] to process each logging event. ^If the
-** function pointer is NULL, the [sqlite3_log()] interface becomes a no-op.
-** ^The void pointer that is the second argument to SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG is
-** passed through as the first parameter to the application-defined logger
-** function whenever that function is invoked. ^The second parameter to
-** the logger function is a copy of the first parameter to the corresponding
-** [sqlite3_log()] call and is intended to be a [result code] or an
-** [extended result code]. ^The third parameter passed to the logger is
-** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
-** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
-** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
-** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
-** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
-** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
-** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
-** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
-** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
-** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
-** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
-** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
-** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
-** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
-** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
-** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
-**
-** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
-** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
-** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
-** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD 1 /* nil */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD 2 /* nil */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED 3 /* nil */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC 4 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC 5 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH 6 /* void*, int sz, int N */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE 7 /* void*, int sz, int N */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP 8 /* void*, int nByte, int min */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS 9 /* boolean */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX 10 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX 11 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
-/* previously SQLITE_CONFIG_CHUNKALLOC 12 which is now unused. */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE 13 /* int int */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE 14 /* no-op */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE 15 /* no-op */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG 16 /* xFunc, void* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_URI 17 /* int */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 18 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
-#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 19 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
-**
-** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
-** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
-**
-** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
-** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
-** should check the return code from [sqlite3_db_config()] to make sure that
-** the call worked. ^The [sqlite3_db_config()] interface will return a
-** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
-** is invoked.
-**
-** <dl>
-** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option takes three additional arguments that determine the
-** [lookaside memory allocator] configuration for the [database connection].
-** ^The first argument (the third parameter to [sqlite3_db_config()] is a
-** pointer to a memory buffer to use for lookaside memory.
-** ^The first argument after the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE verb
-** may be NULL in which case SQLite will allocate the
-** lookaside buffer itself using [sqlite3_malloc()]. ^The second argument is the
-** size of each lookaside buffer slot. ^The third argument is the number of
-** slots. The size of the buffer in the first argument must be greater than
-** or equal to the product of the second and third arguments. The buffer
-** must be aligned to an 8-byte boundary. ^If the second argument to
-** SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE is not a multiple of 8, it is internally
-** rounded down to the next smaller multiple of 8. ^(The lookaside memory
-** configuration for a database connection can only be changed when that
-** connection is not currently using lookaside memory, or in other words
-** when the "current value" returned by
-** [sqlite3_db_status](D,[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE],...) is zero.
-** Any attempt to change the lookaside memory configuration when lookaside
-** memory is in use leaves the configuration unchanged and returns
-** [SQLITE_BUSY].)^</dd>
-**
-** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the enforcement of
-** [foreign key constraints]. There should be two additional arguments.
-** The first argument is an integer which is 0 to disable FK enforcement,
-** positive to enable FK enforcement or negative to leave FK enforcement
-** unchanged. The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
-** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether FK enforcement is off or on
-** following this call. The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
-** which case the FK enforcement setting is not reported back. </dd>
-**
-** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable [CREATE TRIGGER | triggers].
-** There should be two additional arguments.
-** The first argument is an integer which is 0 to disable triggers,
-** positive to enable triggers or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
-** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
-** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether triggers are disabled or enabled
-** following this call. The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
-** which case the trigger setting is not reported back. </dd>
-**
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE 1001 /* void* int int */
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY 1002 /* int int* */
-#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER 1003 /* int int* */
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
-** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
-** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
-**
-** ^Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
-** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
-** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
-** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
-** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
-** is another alias for the rowid.
-**
-** ^This routine returns the [rowid] of the most recent
-** successful [INSERT] into the database from the [database connection]
-** in the first argument. ^As of SQLite version 3.7.7, this routines
-** records the last insert rowid of both ordinary tables and [virtual tables].
-** ^If no successful [INSERT]s
-** have ever occurred on that database connection, zero is returned.
-**
-** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
-** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
-** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
-** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned
-** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
-** table method began.)^
-**
-** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
-** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
-** routine. ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
-** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
-** routine when their insertion fails. ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
-** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail. The
-** INSERT continues to completion after deleting rows that caused
-** the constraint problem so INSERT OR REPLACE will always change
-** the return value of this interface.)^
-**
-** ^For the purposes of this routine, an [INSERT] is considered to
-** be successful even if it is subsequently rolled back.
-**
-** This function is accessible to SQL statements via the
-** [last_insert_rowid() SQL function].
-**
-** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
-** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
-** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
-** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
-** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
-** last insert [rowid].
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
-** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
-** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
-** ^(Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
-** or [DELETE] statement are counted. Auxiliary changes caused by
-** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted.)^ Use the
-** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
-** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.
-**
-** ^Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]
-** are not counted. Only real table changes are counted.
-**
-** ^(A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
-** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement. Rows that
-** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
-** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
-** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.)^
-**
-** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
-** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger].
-** Most SQL statements are
-** evaluated outside of any trigger. This is the "top level"
-** trigger context. If a trigger fires from the top level, a
-** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
-** trigger. Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
-**
-** ^Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
-** not create a new trigger context.
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
-** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
-** trigger context.
-**
-** ^Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
-** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** that also occurred at the top level. ^(Within the body of a trigger,
-** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
-** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** statement within the body of the same trigger.
-** However, the number returned does not include changes
-** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.)^
-**
-** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
-** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
-**
-** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
-** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
-** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
-** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.
-** ^(The count returned by sqlite3_total_changes() includes all changes
-** from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger] contexts and changes made by
-** [foreign key actions]. However,
-** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
-** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing. The
-** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
-** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes
-** are counted.)^
-** ^The sqlite3_total_changes() function counts the changes as soon as
-** the statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle
-** is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]).
-**
-** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
-** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
-**
-** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
-** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
-** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
-**
-** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
-** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
-** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
-** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
-** immediately.
-**
-** ^It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the
-** thread that is currently running the database operation. But it
-** is not safe to call this routine with a [database connection] that
-** is closed or might close before sqlite3_interrupt() returns.
-**
-** ^If an SQL operation is very nearly finished at the time when
-** sqlite3_interrupt() is called, then it might not have an opportunity
-** to be interrupted and might continue to completion.
-**
-** ^An SQL operation that is interrupted will return [SQLITE_INTERRUPT].
-** ^If the interrupted SQL operation is an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** that is inside an explicit transaction, then the entire transaction
-** will be rolled back automatically.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_interrupt(D) call is in effect until all currently running
-** SQL statements on [database connection] D complete. ^Any new SQL statements
-** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call and before the
-** running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been
-** running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call. ^New SQL statements
-** that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are
-** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
-** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
-** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
-** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
-**
-** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
-** is running then bad things will likely happen.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
-**
-** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
-** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
-** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
-** SQLite for parsing. ^These routines return 1 if the input string
-** appears to be a complete SQL statement. ^A statement is judged to be
-** complete if it ends with a semicolon token and is not a prefix of a
-** well-formed CREATE TRIGGER statement. ^Semicolons that are embedded within
-** string literals or quoted identifier names or comments are not
-** independent tokens (they are part of the token in which they are
-** embedded) and thus do not count as a statement terminator. ^Whitespace
-** and comments that follow the final semicolon are ignored.
-**
-** ^These routines return 0 if the statement is incomplete. ^If a
-** memory allocation fails, then SQLITE_NOMEM is returned.
-**
-** ^These routines do not parse the SQL statements thus
-** will not detect syntactically incorrect SQL.
-**
-** ^(If SQLite has not been initialized using [sqlite3_initialize()] prior
-** to invoking sqlite3_complete16() then sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
-** automatically by sqlite3_complete16(). If that initialization fails,
-** then the return value from sqlite3_complete16() will be non-zero
-** regardless of whether or not the input SQL is complete.)^
-**
-** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
-** UTF-8 string.
-**
-** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
-** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
-**
-** ^This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever
-** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread
-** or process has locked.
-**
-** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
-** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock. ^If the busy callback
-** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
-**
-** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
-** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler(). ^The second argument to
-** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
-** been invoked for this locking event. ^If the
-** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
-** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.
-** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
-** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.
-**
-** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
-** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
-** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
-** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.
-** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
-** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
-** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
-** to promote to an exclusive lock. The first process cannot proceed
-** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
-** proceed because it is blocked by the first. If both processes
-** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress. Therefore,
-** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
-** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
-** the second process to proceed.
-**
-** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
-**
-** ^The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
-** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
-** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache. SQLite will
-** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
-** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
-** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
-** readers. ^If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
-** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
-** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
-** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]. ^This error code promotion
-** forces an automatic rollback of the changes. See the
-** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
-** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
-** this is important.
-**
-** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
-** [database connection]. Setting a new busy handler clears any
-** previously set handler.)^ ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
-** will also set or clear the busy handler.
-**
-** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
-** database connection that invoked the busy handler. Any such actions
-** result in undefined behavior.
-**
-** A busy handler must not close the database connection
-** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
-**
-** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
-** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked. ^The handler
-** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
-** have accumulated. ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
-** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
-** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
-**
-** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
-** turns off all busy handlers.
-**
-** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
-** [database connection] any any given moment. If another busy handler
-** was defined (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
-** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
-**
-** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
-** Use of this interface is not recommended.
-**
-** Definition: A <b>result table</b> is memory data structure created by the
-** [sqlite3_get_table()] interface. A result table records the
-** complete query results from one or more queries.
-**
-** The table conceptually has a number of rows and columns. But
-** these numbers are not part of the result table itself. These
-** numbers are obtained separately. Let N be the number of rows
-** and M be the number of columns.
-**
-** A result table is an array of pointers to zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
-** There are (N+1)*M elements in the array. The first M pointers point
-** to zero-terminated strings that contain the names of the columns.
-** The remaining entries all point to query results. NULL values result
-** in NULL pointers. All other values are in their UTF-8 zero-terminated
-** string representation as returned by [sqlite3_column_text()].
-**
-** A result table might consist of one or more memory allocations.
-** It is not safe to pass a result table directly to [sqlite3_free()].
-** A result table should be deallocated using [sqlite3_free_table()].
-**
-** ^(As an example of the result table format, suppose a query result
-** is as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** Name | Age
-** -----------------------
-** Alice | 43
-** Bob | 28
-** Cindy | 21
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** There are two column (M==2) and three rows (N==3). Thus the
-** result table has 8 entries. Suppose the result table is stored
-** in an array names azResult. Then azResult holds this content:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** azResult&#91;0] = "Name";
-** azResult&#91;1] = "Age";
-** azResult&#91;2] = "Alice";
-** azResult&#91;3] = "43";
-** azResult&#91;4] = "Bob";
-** azResult&#91;5] = "28";
-** azResult&#91;6] = "Cindy";
-** azResult&#91;7] = "21";
-** </pre></blockquote>)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_get_table() function evaluates one or more
-** semicolon-separated SQL statements in the zero-terminated UTF-8
-** string of its 2nd parameter and returns a result table to the
-** pointer given in its 3rd parameter.
-**
-** After the application has finished with the result from sqlite3_get_table(),
-** it must pass the result table pointer to sqlite3_free_table() in order to
-** release the memory that was malloced. Because of the way the
-** [sqlite3_malloc()] happens within sqlite3_get_table(), the calling
-** function must not try to call [sqlite3_free()] directly. Only
-** [sqlite3_free_table()] is able to release the memory properly and safely.
-**
-** The sqlite3_get_table() interface is implemented as a wrapper around
-** [sqlite3_exec()]. The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
-** to any internal data structures of SQLite. It uses only the public
-** interface defined here. As a consequence, errors that occur in the
-** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
-** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or
-** [sqlite3_errmsg()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
- sqlite3 *db, /* An open database */
- const char *zSql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
- char ***pazResult, /* Results of the query */
- int *pnRow, /* Number of result rows written here */
- int *pnColumn, /* Number of result columns written here */
- char **pzErrmsg /* Error msg written here */
-);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
-**
-** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
-** from the standard C library.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
-** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
-** The strings returned by these two routines should be
-** released by [sqlite3_free()]. ^Both routines return a
-** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
-** memory to hold the resulting string.
-**
-** ^(The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
-** the standard C library. The result is written into the
-** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
-** the first parameter. Note that the order of the
-** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf().)^ This is an
-** historical accident that cannot be fixed without breaking
-** backwards compatibility. ^(Note also that sqlite3_snprintf()
-** returns a pointer to its buffer instead of the number of
-** characters actually written into the buffer.)^ We admit that
-** the number of characters written would be a more useful return
-** value but we cannot change the implementation of sqlite3_snprintf()
-** now without breaking compatibility.
-**
-** ^As long as the buffer size is greater than zero, sqlite3_snprintf()
-** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated. ^The first
-** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
-** the zero terminator. So the longest string that can be completely
-** written will be n-1 characters.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
-**
-** These routines all implement some additional formatting
-** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
-** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply. In addition, there
-** is are "%q", "%Q", and "%z" options.
-**
-** ^(The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated
-** string from the argument list. But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
-** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.)^ By doubling each '\''
-** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
-** the string.
-**
-** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
-** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
-** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
-** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** This is correct. Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
-** would have looked like this:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** This second example is an SQL syntax error. As a general rule you should
-** always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string literal.
-**
-** ^(The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
-** the outside of the total string. Additionally, if the parameter in the
-** argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without
-** single quotes).)^ So, for example, one could say:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
-** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
-** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
-** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
-** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
-** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem
-**
-** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
-** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
-** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation. The
-** Windows VFS uses native malloc() and free() for some operations.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block
-** of memory at least N bytes in length, where N is the parameter.
-** ^If sqlite3_malloc() is unable to obtain sufficient free
-** memory, it returns a NULL pointer. ^If the parameter N to
-** sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns
-** a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned
-** by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so
-** that it might be reused. ^The sqlite3_free() routine is
-** a no-op if is called with a NULL pointer. Passing a NULL pointer
-** to sqlite3_free() is harmless. After being freed, memory
-** should neither be read nor written. Even reading previously freed
-** memory might result in a segmentation fault or other severe error.
-** Memory corruption, a segmentation fault, or other severe error
-** might result if sqlite3_free() is called with a non-NULL pointer that
-** was not obtained from sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc().
-**
-** ^(The sqlite3_realloc() interface attempts to resize a
-** prior memory allocation to be at least N bytes, where N is the
-** second parameter. The memory allocation to be resized is the first
-** parameter.)^ ^ If the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc()
-** is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling
-** sqlite3_malloc(N) where N is the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^If the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc() is zero or
-** negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling
-** sqlite3_free(P) where P is the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^sqlite3_realloc() returns a pointer to a memory allocation
-** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if sufficient memory is unavailable.
-** ^If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes
-** of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned
-** by sqlite3_realloc() and the prior allocation is freed.
-** ^If sqlite3_realloc() returns NULL, then the prior allocation
-** is not freed.
-**
-** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc() and sqlite3_realloc()
-** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary, or to a
-** 4 byte boundary if the [SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC] compile-time
-** option is used.
-**
-** In SQLite version 3.5.0 and 3.5.1, it was possible to define
-** the SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORY_ALLOCATION which would cause the built-in
-** implementation of these routines to be omitted. That capability
-** is no longer provided. Only built-in memory allocators can be used.
-**
-** Prior to SQLite version 3.7.10, the Windows OS interface layer called
-** the system malloc() and free() directly when converting
-** filenames between the UTF-8 encoding used by SQLite
-** and whatever filename encoding is used by the particular Windows
-** installation. Memory allocation errors were detected, but
-** they were reported back as [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] or
-** [SQLITE_IOERR] rather than [SQLITE_NOMEM].
-**
-** The pointer arguments to [sqlite3_free()] and [sqlite3_realloc()]
-** must be either NULL or else pointers obtained from a prior
-** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
-** not yet been released.
-**
-** The application must not read or write any part of
-** a block of memory after it has been released using
-** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
-**
-** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
-** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
-** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_memory_used()] routine returns the number of bytes
-** of memory currently outstanding (malloced but not freed).
-** ^The [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] routine returns the maximum
-** value of [sqlite3_memory_used()] since the high-water mark
-** was last reset. ^The values returned by [sqlite3_memory_used()] and
-** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] include any overhead
-** added by SQLite in its implementation of [sqlite3_malloc()],
-** but not overhead added by the any underlying system library
-** routines that [sqlite3_malloc()] may call.
-**
-** ^The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
-** [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
-** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true. ^The value returned
-** by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
-** prior to the reset.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator
-**
-** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
-** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
-** already uses the largest possible [ROWID]. The PRNG is also used for
-** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions. This interface allows
-** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
-**
-** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
-**
-** ^The first time this routine is invoked (either internally or by
-** the application) the PRNG is seeded using randomness obtained
-** from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
-** ^On all subsequent invocations, the pseudo-randomness is generated
-** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
-** method.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
-**
-** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
-** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
-** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
-** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
-** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()]. ^At various
-** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
-** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
-** see if those actions are allowed. ^The authorizer callback should
-** return [SQLITE_OK] to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
-** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
-** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
-** rejected with an error. ^If the authorizer callback returns
-** any value other than [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_OK], or [SQLITE_DENY]
-** then the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered
-** the authorizer will fail with an error message.
