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path: root/src/tbf.cpp
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/* Copied from gprs_bssgp_pcu.cpp
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Ivan Klyuchnikov
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Andreas Eversberg <jolly@eversberg.eu>
 * Copyright (C) 2013 by Holger Hans Peter Freyther
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
 * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
 */

#include <bts.h>
#include <tbf.h>
#include <rlc.h>
#include <encoding.h>
#include <gprs_rlcmac.h>
#include <gprs_debug.h>
#include <gprs_bssgp_pcu.h>
#include <decoding.h>

extern "C" {
#include <osmocom/core/msgb.h>
#include <osmocom/core/talloc.h>
}

#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

/* After sending these frames, we poll for ack/nack. */
#define POLL_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES 20
/* After receiving these frames, we send ack/nack. */
#define SEND_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES 20


static const struct gprs_rlcmac_cs gprs_rlcmac_cs[] = {
/*	frame length	data block	max payload */
	{ 0,		0,		0  },
	{ 23,		23,		20 }, /* CS-1 */
	{ 34,		33,		30 }, /* CS-2 */
	{ 40,		39,		36 }, /* CS-3 */
	{ 54,		53,		50 }, /* CS-4 */
};

extern "C" {
int bssgp_tx_llc_discarded(struct bssgp_bvc_ctx *bctx, uint32_t tlli,
                           uint8_t num_frames, uint32_t num_octets);
}

extern void *tall_pcu_ctx;

static void tbf_timer_cb(void *_tbf);

inline gprs_rlcmac_bts *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::bts_data() const
{
	return bts->bts_data();
}

static inline void tbf_update_ms_class(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf,
					const uint8_t ms_class)
{
	if (!tbf->ms_class && ms_class)
		tbf->ms_class = ms_class;
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::assign_imsi(const char *imsi)
{
	strncpy(m_imsi, imsi, sizeof(m_imsi));
	m_imsi[sizeof(m_imsi) - 1] = '\0';
}

static struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf_lookup_dl(BTS *bts,
					const uint32_t tlli, const char *imsi)
{
	/* TODO: look up by IMSI first, then tlli, then old_tlli */
	return bts->tbf_by_tlli(tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF);
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::append_data(const uint8_t ms_class,
				const uint16_t pdu_delay_csec,
				const uint8_t *data, const uint16_t len)
{
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "%s append\n", tbf_name(this));
	if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_WAIT_RELEASE)) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG,
			"%s in WAIT RELEASE state "
			"(T3193), so reuse TBF\n", tbf_name(this));
		tbf_update_ms_class(this, ms_class);
		reuse_tbf(data, len);
	} else {
		/* the TBF exists, so we must write it in the queue
		 * we prepend lifetime in front of PDU */
		struct timeval *tv;
		struct msgb *llc_msg = msgb_alloc(len + sizeof(*tv),
			"llc_pdu_queue");
		if (!llc_msg)
			return -ENOMEM;
		tv = (struct timeval *)msgb_put(llc_msg, sizeof(*tv));
		gprs_llc::calc_pdu_lifetime(bts, pdu_delay_csec, tv);
		memcpy(msgb_put(llc_msg, len), data, len);
		m_llc.enqueue(llc_msg);
		tbf_update_ms_class(this, ms_class);
	}

	return 0;
}

static int tbf_new_dl_assignment(struct gprs_rlcmac_bts *bts,
				const char *imsi,
				const uint32_t tlli, const uint8_t ms_class,
				const uint8_t *data, const uint16_t len)
{
	uint8_t trx, ta, ss;
	int8_t use_trx;
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *old_tbf, *tbf;
	int8_t tfi; /* must be signed */
	int rc;

	/* check for uplink data, so we copy our informations */
#warning "Do the same look up for IMSI, TLLI and OLD_TLLI"
#warning "Refactor the below lines... into a new method"
	tbf = bts->bts->tbf_by_tlli(tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF);
	if (tbf && tbf->dir.ul.contention_resolution_done
	 && !tbf->dir.ul.final_ack_sent) {
		use_trx = tbf->trx->trx_no;
		ta = tbf->ta;
		ss = 0;
		old_tbf = tbf;
	} else {
		use_trx = -1;
		/* we already have an uplink TBF, so we use that TA */
		if (tbf)
			ta = tbf->ta;
		else {
			/* recall TA */
			rc = bts->bts->timing_advance()->recall(tlli);
			if (rc < 0) {
				LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "TA unknown"
					", assuming 0\n");
				ta = 0;
			} else
				ta = rc;
		}
		ss = 1; /* PCH assignment only allows one timeslot */
		old_tbf = NULL;
	}

	// Create new TBF (any TRX)
#warning "Copy and paste with alloc_ul_tbf"
	tfi = bts->bts->tfi_find_free(GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF, &trx, use_trx);
	if (tfi < 0) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "No PDCH resource\n");
		/* FIXME: send reject */
		return -EBUSY;
	}
	/* set number of downlink slots according to multislot class */
	tbf = tbf_alloc(bts, tbf, GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF, tfi, trx, ms_class, ss);
	if (!tbf) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "No PDCH resource\n");
		/* FIXME: send reject */
		return -EBUSY;
	}
	tbf->m_tlli = tlli;
	tbf->m_tlli_valid = 1;
	tbf->ta = ta;

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s [DOWNLINK] START\n", tbf_name(tbf));

	/* new TBF, so put first frame */
	tbf->m_llc.put_frame(data, len);
	tbf->bts->llc_frame_sched();

	/* Store IMSI for later look-up and PCH retransmission */
	tbf->assign_imsi(imsi);

	/* trigger downlink assignment and set state to ASSIGN.
	 * we don't use old_downlink, so the possible uplink is used
	 * to trigger downlink assignment. if there is no uplink,
	 * AGCH is used. */
	tbf->bts->trigger_dl_ass(tbf, old_tbf, imsi);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * TODO: split into unit test-able parts...
 */
int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::handle(struct gprs_rlcmac_bts *bts,
		const uint32_t tlli, const char *imsi,
		const uint8_t ms_class, const uint16_t delay_csec,
		const uint8_t *data, const uint16_t len)
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf;

	/* check for existing TBF */
	tbf = tbf_lookup_dl(bts->bts, tlli, imsi);
	if (tbf) {
		int rc = tbf->append_data(ms_class, delay_csec, data, len);
		if (rc >= 0)
			tbf->assign_imsi(imsi);
		return rc;
	} 

	return tbf_new_dl_assignment(bts, imsi, tlli, ms_class, data, len);
}

struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf_alloc_ul(struct gprs_rlcmac_bts *bts,
	int8_t use_trx, uint8_t ms_class,
	uint32_t tlli, uint8_t ta, struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *dl_tbf)
{
	uint8_t trx;
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf;
	int8_t tfi; /* must be signed */