-**
-** When the callback returns [SQLITE_OK], that means the operation
-** requested is ok. ^When the callback returns [SQLITE_DENY], the
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered the
-** authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that
-** access is denied.
-**
-** ^The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third
-** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. ^The second parameter
-** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
-** the particular action to be authorized. ^The third through sixth parameters
-** to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional
-** details about the action to be authorized.
-**
-** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
-** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
-** [prepared statement] statement is constructed to substitute
-** a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
-** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned. The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
-** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
-** columns of a table.
-** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
-** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
-** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
-**
-** An authorizer is used when [sqlite3_prepare | preparing]
-** SQL statements from an untrusted source, to ensure that the SQL statements
-** do not try to access data they are not allowed to see, or that they do not
-** try to execute malicious statements that damage the database. For
-** example, an application may allow a user to enter arbitrary
-** SQL queries for evaluation by a database. But the application does
-** not want the user to be able to make arbitrary changes to the
-** database. An authorizer could then be put in place while the
-** user-entered SQL is being [sqlite3_prepare | prepared] that
-** disallows everything except [SELECT] statements.
-**
-** Applications that need to process SQL from untrusted sources
-** might also consider lowering resource limits using [sqlite3_limit()]
-** and limiting database size using the [max_page_count] [PRAGMA]
-** in addition to using an authorizer.
-**
-** ^(Only a single authorizer can be in place on a database connection
-** at a time. Each call to sqlite3_set_authorizer overrides the
-** previous call.)^ ^Disable the authorizer by installing a NULL callback.
-** The authorizer is disabled by default.
-**
-** The authorizer callback must not do anything that will modify
-** the database connection that invoked the authorizer callback.
-** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
-** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
-**
-** ^When [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] is used to prepare a statement, the
-** statement might be re-prepared during [sqlite3_step()] due to a
-** schema change. Hence, the application should ensure that the
-** correct authorizer callback remains in place during the [sqlite3_step()].
-**
-** ^Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
-** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants. Authorization is not
-** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
-** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
-** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
- sqlite3*,
- int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
- void *pUserData
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
-**
-** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
-** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
-** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted. See the
-** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
-** information.
-**
-** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | return code]
-** from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_DENY 1 /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
-#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
-**
-** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
-** that is invoked to authorize certain SQL statement actions. The
-** second parameter to the callback is an integer code that specifies
-** what action is being authorized. These are the integer action codes that
-** the authorizer callback may be passed.
-**
-** These action code values signify what kind of operation is to be
-** authorized. The 3rd and 4th parameters to the authorization
-** callback function will be parameters or NULL depending on which of these
-** codes is used as the second parameter. ^(The 5th parameter to the
-** authorizer callback is the name of the database ("main", "temp",
-** etc.) if applicable.)^ ^The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback
-** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
-** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from
-** top-level SQL code.
-*/
-/******************************************* 3rd ************ 4th ***********/
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX 1 /* Index Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE 2 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX 3 /* Index Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE 4 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER 5 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW 6 /* View Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_TRIGGER 7 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_VIEW 8 /* View Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DELETE 9 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_INDEX 10 /* Index Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TABLE 11 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX 12 /* Index Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TABLE 13 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TRIGGER 14 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_VIEW 15 /* View Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_TRIGGER 16 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_VIEW 17 /* View Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_INSERT 18 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_PRAGMA 19 /* Pragma Name 1st arg or NULL */
-#define SQLITE_READ 20 /* Table Name Column Name */
-#define SQLITE_SELECT 21 /* NULL NULL */
-#define SQLITE_TRANSACTION 22 /* Operation NULL */
-#define SQLITE_UPDATE 23 /* Table Name Column Name */
-#define SQLITE_ATTACH 24 /* Filename NULL */
-#define SQLITE_DETACH 25 /* Database Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE 26 /* Database Name Table Name */
-#define SQLITE_REINDEX 27 /* Index Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_ANALYZE 28 /* Table Name NULL */
-#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE 29 /* Table Name Module Name */
-#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE 30 /* Table Name Module Name */
-#define SQLITE_FUNCTION 31 /* NULL Function Name */
-#define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT 32 /* Operation Savepoint Name */
-#define SQLITE_COPY 0 /* No longer used */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
-**
-** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
-** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
-**
-** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
-** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
-** ^The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the
-** SQL statement text as the statement first begins executing.
-** ^(Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur
-** as each triggered subprogram is entered. The callbacks for triggers
-** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
-**
-** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
-** as each SQL statement finishes. ^The profile callback contains
-** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
-** of how long that statement took to run. ^The profile callback
-** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
-** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
-** digits in the time are meaningless. Future versions of SQLite
-** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback. The
-** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
-** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
- void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
-** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
-** [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()] for
-** database connection D. An example use for this
-** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
-**
-** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the
-** callback function X. ^The parameter N is the number of
-** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
-** invocations of the callback X.
-**
-** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
-** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
-** old one. ^Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler.
-** ^The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less
-** than 1.
-**
-** ^If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is
-** interrupted. This feature can be used to implement a
-** "Cancel" button on a GUI progress dialog box.
-**
-** The progress handler callback must not do anything that will modify
-** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
-** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
-** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
-**
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
-**
-** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the
-** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
-** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte
-** order for sqlite3_open16(). ^(A [database connection] handle is usually
-** returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs. The only exception is that
-** if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the [sqlite3] object,
-** a NULL will be written into *ppDb instead of a pointer to the [sqlite3]
-** object.)^ ^(If the database is opened (and/or created) successfully, then
-** [SQLITE_OK] is returned. Otherwise an [error code] is returned.)^ ^The
-** [sqlite3_errmsg()] or [sqlite3_errmsg16()] routines can be used to obtain
-** an English language description of the error following a failure of any
-** of the sqlite3_open() routines.
-**
-** ^The default encoding for the database will be UTF-8 if
-** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2() is called and
-** UTF-16 in the native byte order if sqlite3_open16() is used.
-**
-** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources
-** associated with the [database connection] handle should be released by
-** passing it to [sqlite3_close()] when it is no longer required.
-**
-** The sqlite3_open_v2() interface works like sqlite3_open()
-** except that it accepts two additional parameters for additional control
-** over the new database connection. ^(The flags parameter to
-** sqlite3_open_v2() can take one of
-** the following three values, optionally combined with the
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE],
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE], and/or [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flags:)^
-**
-** <dl>
-** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]</dt>
-** <dd>The database is opened in read-only mode. If the database does not
-** already exist, an error is returned.</dd>)^
-**
-** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE]</dt>
-** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing if possible, or reading
-** only if the file is write protected by the operating system. In either
-** case the database must already exist, otherwise an error is returned.</dd>)^
-**
-** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE]</dt>
-** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing, and is created if
-** it does not already exist. This is the behavior that is always used for
-** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16().</dd>)^
-** </dl>
-**
-** If the 3rd parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is not one of the
-** combinations shown above optionally combined with other
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY | SQLITE_OPEN_* bits]
-** then the behavior is undefined.
-**
-** ^If the [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX] flag is set, then the database connection
-** opens in the multi-thread [threading mode] as long as the single-thread
-** mode has not been set at compile-time or start-time. ^If the
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX] flag is set then the database connection opens
-** in the serialized [threading mode] unless single-thread was
-** previously selected at compile-time or start-time.
-** ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE] flag causes the database connection to be
-** eligible to use [shared cache mode], regardless of whether or not shared
-** cache is enabled using [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache()]. ^The
-** [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE] flag causes the database connection to not
-** participate in [shared cache mode] even if it is enabled.
-**
-** ^The fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is the name of the
-** [sqlite3_vfs] object that defines the operating system interface that
-** the new database connection should use. ^If the fourth parameter is
-** a NULL pointer then the default [sqlite3_vfs] object is used.
-**
-** ^If the filename is ":memory:", then a private, temporary in-memory database
-** is created for the connection. ^This in-memory database will vanish when
-** the database connection is closed. Future versions of SQLite might
-** make use of additional special filenames that begin with the ":" character.
-** It is recommended that when a database filename actually does begin with
-** a ":" character you should prefix the filename with a pathname such as
-** "./" to avoid ambiguity.
-**
-** ^If the filename is an empty string, then a private, temporary
-** on-disk database will be created. ^This private database will be
-** automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed.
-**
-** [[URI filenames in sqlite3_open()]] <h3>URI Filenames</h3>
-**
-** ^If [URI filename] interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument
-** begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. ^URI
-** filename interpretation is enabled if the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is
-** set in the fourth argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
-** been enabled globally using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_URI] option with the
-** [sqlite3_config()] method or by the [SQLITE_USE_URI] compile-time option.
-** As of SQLite version 3.7.7, URI filename interpretation is turned off
-** by default, but future releases of SQLite might enable URI filename
-** interpretation by default. See "[URI filenames]" for additional
-** information.
-**
-** URI filenames are parsed according to RFC 3986. ^If the URI contains an
-** authority, then it must be either an empty string or the string
-** "localhost". ^If the authority is not an empty string or "localhost", an
-** error is returned to the caller. ^The fragment component of a URI, if
-** present, is ignored.
-**
-** ^SQLite uses the path component of the URI as the name of the disk file
-** which contains the database. ^If the path begins with a '/' character,
-** then it is interpreted as an absolute path. ^If the path does not begin
-** with a '/' (meaning that the authority section is omitted from the URI)
-** then the path is interpreted as a relative path.
-** ^On windows, the first component of an absolute path
-** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").
-**
-** [[core URI query parameters]]
-** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
-** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
-** SQLite interprets the following three query parameters:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
-** a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should
-** be used to access the database file on disk. ^If this option is set to
-** an empty string the default VFS object is used. ^Specifying an unknown
-** VFS is an error. ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is
-** present, then the VFS specified by the option takes precedence over
-** the value passed as the fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2().
-**
-** <li> <b>mode</b>: ^(The mode parameter may be set to either "ro", "rw",
-** "rwc", or "memory". Attempting to set it to any other value is
-** an error)^.
-** ^If "ro" is specified, then the database is opened for read-only
-** access, just as if the [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY] flag had been set in the
-** third argument to sqlite3_prepare_v2(). ^If the mode option is set to
-** "rw", then the database is opened for read-write (but not create)
-** access, as if SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE (but not SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE) had
-** been set. ^Value "rwc" is equivalent to setting both
-** SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE and SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE. ^If the mode option is
-** set to "memory" then a pure [in-memory database] that never reads
-** or writes from disk is used. ^It is an error to specify a value for
-** the mode parameter that is less restrictive than that specified by
-** the flags passed in the third parameter to sqlite3_open_v2().
-**
-** <li> <b>cache</b>: ^The cache parameter may be set to either "shared" or
-** "private". ^Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the
-** SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to
-** sqlite3_open_v2(). ^Setting the cache parameter to "private" is
-** equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit.
-** ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
-** a URI filename, its value overrides any behaviour requested by setting
-** SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
-** </ul>
-**
-** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
-** error. Future versions of SQLite might understand additional query
-** parameters. See "[query parameters with special meaning to SQLite]" for
-** additional information.
-**
-** [[URI filename examples]] <h3>URI filename examples</h3>
-**
-** <table border="1" align=center cellpadding=5>
-** <tr><th> URI filenames <th> Results
-** <tr><td> file:data.db <td>
-** Open the file "data.db" in the current directory.
-** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db<br>
-** file:///home/fred/data.db <br>
-** file://localhost/home/fred/data.db <br> <td>
-** Open the database file "/home/fred/data.db".
-** <tr><td> file://darkstar/home/fred/data.db <td>
-** An error. "darkstar" is not a recognized authority.
-** <tr><td style="white-space:nowrap">
-** file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/fred/Desktop/data.db
-** <td> Windows only: Open the file "data.db" on fred's desktop on drive
-** C:. Note that the %20 escaping in this example is not strictly
-** necessary - space characters can be used literally
-** in URI filenames.
-** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=ro&cache=private <td>
-** Open file "data.db" in the current directory for read-only access.
-** Regardless of whether or not shared-cache mode is enabled by
-** default, use a private cache.
-** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-nolock <td>
-** Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-nolock".
-** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=readonly <td>
-** An error. "readonly" is not a valid option for the "mode" parameter.
-** </table>
-**
-** ^URI hexadecimal escape sequences (%HH) are supported within the path and
-** query components of a URI. A hexadecimal escape sequence consists of a
-** percent sign - "%" - followed by exactly two hexadecimal digits
-** specifying an octet value. ^Before the path or query components of a
-** URI filename are interpreted, they are encoded using UTF-8 and all
-** hexadecimal escape sequences replaced by a single byte containing the
-** corresponding octet. If this process generates an invalid UTF-8 encoding,
-** the results are undefined.
-**
-** <b>Note to Windows users:</b> The encoding used for the filename argument
-** of sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() must be UTF-8, not whatever
-** codepage is currently defined. Filenames containing international
-** characters must be converted to UTF-8 prior to passing them into
-** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
- const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
- sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open16(
- const void *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
- sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
- const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
- sqlite3 **ppDb, /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
- int flags, /* Flags */
- const char *zVfs /* Name of VFS module to use */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Obtain Values For URI Parameters
-**
-** These are utility routines, useful to VFS implementations, that check
-** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query
-** parameter, and if so obtains the value of that query parameter.
-**
-** If F is the database filename pointer passed into the xOpen() method of
-** a VFS implementation when the flags parameter to xOpen() has one or
-** more of the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] or [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB] bits set and
-** P is the name of the query parameter, then
-** sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns the value of the P
-** parameter if it exists or a NULL pointer if P does not appear as a
-** query parameter on F. If P is a query parameter of F
-** has no explicit value, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns
-** a pointer to an empty string.
-**
-** The sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routine assumes that P is a boolean
-** parameter and returns true (1) or false (0) according to the value
-** of P. The sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routine returns true (1) if the
-** value of query parameter P is one of "yes", "true", or "on" in any
-** case or if the value begins with a non-zero number. The
-** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routines returns false (0) if the value of
-** query parameter P is one of "no", "false", or "off" in any case or
-** if the value begins with a numeric zero. If P is not a query
-** parameter on F or if the value of P is does not match any of the
-** above, then sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns (B!=0).
-**
-** The sqlite3_uri_int64(F,P,D) routine converts the value of P into a
-** 64-bit signed integer and returns that integer, or D if P does not
-** exist. If the value of P is something other than an integer, then
-** zero is returned.
-**
-** If F is a NULL pointer, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns NULL and
-** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns B. If F is not a NULL pointer and
-** is not a database file pathname pointer that SQLite passed into the xOpen
-** VFS method, then the behavior of this routine is undefined and probably
-** undesirable.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
-** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
-** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
-** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
-** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined. ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
-** interface is the same except that it always returns the
-** [extended result code] even when extended result codes are
-** disabled.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-language
-** text that describes the error, as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively.
-** ^(Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally.
-** The application does not need to worry about freeing the result.
-** However, the error string might be overwritten or deallocated by
-** subsequent calls to other SQLite interface functions.)^
-**
-** When the serialized [threading mode] is in use, it might be the
-** case that a second error occurs on a separate thread in between
-** the time of the first error and the call to these interfaces.
-** When that happens, the second error will be reported since these
-** interfaces always report the most recent result. To avoid
-** this, each thread can obtain exclusive use of the [database connection] D
-** by invoking [sqlite3_mutex_enter]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) before beginning
-** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
-** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
-**
-** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
-** was invoked incorrectly by the application. In that case, the
-** error code and message may or may not be set.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object
-** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
-**
-** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
-** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
-** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
-**
-** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
-**
-** <ol>
-** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
-** function.
-** <li> Bind values to [host parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
-** interfaces.
-** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
-** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
-** to step 2. Do this zero or more times.
-** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
-** </ol>
-**
-** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
-** information.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits
-**
-** ^(This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
-** on a connection by connection basis. The first parameter is the
-** [database connection] whose limit is to be set or queried. The
-** second parameter is one of the [limit categories] that define a
-** class of constructs to be size limited. The third parameter is the
-** new limit for that construct.)^
-**
-** ^If the new limit is a negative number, the limit is unchanged.
-** ^(For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_<i>NAME</i> there is a
-** [limits | hard upper bound]
-** set at compile-time by a C preprocessor macro called
-** [limits | SQLITE_MAX_<i>NAME</i>].
-** (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to "_MAX_".))^
-** ^Attempts to increase a limit above its hard upper bound are
-** silently truncated to the hard upper bound.
-**
-** ^Regardless of whether or not the limit was changed, the
-** [sqlite3_limit()] interface returns the prior value of the limit.