#warning "Copy and paste with tbf_new_dl_assignment"
	/* create new TBF, use sme TRX as DL TBF */
	tfi = bts->bts->tfi_find_free(GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF, &trx, use_trx);
	if (tfi < 0) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "No PDCH resource\n");
		/* FIXME: send reject */
		return NULL;
	}
	/* use multislot class of downlink TBF */
	tbf = tbf_alloc(bts, dl_tbf, GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF, tfi, trx, ms_class, 0);
	if (!tbf) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "No PDCH resource\n");
		/* FIXME: send reject */
		return NULL;
	}
	tbf->m_tlli = tlli;
	tbf->m_tlli_valid = 1; /* no contention resolution */
	tbf->dir.ul.contention_resolution_done = 1;
	tbf->ta = ta; /* use current TA */
	tbf_new_state(tbf, GPRS_RLCMAC_ASSIGN);
	tbf->state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_PACCH);
	tbf_timer_start(tbf, 3169, bts->t3169, 0);

	return tbf;
}

static void tbf_unlink_pdch(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf)
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_pdch *pdch;
	int ts;

	if (tbf->direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF) {
		tbf->trx->ul_tbf[tbf->tfi()] = NULL;
		for (ts = 0; ts < 8; ts++) {
			pdch = tbf->pdch[ts];
			if (pdch)
				pdch->ul_tbf[tbf->tfi()] = NULL;
			tbf->pdch[ts] = NULL;
		}
	} else {
		tbf->trx->dl_tbf[tbf->tfi()] = NULL;
		for (ts = 0; ts < 8; ts++) {
			pdch = tbf->pdch[ts];
			if (pdch)
				pdch->dl_tbf[tbf->tfi()] = NULL;
			tbf->pdch[ts] = NULL;
		}
	}
}

void tbf_free(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf)
{
	/* Give final measurement report */
	gprs_rlcmac_rssi_rep(tbf);
	gprs_rlcmac_lost_rep(tbf);

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "%s free\n", tbf_name(tbf));
	if (tbf->ul_ass_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_NONE)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR, "%s Software error: Pending uplink "
			"assignment. This may not happen, because the "
			"assignment message never gets transmitted. Please "
			"be sure not to free in this state. PLEASE FIX!\n",
			tbf_name(tbf));
	if (tbf->dl_ass_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_NONE)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR, "%s Software error: Pending downlink "
			"assignment. This may not happen, because the "
			"assignment message never gets transmitted. Please "
			"be sure not to free in this state. PLEASE FIX!\n",
			tbf_name(tbf));
	tbf->stop_timer();
	#warning "TODO: Could/Should generate  bssgp_tx_llc_discarded"
	tbf->m_llc.clear(tbf->bts);
	tbf_unlink_pdch(tbf);
	llist_del(&tbf->list);

	if (tbf->direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF)
		tbf->bts->tbf_ul_freed();
	else
		tbf->bts->tbf_dl_freed();

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "********** TBF ends here **********\n");
	talloc_free(tbf);
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::update()
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *ul_tbf = NULL;
	struct gprs_rlcmac_bts *bts_data = bts->bts_data();
	int rc;

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "********** TBF update **********\n");

	if (direction != GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!ms_class) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Cannot update, no class\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ul_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(m_tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF);

	tbf_unlink_pdch(this);
	rc = bts_data->alloc_algorithm(bts_data, ul_tbf, this, bts_data->alloc_algorithm_curst, 0);
	/* if no resource */
	if (rc < 0) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR, "No resource after update???\n");
		return -rc;
	}

	return 0;
}

int tbf_assign_control_ts(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf)
{
	if (tbf->control_ts == 0xff)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "- Setting Control TS %d\n",
			tbf->first_common_ts);
	else if (tbf->control_ts != tbf->first_common_ts)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "- Changing Control TS %d\n",
			tbf->first_common_ts);
	tbf->control_ts = tbf->first_common_ts;

	return 0;
}

static const char *tbf_state_name[] = {
	"NULL",
	"ASSIGN",
	"FLOW",
	"FINISHED",
	"WAIT RELEASE",
	"RELEASING",
};

void tbf_new_state(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf,
	enum gprs_rlcmac_tbf_state state)
{
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s changes state from %s to %s\n",
		tbf_name(tbf),
		tbf_state_name[tbf->state], tbf_state_name[state]);
	tbf->set_state(state);
}

void tbf_timer_start(struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf, unsigned int T,
			unsigned int seconds, unsigned int microseconds)
{
	if (!osmo_timer_pending(&tbf->timer))
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s starting timer %u.\n",
			tbf_name(tbf), T);
	else
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s restarting timer %u "
			"while old timer %u pending \n",
			tbf_name(tbf), T, tbf->T);

	tbf->T = T;
	tbf->num_T_exp = 0;

	/* Tunning timers can be safely re-scheduled. */
	tbf->timer.data = tbf;
	tbf->timer.cb = &tbf_timer_cb;

	osmo_timer_schedule(&tbf->timer, seconds, microseconds);
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::stop_t3191()
{
	return stop_timer();
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::stop_timer()
{
	if (osmo_timer_pending(&timer)) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s stopping timer %u.\n",
			tbf_name(this), T);
		osmo_timer_del(&timer);
	}
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::poll_timeout()
{
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s poll timeout\n",
		tbf_name(this));

	poll_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_NONE;

	if (ul_ack_state == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_WAIT_ACK) {
		if (!(state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_UL_ACK))) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Timeout for polling "
				"PACKET CONTROL ACK for PACKET UPLINK ACK\n");
			rlcmac_diag();
			state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_UL_ACK);
		}
		ul_ack_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_NONE;
		if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED)) {
			dir.ul.n3103++;
			if (dir.ul.n3103 == bts->bts_data()->n3103) {
				LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE,
					"- N3103 exceeded\n");
				tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_RELEASING);
				tbf_timer_start(this, 3169, bts->bts_data()->t3169, 0);
				return;
			}
			/* reschedule UL ack */
			ul_ack_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_SEND_ACK;
		}
	} else if (ul_ass_state == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_WAIT_ACK) {
		if (!(state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_UL_ASS))) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Timeout for polling "
				"PACKET CONTROL ACK for PACKET UPLINK "
				"ASSIGNMENT.\n");
			rlcmac_diag();
			state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_UL_ASS);
		}
		ul_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_NONE;
		n3105++;
		if (n3105 == bts_data()->n3105) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- N3105 exceeded\n");
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_RELEASING);
			tbf_timer_start(this, 3195, bts_data()->t3195, 0);
			return;
		}
		/* reschedule UL assignment */
		ul_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_SEND_ASS;
	} else if (dl_ass_state == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_WAIT_ACK) {
		if (!(state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_DL_ASS))) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Timeout for polling "
				"PACKET CONTROL ACK for PACKET DOWNLINK "
				"ASSIGNMENT.\n");
			rlcmac_diag();
			state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_DL_ASS);
		}
		dl_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_NONE;
		n3105++;
		if (n3105 == bts->bts_data()->n3105) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- N3105 exceeded\n");
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_RELEASING);
			tbf_timer_start(this, 3195, bts_data()->t3195, 0);
			return;
		}
		/* reschedule DL assignment */
		dl_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_SEND_ASS;
	} else if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF) {
		if (!(state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_DL_ACK))) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Timeout for polling "
				"PACKET DOWNLINK ACK.\n");
			rlcmac_diag();
			state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_DL_ACK);
		}
		n3105++;
		if (n3105 == bts->bts_data()->n3105) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- N3105 exceeded\n");
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_RELEASING);
			tbf_timer_start(this, 3195, bts_data()->t3195, 0);
			return;
		}
		/* resend IMM.ASS on CCCH on timeout */
		if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_CCCH))
		 && !(state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_DL_ACK))) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Re-send dowlink assignment "
				"for %s on PCH (IMSI=%s)\n",
				tbf_name(this),
				m_imsi);
			/* send immediate assignment */
			bts->snd_dl_ass(this, 0, m_imsi);
			dir.dl.wait_confirm = 1;
		}
	} else
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR, "- Poll Timeout, but no event!\n");
}

struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf_alloc(struct gprs_rlcmac_bts *bts,
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *old_tbf, enum gprs_rlcmac_tbf_direction dir,
	uint8_t tfi, uint8_t trx,
	uint8_t ms_class, uint8_t single_slot)
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf;
	int rc;

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "********** TBF starts here **********\n");
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "Allocating %s TBF: TFI=%d TRX=%d "
		"MS_CLASS=%d\n", (dir == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF) ? "UL" : "DL",
		tfi, trx, ms_class);

	if (trx >= 8 || tfi >= 32)
		return NULL;

	tbf = talloc_zero(tall_pcu_ctx, struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf);
	if (!tbf)
		return NULL;

	tbf->bts = bts->bts;
	tbf->direction = dir;
	tbf->m_tfi = tfi;
	tbf->trx = &bts->trx[trx];
	tbf->ms_class = ms_class;
	/* select algorithm */
	rc = bts->alloc_algorithm(bts, old_tbf, tbf, bts->alloc_algorithm_curst,
		single_slot);
	/* if no resource */
	if (rc < 0) {
		talloc_free(tbf);
		return NULL;
	}
	/* assign control ts */
	tbf->control_ts = 0xff;
	rc = tbf_assign_control_ts(tbf);
	/* if no resource */
	if (rc < 0) {
		talloc_free(tbf);
		return NULL;
	}

	/* set timestamp */
	gettimeofday(&tbf->meas.dl_bw_tv, NULL);
	gettimeofday(&tbf->meas.rssi_tv, NULL);
	gettimeofday(&tbf->meas.dl_loss_tv, NULL);

	tbf->m_llc.init();
	if (dir == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF) {
		llist_add(&tbf->list, &bts->ul_tbfs);
		tbf->bts->tbf_ul_created();
	} else {
		llist_add(&tbf->list, &bts->dl_tbfs);
		tbf->bts->tbf_dl_created();
	}

	return tbf;
}

static void tbf_timer_cb(void *_tbf)
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf = (struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *)_tbf;
	tbf->handle_timeout();
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::handle_timeout()
{
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s timer %u expired.\n",
		tbf_name(this), T);

	num_T_exp++;

	switch (T) {
	case 0: /* assignment */
		if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_PACCH))) {
			if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_ASSIGN)) {
				LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s releasing due to "
					"PACCH assignment timeout.\n", tbf_name(this));
				tbf_free(this);
			} else
				LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR, "Error: %s is not "
					"in assign state\n", tbf_name(this));
		}
		if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_CCCH))) {
			/* change state to FLOW, so scheduler will start transmission */
			dir.dl.wait_confirm = 0;
			if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_ASSIGN)) {
				tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_FLOW);
				tbf_assign_control_ts(this);
			} else
				LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s Continue flow after "
					"IMM.ASS confirm\n", tbf_name(this));
		}
		break;
	case 3169:
	case 3191:
	case 3195:
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s T%d timeout during "
			"transsmission\n", tbf_name(this), T);
		rlcmac_diag();
		/* fall through */
	case 3193:
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG,
			"%s will be freed due to timeout\n", tbf_name(this));
		/* free TBF */
		tbf_free(this);
		break;
	default:
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_ERROR,
			"%s timer expired in unknown mode: %u\n", tbf_name(this), T);
	}
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::rlcmac_diag()
{
	if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_CCCH)))
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Assignment was on CCCH\n");
	if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_PACCH)))
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Assignment was on PACCH\n");
	if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_UL_DATA)))
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Uplink data was received\n");
	else if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- No uplink data received yet\n");
	if ((state_flags & (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_DL_ACK)))
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Downlink ACK was received\n");
	else if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF)
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "- No downlink ACK received yet\n");

	return 0;
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::llc_dequeue(bssgp_bvc_ctx *bctx)
{
	struct msgb *msg;
	struct timeval *tv, tv_now;
	uint32_t octets = 0, frames = 0;

	gettimeofday(&tv_now, NULL);

	while ((msg = m_llc.dequeue())) {
		tv = (struct timeval *)msg->data;
		msgb_pull(msg, sizeof(*tv));

		if (gprs_llc::is_frame_expired(&tv_now, tv)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s Discarding LLC PDU "
				"because lifetime limit reached\n",
				tbf_name(this));
			bts->llc_timedout_frame();
			frames++;
			octets += msg->len;
			msgb_free(msg);
			continue;
		}
		break;
	}

	if (frames) {
		if (frames > 0xff)
			frames = 0xff;
		if (octets > 0xffffff)
			octets = 0xffffff;
		bssgp_tx_llc_discarded(bctx, m_tlli, frames, octets);
	}

	return msg;
}

/*
 * Store received block data in LLC message(s) and forward to SGSN
 * if complete.
 */
int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::assemble_forward_llc(const gprs_rlc_data *_data)
{
	const uint8_t *data = _data->block;
	uint8_t len = _data->len;
	const struct rlc_ul_header *rh = (const struct rlc_ul_header *) data;
	uint8_t e, m;
	struct rlc_li_field *li;
	uint8_t frame_offset[16], offset = 0, chunk;
	int i, frames = 0;

	LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Assembling frames: (len=%d)\n", len);

	data += 3;
	len -= 3;
	e = rh->e; /* if extended */
	m = 1; /* more frames, that means: the first frame */