-** ^Hence, to find the current value of a limit without changing it,
-** simply invoke this interface with the third parameter set to -1.
-**
-** Run-time limits are intended for use in applications that manage
-** both their own internal database and also databases that are controlled
-** by untrusted external sources. An example application might be a
-** web browser that has its own databases for storing history and
-** separate databases controlled by JavaScript applications downloaded
-** off the Internet. The internal databases can be given the
-** large, default limits. Databases managed by external sources can
-** be given much smaller limits designed to prevent a denial of service
-** attack. Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
-** interface to further control untrusted SQL. The size of the database
-** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
-** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
-**
-** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories
-** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {*limit categories}
-**
-** These constants define various performance limits
-** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
-** The synopsis of the meanings of the various limits is shown below.
-** Additional information is available at [limits | Limits in SQLite].
-**
-** <dl>
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum size of any string or BLOB or table row, in bytes.<dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum length of an SQL statement, in bytes.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum number of columns in a table definition or in the
-** result set of a [SELECT] or the maximum number of columns in an index
-** or in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
-** used to implement an SQL statement. This limit is not currently
-** enforced, though that might be added in some future release of
-** SQLite.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH]]
-** ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum length of the pattern argument to the [LIKE] or
-** [GLOB] operators.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]]
-** ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum index number of any [parameter] in an SQL statement.)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</dt>
-** <dd>The maximum depth of recursion for triggers.</dd>)^
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH 0
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH 1
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN 2
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH 3
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT 4
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP 5
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG 6
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED 7
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 8
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER 9
-#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 10
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
-** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
-**
-** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
-** program using one of these routines.
-**
-** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
-** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
-** [sqlite3_open16()]. The database connection must not have been closed.
-**
-** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
-** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16. The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
-** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
-** use UTF-16.
-**
-** ^If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the
-** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
-** number of bytes read from zSql. ^When nByte is non-negative, the
-** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
-** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
-** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
-** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
-** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
-** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
-** make a copy of the input string.
-**
-** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
-** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql. These routines only
-** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
-** what remains uncompiled.
-**
-** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
-** executed using [sqlite3_step()]. ^If there is an error, *ppStmt is set
-** to NULL. ^If the input text contains no SQL (if the input is an empty
-** string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL.
-** The calling procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled
-** SQL statement using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
-** ppStmt may not be NULL.
-**
-** ^On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return [SQLITE_OK];
-** otherwise an [error code] is returned.
-**
-** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
-** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained
-** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
-** ^In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
-** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
-** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
-** behave differently in three ways:
-**
-** <ol>
-** <li>
-** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
-** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
-** statement and try to run it again.
-** </li>
-**
-** <li>
-** ^When an error occurs, [sqlite3_step()] will return one of the detailed
-** [error codes] or [extended error codes]. ^The legacy behavior was that
-** [sqlite3_step()] would only return a generic [SQLITE_ERROR] result code
-** and the application would have to make a second call to [sqlite3_reset()]
-** in order to find the underlying cause of the problem. With the "v2" prepare
-** interfaces, the underlying reason for the error is returned immediately.
-** </li>
-**
-** <li>
-** ^If the specific value bound to [parameter | host parameter] in the
-** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
-** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been
-** a schema change, on the first [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
-** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter].
-** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the
-** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
-** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
-** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
-** the
-** </li>
-** </ol>
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
- const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
- int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
- sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
- const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
- const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
- int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
- sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
- const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
- const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
- int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
- sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
- const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
- const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
- int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
- sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
- const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
-**
-** ^This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
-** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
-** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
-** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
-** the content of the database file.
-**
-** Note that [application-defined SQL functions] or
-** [virtual tables] might change the database indirectly as a side effect.
-** ^(For example, if an application defines a function "eval()" that
-** calls [sqlite3_exec()], then the following SQL statement would
-** change the database file through side-effects:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** SELECT eval('DELETE FROM t1') FROM t2;
-** </pre></blockquote>
-**
-** But because the [SELECT] statement does not change the database file
-** directly, sqlite3_stmt_readonly() would still return true.)^
-**
-** ^Transaction control statements such as [BEGIN], [COMMIT], [ROLLBACK],
-** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
-** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
-** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the
-** database. ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
-** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
-** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make
-** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
-** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using
-** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has not run to completion and/or has not
-** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)]. ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
-** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer. If S is not a
-** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
-** object, then the behavior is undefined and probably undesirable.
-**
-** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
-** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database
-** connection that are in need of being reset. This can be used,
-** for example, in diagnostic routines to search for prepared
-** statements that are holding a transaction open.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object
-** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
-**
-** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
-** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
-** for the values it stores. ^Values stored in sqlite3_value objects
-** can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.
-**
-** An sqlite3_value object may be either "protected" or "unprotected".
-** Some interfaces require a protected sqlite3_value. Other interfaces
-** will accept either a protected or an unprotected sqlite3_value.
-** Every interface that accepts sqlite3_value arguments specifies
-** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.
-**
-** The terms "protected" and "unprotected" refer to whether or not
-** a mutex is held. An internal mutex is held for a protected
-** sqlite3_value object but no mutex is held for an unprotected
-** sqlite3_value object. If SQLite is compiled to be single-threaded
-** (with [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] and with [sqlite3_threadsafe()] returning 0)
-** or if SQLite is run in one of reduced mutex modes
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]
-** then there is no distinction between protected and unprotected
-** sqlite3_value objects and they can be used interchangeably. However,
-** for maximum code portability it is recommended that applications
-** still make the distinction between protected and unprotected
-** sqlite3_value objects even when not strictly required.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the
-** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
-** ^The sqlite3_value object returned by
-** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
-** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used with
-** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].
-** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
-** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
-*/
-typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object
-**
-** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
-** sqlite3_context object. ^A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
-** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
-** The application-defined SQL function implementation will pass this
-** pointer through into calls to [sqlite3_result_int | sqlite3_result()],
-** [sqlite3_aggregate_context()], [sqlite3_user_data()],
-** [sqlite3_context_db_handle()], [sqlite3_get_auxdata()],
-** and/or [sqlite3_set_auxdata()].
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements
-** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
-** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
-**
-** ^(In the SQL statement text input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
-** literals may be replaced by a [parameter] that matches one of following
-** templates:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> ?
-** <li> ?NNN
-** <li> :VVV
-** <li> @VVV
-** <li> $VVV
-** </ul>
-**
-** In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal,
-** and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifier.)^ ^The values of these
-** parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters")
-** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
-**
-** ^The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always
-** a pointer to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants.
-**
-** ^The second argument is the index of the SQL parameter to be set.
-** ^The leftmost SQL parameter has an index of 1. ^When the same named
-** SQL parameter is used more than once, second and subsequent
-** occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence.
-** ^The index for named parameters can be looked up using the
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()] API if desired. ^The index
-** for "?NNN" parameters is the value of NNN.
-** ^The NNN value must be between 1 and the [sqlite3_limit()]
-** parameter [SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] (default value: 999).
-**
-** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
-**
-** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
-** number of bytes in the parameter. To be clear: the value is the
-** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
-** ^If the fourth parameter is negative, the length of the string is
-** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
-** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
-** or sqlite3_bind_text16() then that parameter must be the byte offset
-** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
-** terminated. If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than
-** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
-** contain embedded NULs. The result of expressions involving strings
-** with embedded NULs is undefined.
-**
-** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
-** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
-** string after SQLite has finished with it. ^The destructor is called
-** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
-** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.
-** ^If the fifth argument is
-** the special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then SQLite assumes that the
-** information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.
-** ^If the fifth argument has the value [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], then
-** SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before
-** the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
-** is filled with zeroes. ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
-** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
-** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
-** content is later written using
-** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
-** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
-**
-** ^If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer
-** for the [prepared statement] or with a prepared statement for which
-** [sqlite3_step()] has been called more recently than [sqlite3_reset()],
-** then the call will return [SQLITE_MISUSE]. If any sqlite3_bind_()
-** routine is passed a [prepared statement] that has been finalized, the
-** result is undefined and probably harmful.
-**
-** ^Bindings are not cleared by the [sqlite3_reset()] routine.
-** ^Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_bind_* routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an
-** [error code] if anything goes wrong.
-** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
-** index is out of range. ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
-**
-** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
-** in a [prepared statement]. SQL parameters are tokens of the
-** form "?", "?NNN", ":AAA", "$AAA", or "@AAA" that serve as
-** placeholders for values that are [sqlite3_bind_blob | bound]
-** to the parameters at a later time.
-**
-** ^(This routine actually returns the index of the largest (rightmost)
-** parameter. For all forms except ?NNN, this will correspond to the
-** number of unique parameters. If parameters of the ?NNN form are used,
-** there may be gaps in the list.)^
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
-** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
-** ^(SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
-** have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
-** respectively.
-** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?"
-** is included as part of the name.)^
-** ^Parameters of the form "?" without a following integer have no name
-** and are referred to as "nameless" or "anonymous parameters".
-**
-** ^The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
-**
-** ^If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is
-** nameless, then NULL is returned. ^The returned string is
-** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
-** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
-** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
-**
-** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name. ^The
-** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
-** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()]. ^A zero
-** is returned if no matching parameter is found. ^The parameter
-** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
-** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
-**
-** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
-** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
-** ^Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
-**
-** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
-** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
-** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
-**
-** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
-** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement. ^The sqlite3_column_name()
-** interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string
-** and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated
-** UTF-16 string. ^The first parameter is the [prepared statement]
-** that implements the [SELECT] statement. ^The second parameter is the
-** column number. ^The leftmost column is number 0.
-**
-** ^The returned string pointer is valid until either the [prepared statement]
-** is destroyed by [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the statement is automatically
-** reprepared by the first call to [sqlite3_step()] for a particular run
-** or until the next call to
-** sqlite3_column_name() or sqlite3_column_name16() on the same column.
-**
-** ^If sqlite3_malloc() fails during the processing of either routine
-** (for example during a conversion from UTF-8 to UTF-16) then a
-** NULL pointer is returned.
-**
-** ^The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
-** that column, if there is an AS clause. If there is no AS clause
-** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
-** one release of SQLite to the next.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
-**
-** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
-** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
-** [SELECT] statement.
-** ^The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
-** either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string. ^The _database_ routines return
-** the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and
-** the origin_ routines return the column name.
-** ^The returned string is valid until the [prepared statement] is destroyed
-** using [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the statement is automatically
-** reprepared by the first call to [sqlite3_step()] for a particular run
-** or until the same information is requested
-** again in a different encoding.
-**
-** ^The names returned are the original un-aliased names of the
-** database, table, and column.
-**
-** ^The first argument to these interfaces is a [prepared statement].
-** ^These functions return information about the Nth result column returned by
-** the statement, where N is the second function argument.
-** ^The left-most column is column 0 for these routines.
-**
-** ^If the Nth column returned by the statement is an expression or
-** subquery and is not a column value, then all of these functions return
-** NULL. ^These routine might also return NULL if a memory allocation error
-** occurs. ^Otherwise, they return the name of the attached database, table,
-** or column that query result column was extracted from.
-**
-** ^As with all other SQLite APIs, those whose names end with "16" return
-** UTF-16 encoded strings and the other functions return UTF-8.
-**
-** ^These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol.
-**
-** If two or more threads call one or more of these routines against the same
-** prepared statement and column at the same time then the results are
-** undefined.
-**
-** If two or more threads call one or more
-** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
-** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
-** at the same time then the results are undefined.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
-**
-** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
-** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
-** returned result set of that [SELECT] is a table column (not an
-** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
-** column is returned.)^ ^If the Nth column of the result set is an
-** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
-** ^The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded.
-**
-** ^(For example, given the database schema:
-**
-** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT);
-**
-** and the following statement to be compiled:
-**
-** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
-**
-** this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second result
-** column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column (i==0).)^
-**
-** ^SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing. ^So just because a column
-** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
-** data stored in that column is of the declared type. SQLite is
-** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static. ^Type
-** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
-** used to hold those values.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
-**
-** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
-** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
-** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
-**
-** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
-** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
-** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
-** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()]. The use of the
-** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
-** interface will continue to be supported.
-**
-** ^In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
-** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
-** ^With the "v2" interface, any of the other [result codes] or
-** [extended result codes] might be returned as well.
-**
-** ^[SQLITE_BUSY] means that the database engine was unable to acquire the
-** database locks it needs to do its job. ^If the statement is a [COMMIT]
-** or occurs outside of an explicit transaction, then you can retry the
-** statement. If the statement is not a [COMMIT] and occurs within an
-** explicit transaction then you should rollback the transaction before
-** continuing.
-**
-** ^[SQLITE_DONE] means that the statement has finished executing
-** successfully. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on this virtual
-** machine without first calling [sqlite3_reset()] to reset the virtual
-** machine back to its initial state.
-**
-** ^If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then [SQLITE_ROW]
-** is returned each time a new row of data is ready for processing by the
-** caller. The values may be accessed using the [column access functions].
-** sqlite3_step() is called again to retrieve the next row of data.
-**
-** ^[SQLITE_ERROR] means that a run-time error (such as a constraint
-** violation) has occurred. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on
-** the VM. More information may be found by calling [sqlite3_errmsg()].
-** ^With the legacy interface, a more specific error code (for example,
-** [SQLITE_INTERRUPT], [SQLITE_SCHEMA], [SQLITE_CORRUPT], and so forth)
-** can be obtained by calling [sqlite3_reset()] on the
-** [prepared statement]. ^In the "v2" interface,
-** the more specific error code is returned directly by sqlite3_step().
-**
-** [SQLITE_MISUSE] means that the this routine was called inappropriately.
-** Perhaps it was called on a [prepared statement] that has
-** already been [sqlite3_finalize | finalized] or on one that had
-** previously returned [SQLITE_ERROR] or [SQLITE_DONE]. Or it could
-** be the case that the same database connection is being used by two or
-** more threads at the same moment in time.
-**
-** For all versions of SQLite up to and including 3.6.23.1, a call to
-** [sqlite3_reset()] was required after sqlite3_step() returned anything
-** other than [SQLITE_ROW] before any subsequent invocation of
-** sqlite3_step(). Failure to reset the prepared statement using
-** [sqlite3_reset()] would result in an [SQLITE_MISUSE] return from
-** sqlite3_step(). But after version 3.6.23.1, sqlite3_step() began
-** calling [sqlite3_reset()] automatically in this circumstance rather
-** than returning [SQLITE_MISUSE]. This is not considered a compatibility
-** break because any application that ever receives an SQLITE_MISUSE error
-** is broken by definition. The [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET] compile-time option
-** can be used to restore the legacy behavior.
-**
-** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
-** API always returns a generic error code, [SQLITE_ERROR], following any
-** error other than [SQLITE_BUSY] and [SQLITE_MISUSE]. You must call
-** [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the
-** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
-** We admit that this is a goofy design. The problem has been fixed
-** with the "v2" interface. If you prepare all of your SQL statements
-** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
-** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
-** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
-** by sqlite3_step(). The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
-** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
-** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
-** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
-** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
-** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.
-** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to
-** [sqlite3_step](P) returned [SQLITE_DONE]. ^The sqlite3_data_count(P)
-** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
-** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
-** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
-** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
-** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
-**
-** ^(Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> 64-bit signed integer
-** <li> 64-bit IEEE floating point number
-** <li> string
-** <li> BLOB
-** <li> NULL
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** These constants are codes for each of those types.
-**
-** Note that the SQLITE_TEXT constant was also used in SQLite version 2
-** for a completely different meaning. Software that links against both
-** SQLite version 2 and SQLite version 3 should use SQLITE3_TEXT, not
-** SQLITE_TEXT.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_INTEGER 1
-#define SQLITE_FLOAT 2
-#define SQLITE_BLOB 4
-#define SQLITE_NULL 5
-#ifdef SQLITE_TEXT
-# undef SQLITE_TEXT
-#else
-# define SQLITE_TEXT 3
-#endif
-#define SQLITE3_TEXT 3
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
-** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
-**
-** These routines form the "result set" interface.
-**
-** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
-** result row of a query. ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
-** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
-** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
-** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
-** should be returned. ^The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
-** ^The number of columns in the result can be determined using
-** [sqlite3_column_count()].
-**
-** If the SQL statement does not currently point to a valid row, or if the
-** column index is out of range, the result is undefined.
-** These routines may only be called when the most recent call to
-** [sqlite3_step()] has returned [SQLITE_ROW] and neither
-** [sqlite3_reset()] nor [sqlite3_finalize()] have been called subsequently.
-** If any of these routines are called after [sqlite3_reset()] or
-** [sqlite3_finalize()] or after [sqlite3_step()] has returned
-** something other than [SQLITE_ROW], the results are undefined.
-** If [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]
-** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
-** are pending, then the results are undefined.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
-** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
-** of the result column. ^The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
-** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL]. The value
-** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
-** conversions have occurred as described below. After a type conversion,
-** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined. Future
-** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
-** following a type conversion.