	/* Parse frame offsets from length indicator(s), if any. */
	while (1) {
		if (frames == (int)sizeof(frame_offset)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_ERROR, "%s too many frames in "
				"block\n", tbf_name(this));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		frame_offset[frames++] = offset;
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Frame %d starts at offset "
			"%d\n", frames, offset);
		if (!len)
			break;
		/* M == 0 and E == 0 is not allowed in this version. */
		if (!m && !e) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s UL DATA "
				"ignored, because M='0' and E='0'.\n",
				tbf_name(this));
			return 0;
		}
		/* no more frames in this segment */
		if (e) {
			break;
		}
		/* There is a new frame and an LI that delimits it. */
		if (m) {
			li = (struct rlc_li_field *)data;
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Delimiter len=%d\n",
				li->li);
			/* Special case: LI == 0
			 * If the last segment would fit precisely into the
			 * rest of the RLC MAC block, there would be no way
			 * to delimit that this segment ends and is not
			 * continued in the next block.
			 * The special LI (0) is used to force the segment to
			 * extend into the next block, so it is delimited there.
			 * This LI must be skipped. Also it is the last LI.
			 */
			if (li->li == 0) {
				data++;
				len--;
				m = 1; /* M is ignored, we know there is more */
				break; /* handle E as '1', so we break! */
			}
			e = li->e;
			m = li->m;
			offset += li->li;
			data++;
			len--;
			continue;
		}
	}
	if (!m) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Last frame carries spare "
			"data\n");
	}

	LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Data length after length fields: %d\n",
		len);
	/* TLLI */
	if (rh->ti) {
		if (len < 4) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s UL DATA TLLI out of "
				"frame border\n", tbf_name(this));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		data += 4;
		len -= 4;
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Length after skipping TLLI: "
			"%d\n", len);
	}

	/* PFI */
	if (rh->pi) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_ERROR, "ERROR: PFI not supported, "
			"please disable in SYSTEM INFORMATION\n");
		if (len < 1) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s UL DATA PFI out of "
				"frame border\n", tbf_name(this));
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		data++;
		len--;
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Length after skipping PFI: "
			"%d\n", len);
	}

	/* Now we have:
	 * - a list of frames offsets: frame_offset[]
	 * - number of frames: i
	 * - m == 0: Last frame carries spare data (end of TBF).
	 */

	/* Check if last offset would exceed frame. */
	if (offset > len) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s UL DATA ignored, "
			"because LI delimits data that exceeds block size.\n",
			tbf_name(this));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* create LLC frames */
	for (i = 0; i < frames; i++) {
		/* last frame ? */
		if (i == frames - 1) {
			/* no more data in last frame */
			if (!m)
				break;
			/* data until end of frame */
			chunk = len - frame_offset[i];
		} else {
			/* data until next frame */
			chunk = frame_offset[i + 1] - frame_offset[i];
		}
		if (!m_llc.fits_in_current_frame(chunk)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "%s LLC frame exceeds "
				"maximum size %u.\n", tbf_name(this),
				m_llc.remaining_space());
			chunk = m_llc.remaining_space();
		}
		m_llc.append_frame(data + frame_offset[i], chunk);
		m_llc.consume(chunk);
		/* not last frame. */
		if (i != frames - 1) {
			/* send frame to SGSN */
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_INFO, "%s complete UL frame len=%d\n",
				tbf_name(this) , m_llc.frame_length());
			snd_ul_ud();
			m_llc.reset();
		/* also check if CV==0, because the frame may fill up the
		 * block precisely, then it is also complete. normally the
		 * frame would be extended into the next block with a 0-length
		 * delimiter added to this block. */
		} else if (rh->cv == 0) {
			/* send frame to SGSN */
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_INFO, "%s complete UL frame "
				"that fits precisely in last block: "
				"len=%d\n", tbf_name(this), m_llc.frame_length());
			snd_ul_ud();
			m_llc.reset();
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Create DL data block
 * The messages are fragmented and forwarded as data blocks.
 */
struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_dl_acked_block(uint32_t fn, uint8_t ts)
{
	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s downlink (V(A)==%d .. "
		"V(S)==%d)\n", tbf_name(this),
		dir.dl.window.v_a(), dir.dl.window.v_s());

do_resend:
	/* check if there is a block with negative acknowledgement */
	int resend_bsn = dir.dl.v_b.resend_needed(dir.dl.window);
	if (resend_bsn >= 0) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Resending BSN %d\n", resend_bsn);

		uint16_t index = resend_bsn & dir.dl.window.mod_sns_half();
		/* re-send block with negative aknowlegement */
		dir.dl.v_b.mark_unacked(index);
		bts->rlc_resent();
		return create_dl_acked_block(fn, ts, index, false);
	}

	/* if the window has stalled, or transfer is complete,
	 * send an unacknowledged block */
	if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED) || dl_window_stalled()) {
		if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Restarting at BSN %d, "
				"because all blocks have been transmitted.\n",
					dir.dl.window.v_a());
			bts->rlc_restarted();
		} else {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Restarting at BSN %d, "
				"because all window is stalled.\n",
					dir.dl.window.v_a());
			bts->rlc_stalled();
		}
		/* If V(S) == V(A) and finished state, we would have received
		 * acknowledgement of all transmitted block. In this case we
		 * would have transmitted the final block, and received ack
		 * from MS. But in this case we did not receive the final ack
		 * indication from MS. This should never happen if MS works
		 * correctly. */
		if (dir.dl.window.window_empty()) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- MS acked all blocks, "
				"so we re-transmit final block!\n");
			/* we just send final block again */
			int16_t index = dir.dl.window.v_s_mod_half(-1);
			bts->rlc_resent();
			return create_dl_acked_block(fn, ts, index, false);
		}
		
		/* cycle through all unacked blocks */
		int resend = dir.dl.v_b.mark_for_resend(dir.dl.window);

		/* At this point there should be at least one unacked block
		 * to be resent. If not, this is an software error. */
		if (resend == 0) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_ERROR, "Software error: "
				"There are no unacknowledged blocks, but V(A) "
				" != V(S). PLEASE FIX!\n");
			/* we just send final block again */
			int16_t index = dir.dl.window.v_s_mod_half(-1);
			bts->rlc_resent();
			return create_dl_acked_block(fn, ts, index, false);
		}
		goto do_resend;
	}

	return create_new_bsn(fn, ts);
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_new_bsn(const uint32_t fn, const uint8_t ts)
{
	struct rlc_dl_header *rh;
	struct rlc_li_field *li;
	struct msgb *msg;
	uint16_t index;
	uint8_t *delimiter, *data, *e_pointer;
	uint16_t space, chunk;
	bool first_fin_ack = false;

	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Sending new block at BSN %d\n",
		dir.dl.window.v_s());

#warning "Selection of the CS doesn't belong here"
	if (cs == 0) {
		cs = bts_data()->initial_cs_dl;
		if (cs < 1 || cs > 4)
			cs = 1;
	}
	/* total length of block, including spare bits */
	const uint8_t block_length = gprs_rlcmac_cs[cs].block_length;
	/* length of usable data of block, w/o spare bits, inc. MAC */
	const uint8_t block_data_len = gprs_rlcmac_cs[cs].block_data;