-**
-** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
-** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
-** ^If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
-** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
-** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
-** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
-** the number of bytes in that string.
-** ^If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes() returns zero.
-**
-** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-16 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes16()
-** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
-** ^If the result is a UTF-8 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() converts
-** the string to UTF-16 and then returns the number of bytes.
-** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes16() uses
-** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-16 string and returns
-** the number of bytes in that string.
-** ^If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() returns zero.
-**
-** ^The values returned by [sqlite3_column_bytes()] and
-** [sqlite3_column_bytes16()] do not include the zero terminators at the end
-** of the string. ^For clarity: the values returned by
-** [sqlite3_column_bytes()] and [sqlite3_column_bytes16()] are the number of
-** bytes in the string, not the number of characters.
-**
-** ^Strings returned by sqlite3_column_text() and sqlite3_column_text16(),
-** even empty strings, are always zero-terminated. ^The return
-** value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
-** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object. An unprotected sqlite3_value object
-** may only be used with [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
-** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
-** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
-** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
-** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], then the behavior is undefined.
-**
-** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate. ^For
-** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
-** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
-** conversion automatically. ^(The following table details the conversions
-** that are applied:
-**
-** <blockquote>
-** <table border="1">
-** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th> Conversion
-**
-** <tr><td> NULL <td> INTEGER <td> Result is 0
-** <tr><td> NULL <td> FLOAT <td> Result is 0.0
-** <tr><td> NULL <td> TEXT <td> Result is NULL pointer
-** <tr><td> NULL <td> BLOB <td> Result is NULL pointer
-** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> FLOAT <td> Convert from integer to float
-** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
-** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> BLOB <td> Same as INTEGER->TEXT
-** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> INTEGER <td> Convert from float to integer
-** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the float
-** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> BLOB <td> Same as FLOAT->TEXT
-** <tr><td> TEXT <td> INTEGER <td> Use atoi()
-** <tr><td> TEXT <td> FLOAT <td> Use atof()
-** <tr><td> TEXT <td> BLOB <td> No change
-** <tr><td> BLOB <td> INTEGER <td> Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
-** <tr><td> BLOB <td> FLOAT <td> Convert to TEXT then use atof()
-** <tr><td> BLOB <td> TEXT <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
-** </table>
-** </blockquote>)^
-**
-** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
-** and atof(). SQLite does not really use these functions. It has its
-** own equivalent internal routines. The atoi() and atof() names are
-** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
-** C programmers.
-**
-** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
-** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
-** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated.
-** Type conversions and pointer invalidations might occur
-** in the following cases:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> The initial content is a BLOB and sqlite3_column_text() or
-** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. A zero-terminator might
-** need to be added to the string.</li>
-** <li> The initial content is UTF-8 text and sqlite3_column_bytes16() or
-** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. The content must be converted
-** to UTF-16.</li>
-** <li> The initial content is UTF-16 text and sqlite3_column_bytes() or
-** sqlite3_column_text() is called. The content must be converted
-** to UTF-8.</li>
-** </ul>
-**
-** ^Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do
-** not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer
-** that the prior pointer references will have been modified. Other kinds
-** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometimes they
-** are not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.
-**
-** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
-** in one of the following ways:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li>sqlite3_column_text() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
-** <li>sqlite3_column_blob() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
-** <li>sqlite3_column_text16() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes16()</li>
-** </ul>
-**
-** In other words, you should call sqlite3_column_text(),
-** sqlite3_column_blob(), or sqlite3_column_text16() first to force the result
-** into the desired format, then invoke sqlite3_column_bytes() or
-** sqlite3_column_bytes16() to find the size of the result. Do not mix calls
-** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
-** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
-** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
-**
-** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
-** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
-** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called. ^The memory space used to hold strings
-** and BLOBs is freed automatically. Do <b>not</b> pass the pointers returned
-** [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
-** [sqlite3_free()].
-**
-** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
-** of these routines, a default value is returned. The default value
-** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
-** pointer. Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
-** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
-** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
-** or if the statement is never been evaluated, then sqlite3_finalize() returns
-** SQLITE_OK. ^If the most recent evaluation of statement S failed, then
-** sqlite3_finalize(S) returns the appropriate [error code] or
-** [extended error code].
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_finalize(S) routine can be called at any point during
-** the life cycle of [prepared statement] S:
-** before statement S is ever evaluated, after
-** one or more calls to [sqlite3_reset()], or after any call
-** to [sqlite3_step()] regardless of whether or not the statement has
-** completed execution.
-**
-** ^Invoking sqlite3_finalize() on a NULL pointer is a harmless no-op.
-**
-** The application must finalize every [prepared statement] in order to avoid
-** resource leaks. It is a grievous error for the application to try to use
-** a prepared statement after it has been finalized. Any use of a prepared
-** statement after it has been finalized can result in undefined and
-** undesirable behavior such as segfaults and heap corruption.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
-**
-** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
-** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
-** ^Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
-** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
-** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface resets the [prepared statement] S
-** back to the beginning of its program.
-**
-** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
-** [prepared statement] S returned [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE],
-** or if [sqlite3_step(S)] has never before been called on S,
-** then [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns [SQLITE_OK].
-**
-** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
-** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
-** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
-** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
-** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
-** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
-** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
-**
-** ^These functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
-** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
-** of existing SQL functions or aggregates. The only differences between
-** these routines are the text encoding expected for
-** the second parameter (the name of the function being created)
-** and the presence or absence of a destructor callback for
-** the application data pointer.
-**
-** ^The first parameter is the [database connection] to which the SQL
-** function is to be added. ^If an application uses more than one database
-** connection then application-defined SQL functions must be added
-** to each database connection separately.
-**
-** ^The second parameter is the name of the SQL function to be created or
-** redefined. ^The length of the name is limited to 255 bytes in a UTF-8
-** representation, exclusive of the zero-terminator. ^Note that the name
-** length limit is in UTF-8 bytes, not characters nor UTF-16 bytes.
-** ^Any attempt to create a function with a longer name
-** will result in [SQLITE_MISUSE] being returned.
-**
-** ^The third parameter (nArg)
-** is the number of arguments that the SQL function or
-** aggregate takes. ^If this parameter is -1, then the SQL function or
-** aggregate may take any number of arguments between 0 and the limit
-** set by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]). If the third
-** parameter is less than -1 or greater than 127 then the behavior is
-** undefined.
-**
-** ^The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what
-** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
-** its parameters. Every SQL function implementation must be able to work
-** with UTF-8, UTF-16le, or UTF-16be. But some implementations may be
-** more efficient with one encoding than another. ^An application may
-** invoke sqlite3_create_function() or sqlite3_create_function16() multiple
-** times with the same function but with different values of eTextRep.
-** ^When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite
-** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
-** If there is only a single implementation which does not care what text
-** encoding is used, then the fourth argument should be [SQLITE_ANY].
-**
-** ^(The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer. The implementation of the
-** function can gain access to this pointer using [sqlite3_user_data()].)^
-**
-** ^The sixth, seventh and eighth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
-** pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL function or
-** aggregate. ^A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of the xFunc
-** callback only; NULL pointers must be passed as the xStep and xFinal
-** parameters. ^An aggregate SQL function requires an implementation of xStep
-** and xFinal and NULL pointer must be passed for xFunc. ^To delete an existing
-** SQL function or aggregate, pass NULL pointers for all three function
-** callbacks.
-**
-** ^(If the ninth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2() is not NULL,
-** then it is destructor for the application data pointer.
-** The destructor is invoked when the function is deleted, either by being
-** overloaded or when the database connection closes.)^
-** ^The destructor is also invoked if the call to
-** sqlite3_create_function_v2() fails.
-** ^When the destructor callback of the tenth parameter is invoked, it
-** is passed a single argument which is a copy of the application data
-** pointer which was the fifth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2().
-**
-** ^It is permitted to register multiple implementations of the same
-** functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of
-** arguments or differing preferred text encodings. ^SQLite will use
-** the implementation that most closely matches the way in which the
-** SQL function is used. ^A function implementation with a non-negative
-** nArg parameter is a better match than a function implementation with
-** a negative nArg. ^A function where the preferred text encoding
-** matches the database encoding is a better
-** match than a function where the encoding is different.
-** ^A function where the encoding difference is between UTF16le and UTF16be
-** is a closer match than a function where the encoding difference is
-** between UTF8 and UTF16.
-**
-** ^Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
-**
-** ^An application-defined function is permitted to call other
-** SQLite interfaces. However, such calls must not
-** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
-** statement in which the function is running.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
- sqlite3 *db,
- const char *zFunctionName,
- int nArg,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pApp,
- void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function16(
- sqlite3 *db,
- const void *zFunctionName,
- int nArg,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pApp,
- void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function_v2(
- sqlite3 *db,
- const char *zFunctionName,
- int nArg,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pApp,
- void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
- void(*xDestroy)(void*)
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
-**
-** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
-** text encodings supported by SQLite.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_UTF8 1
-#define SQLITE_UTF16LE 2
-#define SQLITE_UTF16BE 3
-#define SQLITE_UTF16 4 /* Use native byte order */
-#define SQLITE_ANY 5 /* sqlite3_create_function only */
-#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED 8 /* sqlite3_create_collation only */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Functions
-** DEPRECATED
-**
-** These functions are [deprecated]. In order to maintain
-** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue
-** to be supported. However, new applications should avoid
-** the use of these functions. To help encourage people to avoid
-** using these functions, we are not going to tell you what they do.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),void*,sqlite3_int64);
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values
-**
-** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
-** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
-** the function or aggregate.
-**
-** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
-** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
-** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
-** The 3rd parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
-** [protected sqlite3_value] objects. There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
-** each parameter to the SQL function. These routines are used to
-** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
-**
-** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
-** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
-** object results in undefined behavior.
-**
-** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
-** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
-** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
-** in the native byte-order of the host machine. ^The
-** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
-** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
-**
-** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
-** numeric affinity to the value. This means that an attempt is
-** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point. If
-** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other
-** words, if the value is a string that looks like a number)
-** then the conversion is performed. Otherwise no conversion occurs.
-** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.)^
-**
-** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
-** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
-** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
-** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
-** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
-**
-** These routines must be called from the same thread as
-** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
-**
-** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
-** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
-**
-** ^The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called
-** for a particular aggregate function, SQLite
-** allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer
-** to the new memory. ^On second and subsequent calls to
-** sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function instance,
-** the same buffer is returned. Sqlite3_aggregate_context() is normally
-** called once for each invocation of the xStep callback and then one
-** last time when the xFinal callback is invoked. ^(When no rows match
-** an aggregate query, the xStep() callback of the aggregate function
-** implementation is never called and xFinal() is called exactly once.
-** In those cases, sqlite3_aggregate_context() might be called for the
-** first time from within xFinal().)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine returns a NULL pointer if N is
-** less than or equal to zero or if a memory allocate error occurs.
-**
-** ^(The amount of space allocated by sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) is
-** determined by the N parameter on first successful call. Changing the
-** value of N in subsequent call to sqlite3_aggregate_context() within
-** the same aggregate function instance will not resize the memory
-** allocation.)^
-**
-** ^SQLite automatically frees the memory allocated by
-** sqlite3_aggregate_context() when the aggregate query concludes.
-**
-** The first parameter must be a copy of the
-** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
-** to the xStep or xFinal callback routine that implements the aggregate
-** function.
-**
-** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
-** the aggregate SQL function is running.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
-** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
-** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
-** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
-** registered the application defined function.
-**
-** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
-** the application-defined function is running.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
-** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
-** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
-** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
-** registered the application defined function.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
-**
-** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
-** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
-** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
-** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
-** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
-** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
-** metadata associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
-** pattern. The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
-** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
-** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
-** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
-** value to the application-defined function. ^If no metadata has been ever
-** been set for the Nth argument of the function, or if the corresponding
-** function parameter has changed since the meta-data was set,
-** then sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface saves the metadata
-** pointed to by its 3rd parameter as the metadata for the N-th
-** argument of the application-defined function. Subsequent
-** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata() might return this data, if it has
-** not been destroyed.
-** ^If it is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor
-** function given by the 4th parameter to sqlite3_set_auxdata() on
-** the metadata when the corresponding function parameter changes
-** or when the SQL statement completes, whichever comes first.
-**
-** SQLite is free to call the destructor and drop metadata on any
-** parameter of any function at any time. ^The only guarantee is that
-** the destructor will be called before the metadata is dropped.
-**
-** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
-** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
-** values and [parameters].)^
-**
-** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
-** the SQL function is running.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
-**
-** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
-** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()]. ^If the destructor
-** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
-** and will never change. It does not need to be destroyed. ^The
-** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
-** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
-** the content before returning.
-**
-** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
-** C++ compilers. See ticket #2191.
-*/
-typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
-#define SQLITE_STATIC ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
-#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function
-**
-** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
-** implement SQL functions and aggregates. See
-** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
-** for additional information.
-**
-** These functions work very much like the [parameter binding] family of
-** functions used to bind values to host parameters in prepared statements.
-** Refer to the [SQL parameter] documentation for additional information.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_blob() interface sets the result from
-** an application-defined function to be the BLOB whose content is pointed
-** to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the
-** third parameter.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero
-** bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from
-** an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified
-** by its 2nd argument.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions
-** cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception.
-** ^SQLite uses the string pointed to by the
-** 2nd parameter of sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16()
-** as the text of an error message. ^SQLite interprets the error
-** message string from sqlite3_result_error() as UTF-8. ^SQLite
-** interprets the string from sqlite3_result_error16() as UTF-16 in native
-** byte order. ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error()
-** or sqlite3_result_error16() is negative then SQLite takes as the error
-** message all text up through the first zero character.
-** ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or
-** sqlite3_result_error16() is non-negative then SQLite takes that many
-** bytes (not characters) from the 2nd parameter as the error message.
-** ^The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16()
-** routines make a private copy of the error message text before
-** they return. Hence, the calling function can deallocate or
-** modify the text after they return without harm.
-** ^The sqlite3_result_error_code() function changes the error code
-** returned by SQLite as a result of an error in a function. ^By default,
-** the error code is SQLITE_ERROR. ^A subsequent call to sqlite3_result_error()
-** or sqlite3_result_error16() resets the error code to SQLITE_ERROR.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_toobig() interface causes SQLite to throw an error
-** indicating that a string or BLOB is too long to represent.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_nomem() interface causes SQLite to throw an error
-** indicating that a memory allocation failed.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_int() interface sets the return value
-** of the application-defined function to be the 32-bit signed integer
-** value given in the 2nd argument.
-** ^The sqlite3_result_int64() interface sets the return value
-** of the application-defined function to be the 64-bit signed integer
-** value given in the 2nd argument.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_null() interface sets the return value
-** of the application-defined function to be NULL.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_text(), sqlite3_result_text16(),
-** sqlite3_result_text16le(), and sqlite3_result_text16be() interfaces
-** set the return value of the application-defined function to be
-** a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order,
-** UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively.
-** ^SQLite takes the text result from the application from
-** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
-** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
-** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
-** through the first zero character.
-** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
-** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
-** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
-** function result. If the 3rd parameter is non-negative, then it
-** must be the byte offset into the string where the NUL terminator would
-** appear if the string where NUL terminated. If any NUL characters occur
-** in the string at a byte offset that is less than the value of the 3rd
-** parameter, then the resulting string will contain embedded NULs and the
-** result of expressions operating on strings with embedded NULs is undefined.
-** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
-** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
-** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
-** finished using that result.
-** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
-** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
-** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
-** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
-** when it has finished using that result.
-** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
-** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
-** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
-** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a copy the
-** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter. ^The
-** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
-** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
-** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
-** ^A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
-** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
-** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
-**
-** If these routines are called from within the different thread
-** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
-** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
-**
-** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
-** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
-**
-** ^The name of the collation is a UTF-8 string
-** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
-** and a UTF-16 string in native byte order for sqlite3_create_collation16().
-** ^Collation names that compare equal according to [sqlite3_strnicmp()] are
-** considered to be the same name.
-**
-** ^(The third argument (eTextRep) must be one of the constants:
-** <ul>
-** <li> [SQLITE_UTF8],
-** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16LE],
-** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
-** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16], or
-** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED].
-** </ul>)^
-** ^The eTextRep argument determines the encoding of strings passed
-** to the collating function callback, xCallback.
-** ^The [SQLITE_UTF16] and [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] values for eTextRep
-** force strings to be UTF16 with native byte order.
-** ^The [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] value for eTextRep forces strings to begin
-** on an even byte address.
-**
-** ^The fourth argument, pArg, is an application data pointer that is passed
-** through as the first argument to the collating function callback.
-**
-** ^The fifth argument, xCallback, is a pointer to the collating function.
-** ^Multiple collating functions can be registered using the same name but
-** with different eTextRep parameters and SQLite will use whichever
-** function requires the least amount of data transformation.