	/* now we still have untransmitted LLC data, so we fill mac block */
	index = dir.dl.window.v_s_mod_half(0);
	data = m_rlc.blocks[index].prepare(block_data_len);

	rh = (struct rlc_dl_header *)data;
	rh->pt = 0; /* Data Block */
	rh->rrbp = rh->s_p = 0; /* Polling, set later, if required */
	rh->usf = 7; /* will be set at scheduler */
	rh->pr = 0; /* FIXME: power reduction */
	rh->tfi = m_tfi; /* TFI */
	rh->fbi = 0; /* Final Block Indicator, set late, if true */
	rh->bsn = dir.dl.window.v_s(); /* Block Sequence Number */
	rh->e = 0; /* Extension bit, maybe set later */
	e_pointer = data + 2; /* points to E of current chunk */
	data += sizeof(*rh);
	delimiter = data; /* where next length header would be stored */
	space = block_data_len - sizeof(*rh);
	while (1) {
		chunk = m_llc.chunk_size();
		/* if chunk will exceed block limit */
		if (chunk > space) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Chunk with length %d "
				"larger than space (%d) left in block: copy "
				"only remaining space, and we are done\n",
				chunk, space);
			/* block is filled, so there is no extension */
			*e_pointer |= 0x01;
			/* fill only space */
			m_llc.consume(data, space);
			/* return data block as message */
			break;
		}
		/* if FINAL chunk would fit precisely in space left */
		if (chunk == space && llist_empty(&m_llc.queue)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Chunk with length %d "
				"would exactly fit into space (%d): because "
				"this is a final block, we don't add length "
				"header, and we are done\n", chunk, space);
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_INFO, "Complete DL frame for "
				"%s that fits precisely in last block: "
				"len=%d\n", tbf_name(this), m_llc.frame_length());
			gprs_rlcmac_dl_bw(this, m_llc.frame_length());
			/* block is filled, so there is no extension */
			*e_pointer |= 0x01;
			/* fill space */
			m_llc.consume(data, space);
			m_llc.reset();
			/* final block */
			rh->fbi = 1; /* we indicate final block */
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED);
			/* return data block as message */
			break;
		}
		/* if chunk would fit exactly in space left */
		if (chunk == space) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Chunk with length %d "
				"would exactly fit into space (%d): add length "
				"header with LI=0, to make frame extend to "
				"next block, and we are done\n", chunk, space);
			/* make space for delimiter */
			if (delimiter != data)
				memmove(delimiter + 1, delimiter,
					data - delimiter);
			data++;
			space--;
			/* add LI with 0 length */
			li = (struct rlc_li_field *)delimiter;
			li->e = 1; /* not more extension */
			li->m = 0; /* shall be set to 0, in case of li = 0 */
			li->li = 0; /* chunk fills the complete space */
			// no need to set e_pointer nor increase delimiter
			/* fill only space, which is 1 octet less than chunk */
			m_llc.consume(data, space);
			/* return data block as message */
			break;
		}
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Chunk with length %d is less "
			"than remaining space (%d): add length header to "
			"to delimit LLC frame\n", chunk, space);
		/* the LLC frame chunk ends in this block */
		/* make space for delimiter */
		if (delimiter != data)
			memmove(delimiter + 1, delimiter, data - delimiter);
		data++;
		space--;
		/* add LI to delimit frame */
		li = (struct rlc_li_field *)delimiter;
		li->e = 0; /* Extension bit, maybe set later */
		li->m = 0; /* will be set later, if there is more LLC data */
		li->li = chunk; /* length of chunk */
		e_pointer = delimiter; /* points to E of current delimiter */
		delimiter++;
		/* copy (rest of) LLC frame to space and reset later */
		m_llc.consume(data, chunk);
		data += chunk;
		space -= chunk;
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_INFO, "Complete DL frame for %s"
			"len=%d\n", tbf_name(this), m_llc.frame_length());
		gprs_rlcmac_dl_bw(this, m_llc.frame_length());
		m_llc.reset();
		/* dequeue next LLC frame, if any */
		msg = llc_dequeue(gprs_bssgp_pcu_current_bctx());
		if (msg) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_INFO, "- Dequeue next LLC for "
				"%s (len=%d)\n", tbf_name(this), msg->len);
			m_llc.put_frame(msg->data, msg->len);
			bts->llc_frame_sched();
			msgb_free(msg);
		}
		/* if we have more data and we have space left */
		if (space > 0 && m_llc.frame_length()) {
			li->m = 1; /* we indicate more frames to follow */
			continue;
		}
		/* if we don't have more LLC frames */
		if (!m_llc.frame_length()) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- Final block, so we "
				"done.\n");
			li->e = 1; /* we cannot extend */
			rh->fbi = 1; /* we indicate final block */
			first_fin_ack = true;
				/* + 1 indicates: first final ack */
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED);
			break;
		}
		/* we have no space left */
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-- No space left, so we are "
			"done.\n");
		li->e = 1; /* we cannot extend */
		break;
	}
	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "data block: %s\n",
		osmo_hexdump(m_rlc.blocks[index].block, block_length));
#warning "move this up?"
	m_rlc.blocks[index].len = block_length;
	/* raise send state and set ack state array */
	dir.dl.v_b.mark_unacked(index);
	dir.dl.window.increment_send();

	return create_dl_acked_block(fn, ts, index, first_fin_ack);
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_dl_acked_block(
				const uint32_t fn, const uint8_t ts,
				const int index, const bool first_fin_ack)
{
	uint8_t *data;
	struct rlc_dl_header *rh;
	struct msgb *dl_msg;
	uint8_t len;

	/* get data and header from current block */
	data = m_rlc.blocks[index].block;
	len = m_rlc.blocks[index].len;
	rh = (struct rlc_dl_header *)data;

	/* Clear Polling, if still set in history buffer */
	rh->s_p = 0;
		
	/* poll after POLL_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES frames, or when final block is tx.
	 */
	if (dir.dl.tx_counter >= POLL_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES || first_fin_ack) {
		if (first_fin_ack) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack "
				"polling, because first final block sent.\n");
		} else {
			LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack "
				"polling, because %d blocks sent.\n",
				POLL_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES);
		}
		/* scheduling not possible, because: */
		if (poll_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_NONE)
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already "
				"sheduled for %s, so we must wait for "
				"requesting downlink ack\n", tbf_name(this));
		else if (control_ts != ts)
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling cannot be "
				"sheduled in this TS %d, waiting for "
				"TS %d\n", ts, control_ts);
#warning "What happens to the first_fin_ack in case something is already scheduled?"
		else if (bts->sba()->find(trx->trx_no, ts, (fn + 13) % 2715648))
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling cannot be "
				"sheduled, because single block alllocation "
				"already exists\n");
		else  {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling sheduled in this "
				"TS %d\n", ts);
			dir.dl.tx_counter = 0;
			/* start timer whenever we send the final block */
			if (rh->fbi == 1)
				tbf_timer_start(this, 3191, bts_data()->t3191, 0);

			/* schedule polling */
			poll_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_SCHED;
			poll_fn = (fn + 13) % 2715648;

			/* set polling in header */
			rh->rrbp = 0; /* N+13 */
			rh->s_p = 1; /* Polling */
		}
	}

	/* return data block as message */
	dl_msg = msgb_alloc(len, "rlcmac_dl_data");
	if (!dl_msg)
		return NULL;

	/* Increment TX-counter */
	dir.dl.tx_counter++;

	memcpy(msgb_put(dl_msg, len), data, len);
	bts->rlc_sent();

	return dl_msg;
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_dl_ass(uint32_t fn)
{
	struct msgb *msg;
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *new_tbf;
	int poll_ass_dl = 1;

	if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF && control_ts != first_common_ts) {
		LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE, "Cannot poll for downlink "
			"assigment, because MS cannot reply. (control TS=%d, "
			"first common TS=%d)\n", control_ts,
			first_common_ts);
		poll_ass_dl = 0;
	}
	if (poll_ass_dl) {
		if (poll_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_NONE) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already sheduled "
				"for %s, so we must wait for downlink "
				"assignment...\n", tbf_name(this));
				return NULL;
		}
		if (bts->sba()->find(trx->trx_no, control_ts, (fn + 13) % 2715648)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already "
				"scheduled for single block allocation...\n");
			return NULL;
		}
	}

	/* on uplink TBF we get the downlink TBF to be assigned. */
	if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF) {
		/* be sure to check first, if contention resolution is done,
		 * otherwise we cannot send the assignment yet */
		if (!dir.ul.contention_resolution_done) {
			LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Cannot assign DL TBF now, "
				"because contention resolution is not "
				"finished.\n");
			return NULL;
		}
		#warning "THIS should probably go over the IMSI too"
		new_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(m_tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF);
	} else
		new_tbf = this;
	if (!new_tbf) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_ERROR, "We have a schedule for downlink "
			"assignment at uplink %s, but there is no downlink "
			"TBF\n", tbf_name(this));
		dl_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_NONE;
		return NULL;
	}

	msg = msgb_alloc(23, "rlcmac_dl_ass");
	if (!msg)
		return NULL;
	bitvec *ass_vec = bitvec_alloc(23);
	if (!ass_vec) {
		msgb_free(msg);
		return NULL;
	}
	bitvec_unhex(ass_vec,
		"2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b");
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "%s  start Packet Downlink Assignment (PACCH)\n", tbf_name(new_tbf));
	RlcMacDownlink_t * mac_control_block = (RlcMacDownlink_t *)talloc_zero(tall_pcu_ctx, RlcMacDownlink_t);
	Encoding::write_packet_downlink_assignment(mac_control_block, m_tfi,
		(direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF), new_tbf,
		poll_ass_dl, bts_data()->alpha, bts_data()->gamma, -1, 0);
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "+++++++++++++++++++++++++ TX : Packet Downlink Assignment +++++++++++++++++++++++++\n");
	encode_gsm_rlcmac_downlink(ass_vec, mac_control_block);
	LOGPC(DCSN1, LOGL_NOTICE, "\n");
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "------------------------- TX : Packet Downlink Assignment -------------------------\n");
	bitvec_pack(ass_vec, msgb_put(msg, 23));
	bitvec_free(ass_vec);
	talloc_free(mac_control_block);

	if (poll_ass_dl) {
		poll_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_SCHED;
		poll_fn = (fn + 13) % 2715648;
		dl_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_WAIT_ACK;
	} else {
		dl_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_ASS_NONE;
		tbf_new_state(new_tbf, GPRS_RLCMAC_FLOW);
		tbf_assign_control_ts(new_tbf);
		/* stop pending assignment timer */
		new_tbf->stop_timer();

	}

	return msg;
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_ul_ass(uint32_t fn)
{
	struct msgb *msg;
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *new_tbf;

	if (poll_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_NONE) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already "
			"sheduled for %s, so we must wait for uplink "
			"assignment...\n", tbf_name(this));
			return NULL;
	}
	if (bts->sba()->find(trx->trx_no, control_ts, (fn + 13) % 2715648)) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already scheduled for "
			"single block allocation...\n");
			return NULL;
	}

	/* on down TBF we get the uplink TBF to be assigned. */
#warning "Probably want to find by IMSI too"
	if (direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF)
		new_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(m_tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF);
	else
		new_tbf = this;

	if (!new_tbf) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_ERROR, "We have a schedule for uplink "
			"assignment at downlink %s, but there is no uplink "
			"TBF\n", tbf_name(this));
		ul_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_NONE;
		return NULL;
	}

	msg = msgb_alloc(23, "rlcmac_ul_ass");
	if (!msg)
		return NULL;
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_INFO, "%ss start Packet Uplink Assignment (PACCH)\n", tbf_name(new_tbf));
	bitvec *ass_vec = bitvec_alloc(23);
	if (!ass_vec) {
		msgb_free(msg);
		return NULL;
	}
	bitvec_unhex(ass_vec,
		"2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b");
	Encoding::write_packet_uplink_assignment(bts_data(), ass_vec, m_tfi,
		(direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF), m_tlli,
		m_tlli_valid, new_tbf, 1, bts_data()->alpha,
		bts_data()->gamma, -1);
	bitvec_pack(ass_vec, msgb_put(msg, 23));
	RlcMacDownlink_t * mac_control_block = (RlcMacDownlink_t *)talloc_zero(tall_pcu_ctx, RlcMacDownlink_t);
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "+++++++++++++++++++++++++ TX : Packet Uplink Assignment +++++++++++++++++++++++++\n");
	decode_gsm_rlcmac_downlink(ass_vec, mac_control_block);
	LOGPC(DCSN1, LOGL_NOTICE, "\n");
	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "------------------------- TX : Packet Uplink Assignment -------------------------\n");
	bitvec_free(ass_vec);
	talloc_free(mac_control_block);

	poll_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_SCHED;
	poll_fn = (fn + 13) % 2715648;
	ul_ass_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ASS_WAIT_ACK;

	return msg;
}

struct msgb *gprs_rlcmac_tbf::create_ul_ack(uint32_t fn)
{
	int final = (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED));
	struct msgb *msg;

	if (final) {
		if (poll_state != GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_NONE) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already "
				"sheduled for %s, so we must wait for "
				"final uplink ack...\n", tbf_name(this));
			return NULL;
		}
		if (bts->sba()->find(trx->trx_no, control_ts, (fn + 13) % 2715648)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "Polling is already "
				"scheduled for single block allocation...\n");
			return NULL;
		}
	}

	msg = msgb_alloc(23, "rlcmac_ul_ack");
	if (!msg)
		return NULL;
	bitvec *ack_vec = bitvec_alloc(23);
	if (!ack_vec) {
		msgb_free(msg);
		return NULL;
	}
	bitvec_unhex(ack_vec,
		"2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b2b");
	RlcMacDownlink_t * mac_control_block = (RlcMacDownlink_t *)talloc_zero(tall_pcu_ctx, RlcMacDownlink_t);
	Encoding::write_packet_uplink_ack(bts_data(), mac_control_block, this, final);
	encode_gsm_rlcmac_downlink(ack_vec, mac_control_block);
	bitvec_pack(ack_vec, msgb_put(msg, 23));
	bitvec_free(ack_vec);
	talloc_free(mac_control_block);