-** ^If the xCallback argument is NULL then the collating function is
-** deleted. ^When all collating functions having the same name are deleted,
-** that collation is no longer usable.
-**
-** ^The collating function callback is invoked with a copy of the pArg
-** application data pointer and with two strings in the encoding specified
-** by the eTextRep argument. The collating function must return an
-** integer that is negative, zero, or positive
-** if the first string is less than, equal to, or greater than the second,
-** respectively. A collating function must always return the same answer
-** given the same inputs. If two or more collating functions are registered
-** to the same collation name (using different eTextRep values) then all
-** must give an equivalent answer when invoked with equivalent strings.
-** The collating function must obey the following properties for all
-** strings A, B, and C:
-**
-** <ol>
-** <li> If A==B then B==A.
-** <li> If A==B and B==C then A==C.
-** <li> If A&lt;B THEN B&gt;A.
-** <li> If A&lt;B and B&lt;C then A&lt;C.
-** </ol>
-**
-** If a collating function fails any of the above constraints and that
-** collating function is registered and used, then the behavior of SQLite
-** is undefined.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() works like sqlite3_create_collation()
-** with the addition that the xDestroy callback is invoked on pArg when
-** the collating function is deleted.
-** ^Collating functions are deleted when they are overridden by later
-** calls to the collation creation functions or when the
-** [database connection] is closed using [sqlite3_close()].
-**
-** ^The xDestroy callback is <u>not</u> called if the
-** sqlite3_create_collation_v2() function fails. Applications that invoke
-** sqlite3_create_collation_v2() with a non-NULL xDestroy argument should
-** check the return code and dispose of the application data pointer
-** themselves rather than expecting SQLite to deal with it for them.
-** This is different from every other SQLite interface. The inconsistency
-** is unfortunate but cannot be changed without breaking backwards
-** compatibility.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
- sqlite3*,
- const char *zName,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pArg,
- int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
- sqlite3*,
- const char *zName,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pArg,
- int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
- void(*xDestroy)(void*)
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation16(
- sqlite3*,
- const void *zName,
- int eTextRep,
- void *pArg,
- int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks
-**
-** ^To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
-** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
-** [database connection] to be invoked whenever an undefined collation
-** sequence is required.
-**
-** ^If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
-** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
-** encoded in UTF-8. ^If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used,
-** the names are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order.
-** ^A call to either function replaces the existing collation-needed callback.
-**
-** ^(When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
-** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
-** sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database
-** connection. The third argument is one of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
-** or [SQLITE_UTF16LE], indicating the most desirable form of the collation
-** sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the
-** required collation sequence.)^
-**
-** The callback function should register the desired collation using
-** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
-** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
- sqlite3*,
- void*,
- void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
- sqlite3*,
- void*,
- void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
-);
-
-#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
-/*
-** Specify the key for an encrypted database. This routine should be
-** called right after sqlite3_open().
-**
-** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
-** of SQLite.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
- const void *pKey, int nKey /* The key */
-);
-
-/*
-** Change the key on an open database. If the current database is not
-** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it. If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
-** database is decrypted.
-**
-** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
-** of SQLite.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
- const void *pKey, int nKey /* The new key */
-);
-
-/*
-** Specify the activation key for a SEE database. Unless
-** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
- const char *zPassPhrase /* Activation phrase */
-);
-#endif
-
-#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
-/*
-** Specify the activation key for a CEROD database. Unless
-** activated, none of the CEROD routines will work.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_cerod(
- const char *zPassPhrase /* Activation phrase */
-);
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time
-**
-** The sqlite3_sleep() function causes the current thread to suspend execution
-** for at least a number of milliseconds specified in its parameter.
-**
-** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with
-** millisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to
-** the nearest second. The number of milliseconds of sleep actually
-** requested from the operating system is returned.
-**
-** ^SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
-** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object. If the xSleep() method
-** of the default VFS is not implemented correctly, or not implemented at
-** all, then the behavior of sqlite3_sleep() may deviate from the description
-** in the previous paragraphs.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files
-**
-** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
-** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
-** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
-** will be placed in that directory.)^ ^If this variable
-** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
-** temporary file directory.
-**
-** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
-** thread at a time. It is not safe to read or modify this variable
-** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
-** thread.
-** It is intended that this variable be set once
-** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
-** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
-** thereafter.
-**
-** ^The [temp_store_directory pragma] may modify this variable and cause
-** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]. ^Furthermore,
-** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
-** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from
-** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
-** using [sqlite3_free].
-** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
-** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
-** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
-*/
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_temp_directory;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Database Files
-**
-** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
-** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all database files
-** specified with a relative pathname and created or accessed by
-** SQLite when using a built-in windows [sqlite3_vfs | VFS] will be assumed
-** to be relative to that directory.)^ ^If this variable is a NULL
-** pointer, then SQLite assumes that all database files specified
-** with a relative pathname are relative to the current directory
-** for the process. Only the windows VFS makes use of this global
-** variable; it is ignored by the unix VFS.
-**
-** Changing the value of this variable while a database connection is
-** open can result in a corrupt database.
-**
-** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
-** thread at a time. It is not safe to read or modify this variable
-** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
-** thread.
-** It is intended that this variable be set once
-** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
-** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
-** thereafter.
-**
-** ^The [data_store_directory pragma] may modify this variable and cause
-** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]. ^Furthermore,
-** the [data_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
-** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from
-** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
-** using [sqlite3_free].
-** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
-** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
-** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
-*/
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXTERN char *sqlite3_data_directory;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
-** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
-** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
-** respectively. ^Autocommit mode is on by default.
-** ^Autocommit mode is disabled by a [BEGIN] statement.
-** ^Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK].
-**
-** If certain kinds of errors occur on a statement within a multi-statement
-** transaction (errors including [SQLITE_FULL], [SQLITE_IOERR],
-** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], and [SQLITE_INTERRUPT]) then the
-** transaction might be rolled back automatically. The only way to
-** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
-** an error is to use this function.
-**
-** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
-** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
-** is undefined.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
-** to which a [prepared statement] belongs. ^The [database connection]
-** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection]
-** that was the first argument
-** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
-** create the statement in the first place.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
-** associated with database N of connection D. ^The main database file
-** has the name "main". If there is no attached database N on the database
-** connection D, or if database N is a temporary or in-memory database, then
-** a NULL pointer is returned.
-**
-** ^The filename returned by this function is the output of the
-** xFullPathname method of the [VFS]. ^In other words, the filename
-** will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used
-** to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname.
-*/
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
-** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
-** the name of a database on connection D.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
-**
-** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
-** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb. ^If pStmt is NULL
-** then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement
-** associated with the database connection pDb. ^If no prepared statement
-** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
-**
-** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
-** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
-** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
-** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
-** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
-** for the same database connection is overridden.
-** ^The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback
-** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [ROLLBACK | rolled back].
-** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_rollback_hook()
-** for the same database connection is overridden.
-** ^The pArg argument is passed through to the callback.
-** ^If the callback on a commit hook function returns non-zero,
-** then the commit is converted into a rollback.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook(D,C,P) and sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,C,P) functions
-** return the P argument from the previous call of the same function
-** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
-** the first call for each function on D.
-**
-** The commit and rollback hook callbacks are not reentrant.
-** The callback implementation must not do anything that will modify
-** the database connection that invoked the callback. Any actions
-** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
-** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the commit
-** or rollback hook in the first place.
-** Note that running any other SQL statements, including SELECT statements,
-** or merely calling [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] will modify
-** the database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
-**
-** ^Registering a NULL function disables the callback.
-**
-** ^When the commit hook callback routine returns zero, the [COMMIT]
-** operation is allowed to continue normally. ^If the commit hook
-** returns non-zero, then the [COMMIT] is converted into a [ROLLBACK].
-** ^The rollback hook is invoked on a rollback that results from a commit
-** hook returning non-zero, just as it would be with any other rollback.
-**
-** ^For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been
-** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
-** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
-** ^The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
-** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
-**
-** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
-** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
-** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
-** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
-** for the same database connection is overridden.
-**
-** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
-** row is updated, inserted or deleted.
-** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
-** to sqlite3_update_hook().
-** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
-** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
-** to be invoked.
-** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
-** database and table name containing the affected row.
-** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
-** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
-**
-** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
-** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
-**
-** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
-** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
-** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause. ^Nor is the update hook
-** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
-** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
-** release of SQLite.
-**
-** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
-** the database connection that invoked the update hook. Any actions
-** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
-** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the update hook.
-** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
-** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_update_hook(D,C,P) function
-** returns the P argument from the previous call
-** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
-** the first call on D.
-**
-** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()] and [sqlite3_rollback_hook()]
-** interfaces.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
- sqlite3*,
- void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
- void*
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache
-**
-** ^(This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
-** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
-** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
-** and disabled if the argument is false.)^
-**
-** ^Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.
-** This is a change as of SQLite version 3.5.0. In prior versions of SQLite,
-** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
-**
-** ^(The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
-** calls to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], and [sqlite3_open16()].
-** Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode
-** that was in effect at the time they were opened.)^
-**
-** ^(This routine returns [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was enabled or disabled
-** successfully. An [error code] is returned otherwise.)^
-**
-** ^Shared cache is disabled by default. But this might change in
-** future releases of SQLite. Applications that care about shared
-** cache setting should set it explicitly.
-**
-** See Also: [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
-** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
-** held by the database library. Memory used to cache database
-** pages to improve performance is an example of non-essential memory.
-** ^sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
-** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
-** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero
-** if SQLite is not compiled with [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_db_release_memory()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
-** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
-** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is effect even
-** when then [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
-** omitted.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the
-** soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
-** ^SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap
-** limit by reducing the number of pages held in the page cache
-** as heap memory usages approaches the limit.
-** ^The soft heap limit is "soft" because even though SQLite strives to stay
-** below the limit, it will exceed the limit rather than generate
-** an [SQLITE_NOMEM] error. In other words, the soft heap limit
-** is advisory only.
-**
-** ^The return value from sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() is the size of
-** the soft heap limit prior to the call, or negative in the case of an
-** error. ^If the argument N is negative
-** then no change is made to the soft heap limit. Hence, the current
-** size of the soft heap limit can be determined by invoking
-** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() with a negative argument.
-**
-** ^If the argument N is zero then the soft heap limit is disabled.
-**
-** ^(The soft heap limit is not enforced in the current implementation
-** if one or more of following conditions are true:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> The soft heap limit is set to zero.
-** <li> Memory accounting is disabled using a combination of the
-** [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS],...) start-time option and
-** the [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS] compile-time option.
-** <li> An alternative page cache implementation is specified using
-** [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2],...).
-** <li> The page cache allocates from its own memory pool supplied
-** by [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE],...) rather than
-** from the heap.
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** Beginning with SQLite version 3.7.3, the soft heap limit is enforced
-** regardless of whether or not the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT]
-** compile-time option is invoked. With [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT],
-** the soft heap limit is enforced on every memory allocation. Without
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT], the soft heap limit is only enforced
-** when memory is allocated by the page cache. Testing suggests that because
-** the page cache is the predominate memory user in SQLite, most
-** applications will achieve adequate soft heap limit enforcement without
-** the use of [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
-**
-** The circumstances under which SQLite will enforce the soft heap limit may
-** changes in future releases of SQLite.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Soft Heap Limit Interface
-** DEPRECATED
-**
-** This is a deprecated version of the [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
-** interface. This routine is provided for historical compatibility
-** only. All new applications should use the
-** [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()] interface rather than this one.
-*/
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
-**
-** ^This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
-** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
-** passed as the first function argument.
-**
-** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
-** this function. ^The second parameter is either the name of the database
-** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
-** table or NULL. ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
-** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
-** resolve unqualified table references.
-**
-** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
-** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
-** may be NULL.
-**
-** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
-** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
-** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
-**
-** ^(<blockquote>
-** <table border="1">
-** <tr><th> Parameter <th> Output<br>Type <th> Description
-**
-** <tr><td> 5th <td> const char* <td> Data type
-** <tr><td> 6th <td> const char* <td> Name of default collation sequence
-** <tr><td> 7th <td> int <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
-** <tr><td> 8th <td> int <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
-** <tr><td> 9th <td> int <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
-** </table>
-** </blockquote>)^
-**
-** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
-** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
-** call to any SQLite API function.
-**
-** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
-**
-** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an
-** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
-** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
-** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
-** parameters are set as follows:
-**
-** <pre>
-** data type: "INTEGER"
-** collation sequence: "BINARY"
-** not null: 0
-** primary key: 1
-** auto increment: 0
-** </pre>)^
-**
-** ^(This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
-** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
-** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
-** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).)^
-**
-** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Connection handle */
- const char *zDbName, /* Database name or NULL */
- const char *zTableName, /* Table name */
- const char *zColumnName, /* Column name */
- char const **pzDataType, /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
- char const **pzCollSeq, /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
- int *pNotNull, /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
- int *pPrimaryKey, /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
- int *pAutoinc /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
-**
-** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
-** SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile.
-**
-** ^The entry point is zProc.
-** ^zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
-** defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
-** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
-** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
-** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
-** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
-** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
-** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The calling function
-** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
-**
-** ^Extension loading must be enabled using
-** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
-** otherwise an error will be returned.
-**
-** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Load the extension into this database connection */
- const char *zFile, /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
- const char *zProc, /* Entry point. Derived from zFile if 0 */
- char **pzErrMsg /* Put error message here if not 0 */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading
-**
-** ^So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
-** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
-** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
-** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
-**
-** ^Extension loading is off by default. See ticket #1863.
-** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
-** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
-** it back off again.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load Statically Linked Extensions
-**
-** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
-** each new [database connection] that is created. The idea here is that
-** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked SQLite extension
-** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
-**
-** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
-** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
-** arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the
-** entry point where as follows:
-**
-** <blockquote><pre>
-** &nbsp; int xEntryPoint(
-** &nbsp; sqlite3 *db,
-** &nbsp; const char **pzErrMsg,
-** &nbsp; const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk
-** &nbsp; );
-** </pre></blockquote>)^
-**
-** If the xEntryPoint routine encounters an error, it should make *pzErrMsg
-** point to an appropriate error message (obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()])
-** and return an appropriate [error code]. ^SQLite ensures that *pzErrMsg
-** is NULL before calling the xEntryPoint(). ^SQLite will invoke
-** [sqlite3_free()] on *pzErrMsg after xEntryPoint() returns. ^If any
-** xEntryPoint() returns an error, the [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
-** or [sqlite3_open_v2()] call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail.
-**
-** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
-** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
-** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
-**
-** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
-** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
-
-/*
-** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
-** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
-** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
-**
-** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
-** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
-*/
-
-/*
-** Structures used by the virtual table interface
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_vtab sqlite3_vtab;
-typedef struct sqlite3_index_info sqlite3_index_info;
-typedef struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor sqlite3_vtab_cursor;
-typedef struct sqlite3_module sqlite3_module;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Object
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_module {virtual table module}
-**
-** This structure, sometimes called a "virtual table module",
-** defines the implementation of a [virtual tables].
-** This structure consists mostly of methods for the module.
-**
-** ^A virtual table module is created by filling in a persistent
-** instance of this structure and passing a pointer to that instance
-** to [sqlite3_create_module()] or [sqlite3_create_module_v2()].
-** ^The registration remains valid until it is replaced by a different
-** module or until the [database connection] closes. The content
-** of this structure must not change while it is registered with
-** any database connection.
-*/
-struct sqlite3_module {
- int iVersion;
- int (*xCreate)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
- int argc, const char *const*argv,
- sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
- int (*xConnect)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
- int argc, const char *const*argv,
- sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
- int (*xBestIndex)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info*);
- int (*xDisconnect)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor);
- int (*xClose)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
- int (*xFilter)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
- int argc, sqlite3_value **argv);
- int (*xNext)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
- int (*xEof)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
- int (*xColumn)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_context*, int);
- int (*xRowid)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_int64 *pRowid);
- int (*xUpdate)(sqlite3_vtab *, int, sqlite3_value **, sqlite3_int64 *);
- int (*xBegin)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xSync)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xCommit)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xRollback)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
- int (*xFindFunction)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, const char *zName,
- void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
- void **ppArg);
- int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
- /* The methods above are in version 1 of the sqlite_module object. Those
- ** below are for version 2 and greater. */
- int (*xSavepoint)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
- int (*xRelease)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
- int (*xRollbackTo)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info
-**
-** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used as part
-** of the [virtual table] interface to
-** pass information into and receive the reply from the [xBestIndex]
-** method of a [virtual table module]. The fields under **Inputs** are the
-** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only. xBestIndex inserts its
-** results into the **Outputs** fields.