	/* now we must set this flag, so we are allowed to assign downlink
	 * TBF on PACCH. it is only allowed when TLLI is acknowledged. */
	dir.ul.contention_resolution_done = 1;

	if (final) {
		poll_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_POLL_SCHED;
		poll_fn = (fn + 13) % 2715648;
		/* waiting for final acknowledge */
		ul_ack_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_WAIT_ACK;
		dir.ul.final_ack_sent = 1;
	} else
		ul_ack_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_NONE;

	return msg;
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::update_window(const uint8_t ssn, const uint8_t *rbb)
{
	int16_t dist; /* must be signed */
	uint16_t lost = 0, received = 0;
	char show_rbb[65];
	char show_v_b[RLC_MAX_SNS + 1];
	const uint16_t mod_sns = dir.dl.window.mod_sns();

	Decoding::extract_rbb(rbb, show_rbb);
	/* show received array in debug (bit 64..1) */
	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- ack:  (BSN=%d)\"%s\""
		"(BSN=%d)  1=ACK o=NACK\n", (ssn - 64) & mod_sns,
		show_rbb, (ssn - 1) & mod_sns);

	/* apply received array to receive state (SSN-64..SSN-1) */
	/* calculate distance of ssn from V(S) */
	dist = (dir.dl.window.v_s() - ssn) & mod_sns;
	/* check if distance is less than distance V(A)..V(S) */
	if (dist >= dir.dl.window.distance()) {
		/* this might happpen, if the downlink assignment
		 * was not received by ms and the ack refers
		 * to previous TBF
		 * FIXME: we should implement polling for
		 * control ack!*/
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_NOTICE, "- ack range is out of "
			"V(A)..V(S) range %s Free TBF!\n", tbf_name(this));
		return 1; /* indicate to free TBF */
	}

	dir.dl.v_b.update(bts, show_rbb, ssn, dir.dl.window,
			&lost, &received);

	/* report lost and received packets */
	gprs_rlcmac_received_lost(this, received, lost);

	/* raise V(A), if possible */
	dir.dl.window.raise(dir.dl.v_b.move_window(dir.dl.window));

	/* show receive state array in debug (V(A)..V(S)-1) */
	dir.dl.v_b.state(show_v_b, dir.dl.window);
	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- V(B): (V(A)=%d)\"%s\""
		"(V(S)-1=%d)  A=Acked N=Nacked U=Unacked "
		"X=Resend-Unacked I=Invalid\n",
		dir.dl.window.v_a(), show_v_b,
		dir.dl.window.v_s_mod(-1));

	if (state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED) && dir.dl.window.window_empty()) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_NOTICE, "Received acknowledge of "
			"all blocks, but without final ack "
			"inidcation (don't worry)\n");
	}
	return 0;
}


int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::maybe_start_new_window()
{
	struct msgb *msg;
	uint16_t received;

	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Final ACK received.\n");
	/* range V(A)..V(S)-1 */
	received = dir.dl.v_b.count_unacked(dir.dl.window);

	/* report all outstanding packets as received */
	gprs_rlcmac_received_lost(this, received, 0);

	/* check for LLC PDU in the LLC Queue */
	msg = llc_dequeue(gprs_bssgp_pcu_current_bctx());
	if (!msg) {
		/* no message, start T3193, change state to RELEASE */
		LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- No new message, so we release.\n");
		/* start T3193 */
		tbf_timer_start(this, 3193,
			bts_data()->t3193_msec / 1000,
			(bts_data()->t3193_msec % 1000) * 1000);
		tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_WAIT_RELEASE);

		return 0;
	}

	/* we have more data so we will re-use this tbf */
	reuse_tbf(msg->data, msg->len);
	msgb_free(msg);
	return 0;
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::snd_dl_ack(uint8_t final_ack, uint8_t ssn, uint8_t *rbb)
{
	LOGP(DRLCMACDL, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s downlink acknowledge\n", tbf_name(this));

	if (!final_ack)
		return update_window(ssn, rbb);
	return maybe_start_new_window();
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::free_all(struct gprs_rlcmac_trx *trx)
{
	for (uint8_t tfi = 0; tfi < 32; tfi++) {
		struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf;

		tbf = trx->ul_tbf[tfi];
		if (tbf)
			tbf_free(tbf);
		tbf = trx->dl_tbf[tfi];
		if (tbf)
			tbf_free(tbf);
	}
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::free_all(struct gprs_rlcmac_pdch *pdch)
{
	for (uint8_t tfi = 0; tfi < 32; tfi++) {
		struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf;

		tbf = pdch->ul_tbf[tfi];
		if (tbf)
			tbf_free(tbf);
		tbf = pdch->dl_tbf[tfi];
		if (tbf)
			tbf_free(tbf);
	}
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::tlli_mark_valid()
{
	m_tlli_valid = true;
}

void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::update_tlli(uint32_t tlli)
{
	if (tlli == m_tlli)
		return;

	bool changedUl = false;

	/*
	 * During a Routing Area Update (due the assignment of a new
	 * P-TMSI) the tlli can change. We notice this when receiving
	 * a PACKET CONTROL ACK.
	 * When we get a TLLI change on the DL we will look if there
	 * is a UL TBF and change the tlli there as well.
	 *
	 * TODO: There could be multiple DL and UL TBFs and we should
	 * have a proper way to link all the related TBFs so we can do
	 * a group update.
	 */
	if (m_tlli_valid && direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF) {
		gprs_rlcmac_tbf *ul_tbf;
		ul_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(m_tlli, GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF);

		if (ul_tbf) {
			ul_tbf->m_tlli = tlli;
			changedUl = true;
		}
	}

	/* update the timing advance for the new tlli */
	bts->timing_advance()->update(m_tlli, tlli, ta);

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_NOTICE,
		"%s changing tlli from TLLI=0x%08x TLLI=0x%08x ul_changed=%d\n",
		tbf_name(this), m_tlli, tlli, changedUl);
	m_tlli = tlli;
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::extract_tlli(const uint8_t *data, const size_t len)
{
	struct gprs_rlcmac_tbf *dl_tbf, *ul_tbf;
	struct rlc_ul_header *rh = (struct rlc_ul_header *)data;
	uint32_t new_tlli;
	int rc;