-**
-** ^(The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form:
-**
-** <blockquote>column OP expr</blockquote>
-**
-** where OP is =, &lt;, &lt;=, &gt;, or &gt;=.)^ ^(The particular operator is
-** stored in aConstraint[].op using one of the
-** [SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ | SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ values].)^
-** ^(The index of the column is stored in
-** aConstraint[].iColumn.)^ ^(aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the
-** expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint
-** is usable) and false if it cannot.)^
-**
-** ^The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column"
-** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
-** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
-** ^The aConstraint[] array only reports WHERE clause terms that are
-** relevant to the particular virtual table being queried.
-**
-** ^Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[].
-** ^Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause.
-**
-** The [xBestIndex] method must fill aConstraintUsage[] with information
-** about what parameters to pass to xFilter. ^If argvIndex>0 then
-** the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated
-** and becomes the argvIndex-th entry in argv. ^(If aConstraintUsage[].omit
-** is true, then the constraint is assumed to be fully handled by the
-** virtual table and is not checked again by SQLite.)^
-**
-** ^The idxNum and idxPtr values are recorded and passed into the
-** [xFilter] method.
-** ^[sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only if
-** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
-**
-** ^The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
-** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
-** sorting step is required.
-**
-** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of doing the
-** particular lookup. A full scan of a table with N entries should have
-** a cost of N. A binary search of a table of N entries should have a
-** cost of approximately log(N).
-*/
-struct sqlite3_index_info {
- /* Inputs */
- int nConstraint; /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
- struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
- int iColumn; /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
- unsigned char op; /* Constraint operator */
- unsigned char usable; /* True if this constraint is usable */
- int iTermOffset; /* Used internally - xBestIndex should ignore */
- } *aConstraint; /* Table of WHERE clause constraints */
- int nOrderBy; /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
- struct sqlite3_index_orderby {
- int iColumn; /* Column number */
- unsigned char desc; /* True for DESC. False for ASC. */
- } *aOrderBy; /* The ORDER BY clause */
- /* Outputs */
- struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage {
- int argvIndex; /* if >0, constraint is part of argv to xFilter */
- unsigned char omit; /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
- } *aConstraintUsage;
- int idxNum; /* Number used to identify the index */
- char *idxStr; /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
- int needToFreeIdxStr; /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
- int orderByConsumed; /* True if output is already ordered */
- double estimatedCost; /* Estimated cost of using this index */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
-**
-** These macros defined the allowed values for the
-** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field. Each value represents
-** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
-** a query that uses a [virtual table].
-*/
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 2
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT 4
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE 8
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT 16
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE 32
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
-**
-** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
-** ^Module names must be registered before
-** creating a new [virtual table] using the module and before using a
-** preexisting [virtual table] for the module.
-**
-** ^The module name is registered on the [database connection] specified
-** by the first parameter. ^The name of the module is given by the
-** second parameter. ^The third parameter is a pointer to
-** the implementation of the [virtual table module]. ^The fourth
-** parameter is an arbitrary client data pointer that is passed through
-** into the [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of the virtual table module
-** when a new virtual table is be being created or reinitialized.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_create_module_v2() interface has a fifth parameter which
-** is a pointer to a destructor for the pClientData. ^SQLite will
-** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
-** no longer needs the pClientData pointer. ^The destructor will also
-** be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails.
-** ^The sqlite3_create_module()
-** interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL
-** destructor.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
- sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
- const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
- const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
- void *pClientData /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
- sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
- const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
- const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
- void *pClientData, /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
- void(*xDestroy)(void*) /* Module destructor function */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Instance Object
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab
-**
-** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass
-** of this object to describe a particular instance
-** of the [virtual table]. Each subclass will
-** be tailored to the specific needs of the module implementation.
-** The purpose of this superclass is to define certain fields that are
-** common to all module implementations.
-**
-** ^Virtual tables methods can set an error message by assigning a
-** string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()] to zErrMsg. The method should
-** take care that any prior string is freed by a call to [sqlite3_free()]
-** prior to assigning a new string to zErrMsg. ^After the error message
-** is delivered up to the client application, the string will be automatically
-** freed by sqlite3_free() and the zErrMsg field will be zeroed.
-*/
-struct sqlite3_vtab {
- const sqlite3_module *pModule; /* The module for this virtual table */
- int nRef; /* NO LONGER USED */
- char *zErrMsg; /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
- /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Cursor Object
-** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab_cursor {virtual table cursor}
-**
-** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass of the
-** following structure to describe cursors that point into the
-** [virtual table] and are used
-** to loop through the virtual table. Cursors are created using the
-** [sqlite3_module.xOpen | xOpen] method of the module and are destroyed
-** by the [sqlite3_module.xClose | xClose] method. Cursors are used
-** by the [xFilter], [xNext], [xEof], [xColumn], and [xRowid] methods
-** of the module. Each module implementation will define
-** the content of a cursor structure to suit its own needs.
-**
-** This superclass exists in order to define fields of the cursor that
-** are common to all implementations.
-*/
-struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor {
- sqlite3_vtab *pVtab; /* Virtual table of this cursor */
- /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table
-**
-** ^The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
-** [virtual table module] call this interface
-** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
-** the virtual tables they implement.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
-**
-** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
-** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].
-** But global versions of those functions
-** must exist in order to be overloaded.)^
-**
-** ^(This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular
-** name and number of parameters exists. If no such function exists
-** before this API is called, a new function is created.)^ ^The implementation
-** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown. So
-** the new function is not good for anything by itself. Its only
-** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
-** by a [virtual table].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
-
-/*
-** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
-** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
-** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
-** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
-**
-** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
-** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
-*/
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: A Handle To An Open BLOB
-** KEYWORDS: {BLOB handle} {BLOB handles}
-**
-** An instance of this object represents an open BLOB on which
-** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] can be performed.
-** ^Objects of this type are created by [sqlite3_blob_open()]
-** and destroyed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].
-** ^The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
-** can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB.
-** ^The [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O
-**
-** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
-** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
-** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
-**
-** <pre>
-** SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
-** </pre>)^
-**
-** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
-** and write access. ^If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
-** ^It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary
-** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is
-** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
-**
-** ^Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
-** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
-** appears after the AS keyword when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
-** ^For the main database file, the database name is "main".
-** ^For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
-**
-** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
-** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set
-** to be a null pointer.)^
-** ^This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
-** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
-** functions. ^Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
-** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
-** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.
-**
-** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
-** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
-** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
-** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
-** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
-** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
-** an expired BLOB handle fail with a return code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
-** ^(Changes written into a BLOB prior to the BLOB expiring are not
-** rolled back by the expiration of the BLOB. Such changes will eventually
-** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
-**
-** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
-** the opened blob. ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
-** interface. Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
-** blob.
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
-** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
-** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
-** this interface.
-**
-** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
-** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
- sqlite3*,
- const char *zDb,
- const char *zTable,
- const char *zColumn,
- sqlite3_int64 iRow,
- int flags,
- sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
-**
-** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
-** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
-** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
-** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
-** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
-** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
-**
-** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
-** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
-** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
-** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
-** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
-** ^All subsequent calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()], [sqlite3_blob_write()] or
-** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()] on an aborted blob handle immediately return
-** SQLITE_ABORT. ^Calling [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] on an aborted blob handle
-** always returns zero.
-**
-** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
-*/
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
-**
-** ^Closes an open [BLOB handle].
-**
-** ^Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
-** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
-** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
-** ^If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
-** until the close operation if they will fit.
-**
-** ^(Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
-** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
-** at the time when the BLOB is closed. Any errors that occur during
-** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.)^
-**
-** ^(The BLOB is closed unconditionally. Even if this routine returns
-** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.)^
-**
-** ^Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned
-** by a failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
-**
-** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the
-** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument. ^The
-** incremental blob I/O routines can only read or overwriting existing
-** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
-**
-** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
-** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
-** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
-** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
-**
-** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
-** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
-** from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
-**
-** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
-** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read. ^If N or iOffset is
-** less than zero, [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.
-** ^The size of the blob (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
-** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
-**
-** ^An attempt to read from an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
-** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
-**
-** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_read() returns SQLITE_OK.
-** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
-**
-** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
-** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
-** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
-** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
-**
-** ^This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
-** caller-supplied buffer. ^N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
-** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
-**
-** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
-** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
-** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
-**
-** ^This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
-** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
-** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
-** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. ^If N is
-** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
-** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
-** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
-**
-** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
-** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT]. ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
-** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
-** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
-** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
-** or by other independent statements.
-**
-** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
-** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
-**
-** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
-** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
-** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
-** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects
-**
-** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
-** that SQLite uses to interact
-** with the underlying operating system. Most SQLite builds come with a
-** single default VFS that is appropriate for the host computer.
-** New VFSes can be registered and existing VFSes can be unregistered.
-** The following interfaces are provided.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_vfs_find() interface returns a pointer to a VFS given its name.
-** ^Names are case sensitive.
-** ^Names are zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
-** ^If there is no match, a NULL pointer is returned.
-** ^If zVfsName is NULL then the default VFS is returned.
-**
-** ^New VFSes are registered with sqlite3_vfs_register().
-** ^Each new VFS becomes the default VFS if the makeDflt flag is set.
-** ^The same VFS can be registered multiple times without injury.
-** ^To make an existing VFS into the default VFS, register it again
-** with the makeDflt flag set. If two different VFSes with the
-** same name are registered, the behavior is undefined. If a
-** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
-** then the behavior is undefined.
-**
-** ^Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
-** ^(If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
-** the default. The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Mutexes
-**
-** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
-** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
-** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
-** permitted to use any of these routines.
-**
-** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
-** of these mutex routines. An appropriate implementation
-** is selected automatically at compile-time. ^(The following
-** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
-** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
-** a single-threaded application. ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2,
-** SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS, and SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations
-** are appropriate for use on OS/2, Unix, and Windows.
-**
-** ^(If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
-** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
-** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
-** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
-** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
-** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
-** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^If it returns NULL
-** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. ^SQLite
-** will unwind its stack and return an error. ^(The argument
-** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
-** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
-** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
-** a new mutex. ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
-** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
-** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
-** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
-** not want to. ^SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
-** cases where it really needs one. ^If a faster non-recursive mutex
-** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
-** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
-**
-** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
-** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
-** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex. ^Six static mutexes are
-** used by the current version of SQLite. Future versions of SQLite
-** may add additional static mutexes. Static mutexes are for internal
-** use by SQLite only. Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
-** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
-** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
-**
-** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
-** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
-** returns a different mutex on every call. ^But for the static
-** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
-** the same type number.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
-** allocated dynamic mutex. ^SQLite is careful to deallocate every
-** dynamic mutex that it allocates. The dynamic mutexes must not be in
-** use when they are deallocated. Attempting to deallocate a static
-** mutex results in undefined behavior. ^SQLite never deallocates
-** a static mutex.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
-** to enter a mutex. ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
-** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
-** SQLITE_BUSY. ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
-** upon successful entry. ^(Mutexes created using
-** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
-** In such cases the,
-** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
-** can enter.)^ ^(If the same thread tries to enter any other
-** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
-** SQLite will never exhibit
-** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.)^
-**
-** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
-** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try(). On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
-** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses
-** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
-** previously entered by the same thread. ^(The behavior
-** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
-** calling thread or is not currently allocated. SQLite will
-** never do either.)^
-**
-** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
-** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
-** behave as no-ops.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
-**
-** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
-** used to allocate and use mutexes.
-**
-** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
-** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
-** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
-** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
-** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
-** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
-** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
-** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
-** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
-**
-** ^The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
-** part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function.
-** ^The xMutexInit routine is called by SQLite exactly once for each
-** effective call to [sqlite3_initialize()].
-**
-** ^The xMutexEnd method defined by this structure is invoked as
-** part of system shutdown by the sqlite3_shutdown() function. The
-** implementation of this method is expected to release all outstanding
-** resources obtained by the mutex methods implementation, especially
-** those obtained by the xMutexInit method. ^The xMutexEnd()
-** interface is invoked exactly once for each call to [sqlite3_shutdown()].
-**
-** ^(The remaining seven methods defined by this structure (xMutexAlloc,
-** xMutexFree, xMutexEnter, xMutexTry, xMutexLeave, xMutexHeld and
-** xMutexNotheld) implement the following interfaces (respectively):
-**
-** <ul>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_free()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_enter()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_try()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_leave()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_held()] </li>
-** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()] </li>
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** The only difference is that the public sqlite3_XXX functions enumerated
-** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
-** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
-** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
-** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
-** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
-** it is passed a NULL pointer).
-**
-** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe. ^It must be harmless to
-** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
-** intervening calls to xMutexEnd(). Second and subsequent calls to
-** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
-**
-** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
-** and its associates). ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
-** allocation for a static mutex. ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
-** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
-**
-** ^SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
-** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
-** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
-** prior to returning.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_mutex_methods sqlite3_mutex_methods;
-struct sqlite3_mutex_methods {
- int (*xMutexInit)(void);
- int (*xMutexEnd)(void);
- sqlite3_mutex *(*xMutexAlloc)(int);
- void (*xMutexFree)(sqlite3_mutex *);
- void (*xMutexEnter)(sqlite3_mutex *);
- int (*xMutexTry)(sqlite3_mutex *);
- void (*xMutexLeave)(sqlite3_mutex *);
- int (*xMutexHeld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
- int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
-**
-** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
-** are intended for use inside assert() statements. ^The SQLite core
-** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
-** are advised to follow the lead of the core. ^The SQLite core only
-** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
-** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag. ^External mutex implementations
-** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
-** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
-**
-** ^These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
-** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
-**
-** ^The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
-** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
-** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
-** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
-**
-** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
-** the routine should return 1. This seems counter-intuitive since
-** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist. But
-** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
-** using mutexes. And we do not want the assert() containing the
-** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
-** the appropriate thing to do. ^The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
-** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
-*/
-#ifndef NDEBUG
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types
-**
-** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
-** which is one of these integer constants.
-**
-** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
-** next. Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
-** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST 0
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE 1
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER 2
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM 3 /* sqlite3_malloc() */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2 4 /* NOT USED */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN 4 /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG 5 /* sqlite3_random() */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU 6 /* lru page list */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2 7 /* NOT USED */
-#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM 7 /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
-**
-** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that
-** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
-** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
-** ^If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
-** routine returns a NULL pointer.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
-** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
-** with a particular database identified by the second argument. ^The
-** name of the database is "main" for the main database or "temp" for the
-** TEMP database, or the name that appears after the AS keyword for
-** databases that are added using the [ATTACH] SQL command.
-** ^A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the
-** main database file.
-** ^The third and fourth parameters to this routine
-** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
-** the xFileControl method. ^The return value of the xFileControl
-** method becomes the return value of this routine.
-**
-** ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER value for the op parameter causes
-** a pointer to the underlying [sqlite3_file] object to be written into
-** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter. ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER
-** case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the
-** underlying sqlite3_io_methods.xFileControl method.
-**
-** ^If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
-** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned. ^This error
-** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
-** or [sqlite3_errmsg()]. The underlying xFileControl method might
-** also return SQLITE_ERROR. There is no way to distinguish between
-** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
-** xFileControl method.
-**
-** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
-** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
-** purposes. ^The first parameter is an operation code that determines
-** the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters.
-**
-** This interface is not for use by applications. It exists solely
-** for verifying the correct operation of the SQLite library. Depending
-** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
-**
-** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
-** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
-** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
-** operate consistently from one release to the next.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes
-**
-** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
-** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
-**
-** These parameters and their meanings are subject to change
-** without notice. These values are for testing purposes only.
-** Applications should not use any of these parameters or the
-** [sqlite3_test_control()] interface.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FIRST 5
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE 5
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE 6
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET 7
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST 8
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL 9
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS 10
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE 11
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT 12
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS 13
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE 14
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS 15
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD 16
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC 17
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT 18
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT 19
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST 19
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
-**
-** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
-** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
-** highwater marks. ^The first argument is an integer code for
-** the specific parameter to measure. ^(Recognized integer codes
-** are of the form [status parameters | SQLITE_STATUS_...].)^
-** ^The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
-** ^The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater. ^If the
-** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
-** *pHighwater is written. ^(Some parameters do not record the highest
-** value. For those parameters
-** nothing is written into *pHighwater and the resetFlag is ignored.)^
-** ^(Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current
-** value. For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent.)^
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
-** non-zero [error code] on failure.
-**
-** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic. This routine can be
-** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
-** interfaces. However the values returned in *pCurrent and
-** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
-** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
-** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters
-** KEYWORDS: {status parameters}
-**
-** These integer constants designate various run-time status parameters
-** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
-**
-** <dl>
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
-** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly. The
-** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
-** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library. Scratch memory
-** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
-** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
-** this parameter. The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
-** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
-** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
-** internal equivalents). Only the value returned in the
-** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
-** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the number of separate memory allocations
-** currently checked out.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the
-** [pagecache memory allocator] that was configured using
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]. The
-** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW]]
-** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of page cache
-** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]
-** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The
-** returned value includes allocations that overflowed because they
-** where too large (they were larger than the "sz" parameter to
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]) and allocations that overflowed because
-** no space was left in the page cache.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
-** handed to [pagecache memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
-** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
-** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
-** [scratch memory allocator] configured using
-** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]. The value returned is in allocations, not
-** in bytes. Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation
-** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
-** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
-** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
-** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The values
-** returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too
-** larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the
-** "sz" parameter to [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]) and because no scratch buffer
-** slots were available.
-** </dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
-** handed to [scratch memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
-** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
-** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the deepest parser stack. It is only
-** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
-** </dl>
-**
-** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED 1
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW 2
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED 3
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW 4
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE 5
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK 6
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE 7
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE 8
-#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT 9
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
-**
-** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
-** about a single [database connection]. ^The first argument is the
-** database connection object to be interrogated. ^The second argument
-** is an integer constant, taken from the set of
-** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options], that
-** determines the parameter to interrogate. The set of
-** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options] is likely
-** to grow in future releases of SQLite.
-**
-** ^The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur
-** and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr. ^If
-** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
-** reset back down to the current value.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
-** non-zero [error code] on failure.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections
-** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_DBSTATUS options}
-**
-** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
-** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
-**
-** New verbs may be added in future releases of SQLite. Existing verbs
-** might be discontinued. Applications should check the return code from
-** [sqlite3_db_status()] to make sure that the call worked.
-** The [sqlite3_db_status()] interface will return a non-zero error code
-** if a discontinued or unsupported verb is invoked.
-**
-** <dl>
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently
-** checked out.</dd>)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that were
-** satisfied using lookaside memory. Only the high-water value is meaningful;
-** the current value is always zero.)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE]]
-** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have
-** been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to the amount of
-** memory requested being larger than the lookaside slot size.
-** Only the high-water value is meaningful;
-** the current value is always zero.)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL]]
-** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have
-** been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to all lookaside
-** memory already being in use.
-** Only the high-water value is meaningful;
-** the current value is always zero.)^
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
-** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
-** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
-** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
-** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^
-** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
-** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
-** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
-** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0.
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
-** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
-** the database connection.)^
-** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
-** </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have
-** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT
-** is always 0.
-** </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache misses that have
-** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS
-** is always 0.
-** </dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the number of dirty cache entries that have
-** been written to disk. Specifically, the number of pages written to the
-** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
-** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
-** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
-** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
-** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
-** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
-** </dd>
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED 0
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 1
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 2
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED 3
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT 4
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE 5
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL 6
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT 7
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS 8
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE 9
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX 9 /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
-**
-** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
-** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
-** of times it has performed specific operations.)^ These counters can
-** be used to monitor the performance characteristics of the prepared
-** statements. For example, if the number of table steps greatly exceeds
-** the number of table searches or result rows, that would tend to indicate
-** that the prepared statement is using a full table scan rather than
-** an index.
-**
-** ^(This interface is used to retrieve and reset counter values from
-** a [prepared statement]. The first argument is the prepared statement
-** object to be interrogated. The second argument
-** is an integer code for a specific [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter]
-** to be interrogated.)^
-** ^The current value of the requested counter is returned.
-** ^If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
-** interface call returns.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements
-** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter} {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters}
-**
-** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
-** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
-** The meanings of the various counters are as follows:
-**
-** <dl>
-** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP</dt>
-** <dd>^This is the number of times that SQLite has stepped forward in
-** a table as part of a full table scan. Large numbers for this counter
-** may indicate opportunities for performance improvement through
-** careful use of indices.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT</dt>
-** <dd>^This is the number of sort operations that have occurred.
-** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
-** improvement performance through careful use of indices.</dd>
-**
-** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
-** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
-** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
-** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
-** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
-** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP 1
-#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT 2
-#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX 3
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
-**
-** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque. It is implemented by
-** the pluggable module. The SQLite core has no knowledge of
-** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
-** sqlite3_pcache object except by holding and passing pointers
-** to the object.
-**
-** See [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] for additional information.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_pcache sqlite3_pcache;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
-**
-** The sqlite3_pcache_page object represents a single page in the
-** page cache. The page cache will allocate instances of this
-** object. Various methods of the page cache use pointers to instances
-** of this object as parameters or as their return value.
-**
-** See [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] for additional information.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_page sqlite3_pcache_page;
-struct sqlite3_pcache_page {
- void *pBuf; /* The content of the page */
- void *pExtra; /* Extra information associated with the page */
-};
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Application Defined Page Cache.
-** KEYWORDS: {page cache}
-**
-** ^(The [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2], ...) interface can
-** register an alternative page cache implementation by passing in an
-** instance of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure.)^
-** In many applications, most of the heap memory allocated by
-** SQLite is used for the page cache.
-** By implementing a
-** custom page cache using this API, an application can better control
-** the amount of memory consumed by SQLite, the way in which
-** that memory is allocated and released, and the policies used to
-** determine exactly which parts of a database file are cached and for
-** how long.
-**
-** The alternative page cache mechanism is an
-** extreme measure that is only needed by the most demanding applications.
-** The built-in page cache is recommended for most uses.
-**
-** ^(The contents of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure are copied to an
-** internal buffer by SQLite within the call to [sqlite3_config]. Hence
-** the application may discard the parameter after the call to
-** [sqlite3_config()] returns.)^
-**
-** [[the xInit() page cache method]]
-** ^(The xInit() method is called once for each effective
-** call to [sqlite3_initialize()])^
-** (usually only once during the lifetime of the process). ^(The xInit()
-** method is passed a copy of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2.pArg value.)^
-** The intent of the xInit() method is to set up global data structures
-** required by the custom page cache implementation.
-** ^(If the xInit() method is NULL, then the
-** built-in default page cache is used instead of the application defined
-** page cache.)^
-**
-** [[the xShutdown() page cache method]]
-** ^The xShutdown() method is called by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
-** It can be used to clean up
-** any outstanding resources before process shutdown, if required.
-** ^The xShutdown() method may be NULL.
-**
-** ^SQLite automatically serializes calls to the xInit method,
-** so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. ^The
-** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
-** not need to be threadsafe either. All other methods must be threadsafe
-** in multithreaded applications.
-**
-** ^SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
-** call to xShutdown().
-**
-** [[the xCreate() page cache methods]]
-** ^SQLite invokes the xCreate() method to construct a new cache instance.
-** SQLite will typically create one cache instance for each open database file,
-** though this is not guaranteed. ^The
-** first parameter, szPage, is the size in bytes of the pages that must
-** be allocated by the cache. ^szPage will always a power of two. ^The
-** second parameter szExtra is a number of bytes of extra storage
-** associated with each page cache entry. ^The szExtra parameter will
-** a number less than 250. SQLite will use the
-** extra szExtra bytes on each page to store metadata about the underlying
-** database page on disk. The value passed into szExtra depends
-** on the SQLite version, the target platform, and how SQLite was compiled.
-** ^The third argument to xCreate(), bPurgeable, is true if the cache being
-** created will be used to cache database pages of a file stored on disk, or
-** false if it is used for an in-memory database. The cache implementation
-** does not have to do anything special based with the value of bPurgeable;
-** it is purely advisory. ^On a cache where bPurgeable is false, SQLite will
-** never invoke xUnpin() except to deliberately delete a page.
-** ^In other words, calls to xUnpin() on a cache with bPurgeable set to
-** false will always have the "discard" flag set to true.
-** ^Hence, a cache created with bPurgeable false will
-** never contain any unpinned pages.
-**
-** [[the xCachesize() page cache method]]
-** ^(The xCachesize() method may be called at any time by SQLite to set the
-** suggested maximum cache-size (number of pages stored by) the cache
-** instance passed as the first argument. This is the value configured using
-** the SQLite "[PRAGMA cache_size]" command.)^ As with the bPurgeable
-** parameter, the implementation is not required to do anything with this
-** value; it is advisory only.
-**
-** [[the xPagecount() page cache methods]]
-** The xPagecount() method must return the number of pages currently
-** stored in the cache, both pinned and unpinned.
-**
-** [[the xFetch() page cache methods]]
-** The xFetch() method locates a page in the cache and returns a pointer to
-** an sqlite3_pcache_page object associated with that page, or a NULL pointer.
-** The pBuf element of the returned sqlite3_pcache_page object will be a
-** pointer to a buffer of szPage bytes used to store the content of a
-** single database page. The pExtra element of sqlite3_pcache_page will be
-** a pointer to the szExtra bytes of extra storage that SQLite has requested
-** for each entry in the page cache.
-**
-** The page to be fetched is determined by the key. ^The minimum key value
-** is 1. After it has been retrieved using xFetch, the page is considered
-** to be "pinned".
-**
-** If the requested page is already in the page cache, then the page cache
-** implementation must return a pointer to the page buffer with its content
-** intact. If the requested page is not already in the cache, then the
-** cache implementation should use the value of the createFlag
-** parameter to help it determined what action to take:
-**
-** <table border=1 width=85% align=center>
-** <tr><th> createFlag <th> Behaviour when page is not already in cache
-** <tr><td> 0 <td> Do not allocate a new page. Return NULL.
-** <tr><td> 1 <td> Allocate a new page if it easy and convenient to do so.
-** Otherwise return NULL.
-** <tr><td> 2 <td> Make every effort to allocate a new page. Only return
-** NULL if allocating a new page is effectively impossible.
-** </table>
-**
-** ^(SQLite will normally invoke xFetch() with a createFlag of 0 or 1. SQLite
-** will only use a createFlag of 2 after a prior call with a createFlag of 1
-** failed.)^ In between the to xFetch() calls, SQLite may
-** attempt to unpin one or more cache pages by spilling the content of
-** pinned pages to disk and synching the operating system disk cache.
-**
-** [[the xUnpin() page cache method]]
-** ^xUnpin() is called by SQLite with a pointer to a currently pinned page
-** as its second argument. If the third parameter, discard, is non-zero,
-** then the page must be evicted from the cache.
-** ^If the discard parameter is
-** zero, then the page may be discarded or retained at the discretion of
-** page cache implementation. ^The page cache implementation
-** may choose to evict unpinned pages at any time.
-**
-** The cache must not perform any reference counting. A single
-** call to xUnpin() unpins the page regardless of the number of prior calls
-** to xFetch().
-**
-** [[the xRekey() page cache methods]]
-** The xRekey() method is used to change the key value associated with the
-** page passed as the second argument. If the cache
-** previously contains an entry associated with newKey, it must be
-** discarded. ^Any prior cache entry associated with newKey is guaranteed not
-** to be pinned.
-**
-** When SQLite calls the xTruncate() method, the cache must discard all
-** existing cache entries with page numbers (keys) greater than or equal
-** to the value of the iLimit parameter passed to xTruncate(). If any
-** of these pages are pinned, they are implicitly unpinned, meaning that
-** they can be safely discarded.
-**
-** [[the xDestroy() page cache method]]
-** ^The xDestroy() method is used to delete a cache allocated by xCreate().
-** All resources associated with the specified cache should be freed. ^After
-** calling the xDestroy() method, SQLite considers the [sqlite3_pcache*]
-** handle invalid, and will not use it with any other sqlite3_pcache_methods2
-** functions.
-**
-** [[the xShrink() page cache method]]
-** ^SQLite invokes the xShrink() method when it wants the page cache to
-** free up as much of heap memory as possible. The page cache implementation
-** is not obligated to free any memory, but well-behaved implementations should
-** do their best.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_methods2 sqlite3_pcache_methods2;
-struct sqlite3_pcache_methods2 {
- int iVersion;
- void *pArg;
- int (*xInit)(void*);
- void (*xShutdown)(void*);
- sqlite3_pcache *(*xCreate)(int szPage, int szExtra, int bPurgeable);
- void (*xCachesize)(sqlite3_pcache*, int nCachesize);
- int (*xPagecount)(sqlite3_pcache*);
- sqlite3_pcache_page *(*xFetch)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned key, int createFlag);
- void (*xUnpin)(sqlite3_pcache*, sqlite3_pcache_page*, int discard);
- void (*xRekey)(sqlite3_pcache*, sqlite3_pcache_page*,
- unsigned oldKey, unsigned newKey);
- void (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned iLimit);
- void (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_pcache*);
- void (*xShrink)(sqlite3_pcache*);
-};
-
-/*
-** This is the obsolete pcache_methods object that has now been replaced
-** by sqlite3_pcache_methods2. This object is not used by SQLite. It is
-** retained in the header file for backwards compatibility only.
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_methods sqlite3_pcache_methods;
-struct sqlite3_pcache_methods {
- void *pArg;
- int (*xInit)(void*);
- void (*xShutdown)(void*);
- sqlite3_pcache *(*xCreate)(int szPage, int bPurgeable);
- void (*xCachesize)(sqlite3_pcache*, int nCachesize);
- int (*xPagecount)(sqlite3_pcache*);
- void *(*xFetch)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned key, int createFlag);
- void (*xUnpin)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, int discard);
- void (*xRekey)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, unsigned oldKey, unsigned newKey);
- void (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned iLimit);
- void (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_pcache*);
-};
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Online Backup Object
-**
-** The sqlite3_backup object records state information about an ongoing
-** online backup operation. ^The sqlite3_backup object is created by
-** a call to [sqlite3_backup_init()] and is destroyed by a call to
-** [sqlite3_backup_finish()].
-**
-** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
-*/
-typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_backup;
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Online Backup API.
-**
-** The backup API copies the content of one database into another.
-** It is useful either for creating backups of databases or
-** for copying in-memory databases to or from persistent files.
-**
-** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
-**
-** ^SQLite holds a write transaction open on the destination database file
-** for the duration of the backup operation.
-** ^The source database is read-locked only while it is being read;
-** it is not locked continuously for the entire backup operation.
-** ^Thus, the backup may be performed on a live source database without
-** preventing other database connections from
-** reading or writing to the source database while the backup is underway.
-**
-** ^(To perform a backup operation:
-** <ol>
-** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b> is called once to initialize the
-** backup,
-** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b> is called one or more times to transfer
-** the data between the two databases, and finally
-** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b> is called to release all resources
-** associated with the backup operation.
-** </ol>)^
-** There should be exactly one call to sqlite3_backup_finish() for each
-** successful call to sqlite3_backup_init().
-**
-** [[sqlite3_backup_init()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b>
-**
-** ^The D and N arguments to sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) are the
-** [database connection] associated with the destination database
-** and the database name, respectively.
-** ^The database name is "main" for the main database, "temp" for the
-** temporary database, or the name specified after the AS keyword in
-** an [ATTACH] statement for an attached database.
-** ^The S and M arguments passed to
-** sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the [database connection]
-** and database name of the source database, respectively.
-** ^The source and destination [database connections] (parameters S and D)
-** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
-** an error.
-**
-** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
-** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
-** destination [database connection] D.
-** ^The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init()
-** can be retrieved using the [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and/or
-** [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
-** ^A successful call to sqlite3_backup_init() returns a pointer to an
-** [sqlite3_backup] object.
-** ^The [sqlite3_backup] object may be used with the sqlite3_backup_step() and
-** sqlite3_backup_finish() functions to perform the specified backup
-** operation.
-**
-** [[sqlite3_backup_step()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b>
-**
-** ^Function sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) will copy up to N pages between
-** the source and destination databases specified by [sqlite3_backup] object B.
-** ^If N is negative, all remaining source pages are copied.
-** ^If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully copies N pages and there
-** are still more pages to be copied, then the function returns [SQLITE_OK].
-** ^If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully finishes copying all pages
-** from source to destination, then it returns [SQLITE_DONE].
-** ^If an error occurs while running sqlite3_backup_step(B,N),
-** then an [error code] is returned. ^As well as [SQLITE_OK] and
-** [SQLITE_DONE], a call to sqlite3_backup_step() may return [SQLITE_READONLY],
-** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], [SQLITE_LOCKED], or an
-** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX] extended error code.
-**
-** ^(The sqlite3_backup_step() might return [SQLITE_READONLY] if
-** <ol>
-** <li> the destination database was opened read-only, or
-** <li> the destination database is using write-ahead-log journaling
-** and the destination and source page sizes differ, or
-** <li> the destination database is an in-memory database and the
-** destination and source page sizes differ.
-** </ol>)^
-**
-** ^If sqlite3_backup_step() cannot obtain a required file-system lock, then
-** the [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy-handler function]
-** is invoked (if one is specified). ^If the
-** busy-handler returns non-zero before the lock is available, then
-** [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned to the caller. ^In this case the call to
-** sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later. ^If the source
-** [database connection]
-** is being used to write to the source database when sqlite3_backup_step()
-** is called, then [SQLITE_LOCKED] is returned immediately. ^Again, in this
-** case the call to sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later on. ^(If
-** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX], [SQLITE_NOMEM], or
-** [SQLITE_READONLY] is returned, then
-** there is no point in retrying the call to sqlite3_backup_step(). These
-** errors are considered fatal.)^ The application must accept
-** that the backup operation has failed and pass the backup operation handle
-** to the sqlite3_backup_finish() to release associated resources.
-**
-** ^The first call to sqlite3_backup_step() obtains an exclusive lock
-** on the destination file. ^The exclusive lock is not released until either
-** sqlite3_backup_finish() is called or the backup operation is complete
-** and sqlite3_backup_step() returns [SQLITE_DONE]. ^Every call to
-** sqlite3_backup_step() obtains a [shared lock] on the source database that
-** lasts for the duration of the sqlite3_backup_step() call.
-** ^Because the source database is not locked between calls to
-** sqlite3_backup_step(), the source database may be modified mid-way
-** through the backup process. ^If the source database is modified by an
-** external process or via a database connection other than the one being
-** used by the backup operation, then the backup will be automatically
-** restarted by the next call to sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source
-** database is modified by the using the same database connection as is used
-** by the backup operation, then the backup database is automatically
-** updated at the same time.
-**
-** [[sqlite3_backup_finish()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b>
-**
-** When sqlite3_backup_step() has returned [SQLITE_DONE], or when the
-** application wishes to abandon the backup operation, the application
-** should destroy the [sqlite3_backup] by passing it to sqlite3_backup_finish().
-** ^The sqlite3_backup_finish() interfaces releases all
-** resources associated with the [sqlite3_backup] object.
-** ^If sqlite3_backup_step() has not yet returned [SQLITE_DONE], then any
-** active write-transaction on the destination database is rolled back.
-** The [sqlite3_backup] object is invalid
-** and may not be used following a call to sqlite3_backup_finish().
-**
-** ^The value returned by sqlite3_backup_finish is [SQLITE_OK] if no
-** sqlite3_backup_step() errors occurred, regardless or whether or not
-** sqlite3_backup_step() completed.
-** ^If an out-of-memory condition or IO error occurred during any prior
-** sqlite3_backup_step() call on the same [sqlite3_backup] object, then
-** sqlite3_backup_finish() returns the corresponding [error code].
-**
-** ^A return of [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_LOCKED] from sqlite3_backup_step()
-** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
-** sqlite3_backup_finish().
-**
-** [[sqlite3_backup__remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
-** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
-**
-** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
-** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
-** up and the total number of pages in the source database file.
-** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
-** retrieve these two values, respectively.
-**
-** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
-** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
-** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
-** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
-** changing.
-**
-** <b>Concurrent Usage of Database Handles</b>
-**
-** ^The source [database connection] may be used by the application for other
-** purposes while a backup operation is underway or being initialized.
-** ^If SQLite is compiled and configured to support threadsafe database
-** connections, then the source database connection may be used concurrently
-** from within other threads.
-**
-** However, the application must guarantee that the destination
-** [database connection] is not passed to any other API (by any thread) after
-** sqlite3_backup_init() is called and before the corresponding call to
-** sqlite3_backup_finish(). SQLite does not currently check to see
-** if the application incorrectly accesses the destination [database connection]
-** and so no error code is reported, but the operations may malfunction
-** nevertheless. Use of the destination database connection while a
-** backup is in progress might also also cause a mutex deadlock.
-**
-** If running in [shared cache mode], the application must
-** guarantee that the shared cache used by the destination database
-** is not accessed while the backup is running. In practice this means
-** that the application must guarantee that the disk file being
-** backed up to is not accessed by any connection within the process,
-** not just the specific connection that was passed to sqlite3_backup_init().
-**
-** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple
-** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
-** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
-** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
-** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
-** possible that they return invalid values.
-*/
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
- sqlite3 *pDest, /* Destination database handle */
- const char *zDestName, /* Destination database name */
- sqlite3 *pSource, /* Source database handle */
- const char *zSourceName /* Source database name */
-);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
-**
-** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
-** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
-** individual tables within the shared-cache cannot be obtained. See
-** [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode] for a description of shared-cache locking.
-** ^This API may be used to register a callback that SQLite will invoke
-** when the connection currently holding the required lock relinquishes it.
-** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
-**
-** See Also: [Using the SQLite Unlock Notification Feature].
-**
-** ^Shared-cache locks are released when a database connection concludes
-** its current transaction, either by committing it or rolling it back.
-**
-** ^When a connection (known as the blocked connection) fails to obtain a
-** shared-cache lock and SQLITE_LOCKED is returned to the caller, the
-** identity of the database connection (the blocking connection) that
-** has locked the required resource is stored internally. ^After an
-** application receives an SQLITE_LOCKED error, it may call the
-** sqlite3_unlock_notify() method with the blocked connection handle as
-** the first argument to register for a callback that will be invoked
-** when the blocking connections current transaction is concluded. ^The
-** callback is invoked from within the [sqlite3_step] or [sqlite3_close]
-** call that concludes the blocking connections transaction.
-**
-** ^(If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called in a multi-threaded application,
-** there is a chance that the blocking connection will have already
-** concluded its transaction by the time sqlite3_unlock_notify() is invoked.
-** If this happens, then the specified callback is invoked immediately,
-** from within the call to sqlite3_unlock_notify().)^
-**
-** ^If the blocked connection is attempting to obtain a write-lock on a
-** shared-cache table, and more than one other connection currently holds
-** a read-lock on the same table, then SQLite arbitrarily selects one of
-** the other connections to use as the blocking connection.
-**
-** ^(There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a
-** blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the
-** blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback,
-** then the new callback replaces the old.)^ ^If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is
-** called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing
-** unlock-notify callback is canceled. ^The blocked connections
-** unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked
-** connection using [sqlite3_close()].
-**
-** The unlock-notify callback is not reentrant. If an application invokes
-** any sqlite3_xxx API functions from within an unlock-notify callback, a
-** crash or deadlock may be the result.
-**
-** ^Unless deadlock is detected (see below), sqlite3_unlock_notify() always
-** returns SQLITE_OK.
-**
-** <b>Callback Invocation Details</b>
-**
-** When an unlock-notify callback is registered, the application provides a
-** single void* pointer that is passed to the callback when it is invoked.
-** However, the signature of the callback function allows SQLite to pass
-** it an array of void* context pointers. The first argument passed to
-** an unlock-notify callback is a pointer to an array of void* pointers,
-** and the second is the number of entries in the array.
-**
-** When a blocking connections transaction is concluded, there may be
-** more than one blocked connection that has registered for an unlock-notify
-** callback. ^If two or more such blocked connections have specified the
-** same callback function, then instead of invoking the callback function
-** multiple times, it is invoked once with the set of void* context pointers
-** specified by the blocked connections bundled together into an array.
-** This gives the application an opportunity to prioritize any actions
-** related to the set of unblocked database connections.
-**
-** <b>Deadlock Detection</b>
-**
-** Assuming that after registering for an unlock-notify callback a
-** database waits for the callback to be issued before taking any further
-** action (a reasonable assumption), then using this API may cause the
-** application to deadlock. For example, if connection X is waiting for
-** connection Y's transaction to be concluded, and similarly connection
-** Y is waiting on connection X's transaction, then neither connection
-** will proceed and the system may remain deadlocked indefinitely.
-**
-** To avoid this scenario, the sqlite3_unlock_notify() performs deadlock
-** detection. ^If a given call to sqlite3_unlock_notify() would put the
-** system in a deadlocked state, then SQLITE_LOCKED is returned and no
-** unlock-notify callback is registered. The system is said to be in
-** a deadlocked state if connection A has registered for an unlock-notify
-** callback on the conclusion of connection B's transaction, and connection
-** B has itself registered for an unlock-notify callback when connection
-** A's transaction is concluded. ^Indirect deadlock is also detected, so
-** the system is also considered to be deadlocked if connection B has
-** registered for an unlock-notify callback on the conclusion of connection
-** C's transaction, where connection C is waiting on connection A. ^Any
-** number of levels of indirection are allowed.
-**
-** <b>The "DROP TABLE" Exception</b>
-**
-** When a call to [sqlite3_step()] returns SQLITE_LOCKED, it is almost
-** always appropriate to call sqlite3_unlock_notify(). There is however,
-** one exception. When executing a "DROP TABLE" or "DROP INDEX" statement,
-** SQLite checks if there are any currently executing SELECT statements
-** that belong to the same connection. If there are, SQLITE_LOCKED is
-** returned. In this case there is no "blocking connection", so invoking
-** sqlite3_unlock_notify() results in the unlock-notify callback being
-** invoked immediately. If the application then re-attempts the "DROP TABLE"
-** or "DROP INDEX" query, an infinite loop might be the result.
-**
-** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
-** by an sqlite3_step() call. ^(If there is a blocking connection, then the
-** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
-** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just
-** SQLITE_LOCKED.)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_unlock_notify(
- sqlite3 *pBlocked, /* Waiting connection */
- void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg), /* Callback function to invoke */
- void *pNotifyArg /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
-);
-
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()] APIs allow applications
-** and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8
-** strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
-** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the error log
-** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
-** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
-** used with [sqlite3_snprintf()] to generate the final output string.
-**
-** The sqlite3_log() interface is intended for use by extensions such as
-** virtual tables, collating functions, and SQL functions. While there is
-** nothing to prevent an application from calling sqlite3_log(), doing so
-** is considered bad form.
-**
-** The zFormat string must not be NULL.
-**
-** To avoid deadlocks and other threading problems, the sqlite3_log() routine
-** will not use dynamically allocated memory. The log message is stored in
-** a fixed-length buffer on the stack. If the log message is longer than
-** a few hundred characters, it will be truncated to the length of the
-** buffer.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
-** will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a
-** [write-ahead log] (i.e. whenever a transaction is committed in
-** [journal_mode | journal_mode=WAL mode]).
-**
-** ^The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and
-** the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation
-** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
-**
-** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
-** is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when
-** registering the callback. ^The second is a copy of the database handle.
-** ^The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to -
-** either "main" or the name of an [ATTACH]-ed database. ^The fourth parameter
-** is the number of pages currently in the write-ahead log file,
-** including those that were just committed.
-**
-** The callback function should normally return [SQLITE_OK]. ^If an error
-** code is returned, that error will propagate back up through the
-** SQLite code base to cause the statement that provoked the callback
-** to report an error, though the commit will have still occurred. If the
-** callback returns [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE], or if it returns a value
-** that does not correspond to any valid SQLite error code, the results
-** are undefined.
-**
-** A single database handle may have at most a single write-ahead log callback
-** registered at one time. ^Calling [sqlite3_wal_hook()] replaces any
-** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
-** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
-** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
-** those overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
-*/
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
- sqlite3*,
- int(*)(void *,sqlite3*,const char*,int),
- void*
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(D,N)] is a wrapper around
-** [sqlite3_wal_hook()] that causes any database on [database connection] D
-** to automatically [checkpoint]
-** after committing a transaction if there are N or
-** more frames in the [write-ahead log] file. ^Passing zero or
-** a negative value as the nFrame parameter disables automatic
-** checkpoints entirely.
-**
-** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
-** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()]. ^Likewise, registering a callback
-** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
-** configured by this function.
-**
-** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
-** from SQL.
-**
-** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
-** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
-** pages. The use of this interface
-** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
-** for a particular application.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
-** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed]. ^If X is NULL or an
-** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
-** connection D. ^If the database connection D is not in
-** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
-**
-** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
-** from SQL. ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
-** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
-** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** Run a checkpoint operation on WAL database zDb attached to database
-** handle db. The specific operation is determined by the value of the
-** eMode parameter:
-**
-** <dl>
-** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
-** Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database
-** readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
-** are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling
-** sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The busy-handler callback is never invoked.
-**
-** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
-** This mode blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until there is no
-** database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
-** snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
-** database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-** but not database readers.
-**
-** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
-** This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after
-** checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback)
-** until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures
-** that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file
-** from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-** but not database readers.
-** </dl>
-**
-** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
-** the log file before returning. If pnCkpt is not NULL, then *pnCkpt is set to
-** the total number of checkpointed frames (including any that were already
-** checkpointed when this function is called). *pnLog and *pnCkpt may be
-** populated even if sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() returns other than SQLITE_OK.
-** If no values are available because of an error, they are both set to -1
-** before returning to communicate this to the caller.
-**
-** All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. If
-** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the
-** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. Even if there is a
-** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
-**
-** The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL and RESTART modes also obtain the exclusive
-** "writer" lock on the database file. If the writer lock cannot be obtained
-** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the writer
-** lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock is
-** successfully obtained. The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
-** database readers as described above. If the busy-handler returns 0 before
-** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
-** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as
-** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible
-** without blocking any further. SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
-**
-** If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
-** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases. In this case the
-** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. If
-** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the
-** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining
-** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. If any other
-** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned
-** and the error code returned to the caller immediately. If no error
-** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached
-** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
-**
-** If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
-** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. If
-** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
-** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
- sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
- const char *zDb, /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
- int eMode, /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
- int *pnLog, /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
- int *pnCkpt /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
-);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint operation parameters
-**
-** These constants can be used as the 3rd parameter to
-** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]. See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
-** documentation for additional information about the meaning and use of
-** each of these values.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE 0
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL 1
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART 2
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
-**
-** This function may be called by either the [xConnect] or [xCreate] method
-** of a [virtual table] implementation to configure
-** various facets of the virtual table interface.
-**
-** If this interface is invoked outside the context of an xConnect or
-** xCreate virtual table method then the behavior is undefined.
-**
-** At present, there is only one option that may be configured using
-** this function. (See [SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT].) Further options
-** may be added in the future.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Configuration Options
-**
-** These macros define the various options to the
-** [sqlite3_vtab_config()] interface that [virtual table] implementations
-** can use to customize and optimize their behavior.
-**
-** <dl>
-** <dt>SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT
-** <dd>Calls of the form
-** [sqlite3_vtab_config](db,SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT,X) are supported,
-** where X is an integer. If X is zero, then the [virtual table] whose
-** [xCreate] or [xConnect] method invoked [sqlite3_vtab_config()] does not
-** support constraints. In this configuration (which is the default) if
-** a call to the [xUpdate] method returns [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], then the entire
-** statement is rolled back as if [ON CONFLICT | OR ABORT] had been
-** specified as part of the users SQL statement, regardless of the actual
-** ON CONFLICT mode specified.
-**
-** If X is non-zero, then the virtual table implementation guarantees
-** that if [xUpdate] returns [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], it will do so before
-** any modifications to internal or persistent data structures have been made.
-** If the [ON CONFLICT] mode is ABORT, FAIL, IGNORE or ROLLBACK, SQLite
-** is able to roll back a statement or database transaction, and abandon
-** or continue processing the current SQL statement as appropriate.
-** If the ON CONFLICT mode is REPLACE and the [xUpdate] method returns
-** [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], SQLite handles this as if the ON CONFLICT mode
-** had been ABORT.
-**
-** Virtual table implementations that are required to handle OR REPLACE
-** must do so within the [xUpdate] method. If a call to the
-** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] function indicates that the current ON
-** CONFLICT policy is REPLACE, the virtual table implementation should
-** silently replace the appropriate rows within the xUpdate callback and
-** return SQLITE_OK. Or, if this is not possible, it may return
-** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, in which case SQLite falls back to OR ABORT
-** constraint handling.
-** </dl>
-*/
-#define SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT 1
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Determine The Virtual Table Conflict Policy
-**
-** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xUpdate] method
-** of a [virtual table] implementation for an INSERT or UPDATE operation. ^The
-** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
-** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
-** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
-** [virtual table].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
-**
-** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
-** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
-** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
-**
-** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
-** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that
-** [SQLITE_ABORT] is also a [result code].
-*/
-#define SQLITE_ROLLBACK 1
-/* #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 // Also used by sqlite3_authorizer() callback */
-#define SQLITE_FAIL 3
-/* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4 // Also an error code */
-#define SQLITE_REPLACE 5
-
-
-
-/*
-** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
-** builds on processors without floating point support.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
-# undef double
-#endif
-
-#ifdef __cplusplus
-} /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
-#endif
-#endif
-
-/*
-** 2010 August 30
-**
-** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
-** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
-**
-** May you do good and not evil.
-** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
-** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
-**
-*************************************************************************
-*/
-
-#ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_
-#define _SQLITE3RTREE_H_
-
-
-#ifdef __cplusplus
-extern "C" {
-#endif
-
-typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;
-
-/*
-** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
-** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
-**
-** SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
- sqlite3 *db,
- const char *zGeom,
-#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
- int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, sqlite3_int64 *a, int *pRes),
-#else
- int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, double *a, int *pRes),
-#endif
- void *pContext
-);
-
-
-/*
-** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the first
-** argument to callbacks registered using rtree_geometry_callback().
-*/
-struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
- void *pContext; /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
- int nParam; /* Size of array aParam[] */
- double *aParam; /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
- void *pUser; /* Callback implementation user data */
- void (*xDelUser)(void *); /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
-};
-
-
-#ifdef __cplusplus
-} /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
-#endif
-
-#endif /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */
-