	/* no TLLI yet */
	if (!rh->ti) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "UL DATA TFI=%d without "
			"TLLI, but no TLLI received yet\n", rh->tfi);
		return 0;
	}
	rc = Decoding::tlli_from_ul_data(data, len, &new_tlli);
	if (rc) {
		bts->decode_error();
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "Failed to decode TLLI "
		"of UL DATA TFI=%d.\n", rh->tfi);
		return 0;
	}
	update_tlli(new_tlli);
	LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_INFO, "Decoded premier TLLI=0x%08x of "
		"UL DATA TFI=%d.\n", tlli(), rh->tfi);
	if ((dl_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(tlli(), GPRS_RLCMAC_DL_TBF))) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "Got RACH from "
			"TLLI=0x%08x while %s still exists. "
			"Killing pending DL TBF\n", tlli(),
			tbf_name(dl_tbf));
		tbf_free(dl_tbf);
	}
	/* tbf_by_tlli will not find your TLLI, because it is not
	 * yet marked valid */
	if ((ul_tbf = bts->tbf_by_tlli(tlli(), GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF))) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "Got RACH from "
			"TLLI=0x%08x while %s still exists. "
			"Killing pending UL TBF\n", tlli(),
			tbf_name(ul_tbf));
		tbf_free(ul_tbf);
	}
	/* mark TLLI valid now */
	tlli_mark_valid();
	/* store current timing advance */
	bts->timing_advance()->remember(tlli(), ta);
	return 1;
}

int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::rcv_data_block_acknowledged(const uint8_t *data, size_t len, int8_t rssi)
{
	uint16_t offset_v_r, index;
	struct rlc_ul_header *rh = (struct rlc_ul_header *)data;
	int rc;

	const uint16_t mod_sns = dir.ul.window.mod_sns();
	const uint16_t mod_sns_half = dir.ul.window.mod_sns_half();
	const uint16_t ws = dir.ul.window.ws();

	this->state_flags |= (1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_UL_DATA);

	LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "UL DATA TFI=%d received (V(Q)=%d .. "
		"V(R)=%d)\n", rh->tfi, this->dir.ul.window.v_q(),
		this->dir.ul.window.v_r());

	/* process RSSI */
	gprs_rlcmac_rssi(this, rssi);

	/* get TLLI */
	if (!this->is_tlli_valid()) {
		if (!extract_tlli(data, len))
			return 0;
	/* already have TLLI, but we stille get another one */
	} else if (rh->ti) {
		uint32_t tlli;
		rc = Decoding::tlli_from_ul_data(data, len, &tlli);
		if (rc) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "Failed to decode TLLI "
				"of UL DATA TFI=%d.\n", rh->tfi);
			return 0;
		}
		if (tlli != this->tlli()) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "TLLI mismatch on UL "
				"DATA TFI=%d. (Ignoring due to contention "
				"resolution)\n", rh->tfi);
			return 0;
		}
	}

	/* restart T3169 */
	tbf_timer_start(this, 3169, bts_data()->t3169, 0);

	/* Increment RX-counter */
	this->dir.ul.rx_counter++;

	if (!dir.ul.window.is_in_window(rh->bsn)) {
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- BSN %d out of window "
			"%d..%d (it's normal)\n", rh->bsn,
			dir.ul.window.v_q(),
			(dir.ul.window.v_q() + ws - 1) & mod_sns);
		return 0;
	}

	/* Write block to buffer and set receive state array. */
	index = rh->bsn & mod_sns_half; /* memory index of block */
	memcpy(m_rlc.blocks[index].block, data, len); /* Copy block. */
	m_rlc.blocks[index].len = len;
	dir.ul.v_n.mark_received(index);
	LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- BSN %d storing in window (%d..%d)\n",
		rh->bsn, dir.ul.window.v_q(),
		(dir.ul.window.v_q() + ws - 1) & mod_sns);

	/* Raise V(R) to highest received sequence number not received. */
	offset_v_r = (rh->bsn + 1 - dir.ul.window.v_r()) & mod_sns;
	if (offset_v_r < (sns() >> 1)) { /* Positive offset, so raise. */
		while (offset_v_r--) {
			if (offset_v_r) /* all except the received block */
				dir.ul.v_n.mark_missing(dir.ul.window.v_r() & mod_sns_half);
			this->dir.ul.window.raise(1);
				/* Inc V(R). */
		}
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Raising V(R) to %d\n",
			this->dir.ul.window.v_r());
	}

	/* Raise V(Q) if possible, and retrieve LLC frames from blocks.
	 * This is looped until there is a gap (non received block) or
	 * the window is empty.*/
	while (this->dir.ul.window.v_q() != this->dir.ul.window.v_r()) {
		index = dir.ul.window.v_q() & mod_sns_half;
		if (!dir.ul.v_n.is_received(index))
			break;
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Taking block %d out, raising "
			"V(Q) to %d\n", dir.ul.window.v_q(),
			(dir.ul.window.v_q() + 1) & mod_sns);
		/* get LLC data from block */
		assemble_forward_llc(&m_rlc.blocks[index]);
		/* raise V(Q), because block already received */
		dir.ul.window.increment_q(1);
	}

	/* Check CV of last frame in buffer */
	if (this->state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FLOW) /* still in flow state */
	 && this->dir.ul.window.v_q() == this->dir.ul.window.v_r()) { /* if complete */
		struct rlc_ul_header *last_rh = (struct rlc_ul_header *)
			m_rlc.blocks[(this->dir.ul.window.v_r() - 1) & mod_sns_half].block;
		LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- No gaps in received block, "
			"last block: BSN=%d CV=%d\n", last_rh->bsn,
			last_rh->cv);
		if (last_rh->cv == 0) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Finished with UL "
				"TBF\n");
			tbf_new_state(this, GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED);
			/* Reset N3103 counter. */
			this->dir.ul.n3103 = 0;
		}
	}

	/* If TLLI is included or if we received half of the window, we send
	 * an ack/nack */
	if (rh->si || rh->ti || this->state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED)
	 || (this->dir.ul.rx_counter % SEND_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES) == 0) {
		if (rh->si) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_NOTICE, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack, "
				"because MS is stalled.\n");
		}
		if (rh->ti) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack, "
				"because TLLI is included.\n");
		}
		if (this->state_is(GPRS_RLCMAC_FINISHED)) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack, "
				"because last block has CV==0.\n");
		}
		if ((this->dir.ul.rx_counter % SEND_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES) == 0) {
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "- Scheduling Ack/Nack, "
				"because %d frames received.\n",
				SEND_ACK_AFTER_FRAMES);
		}
		if (this->ul_ack_state == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_NONE) {
			/* trigger sending at next RTS */
			this->ul_ack_state = GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_ACK_SEND_ACK;
		} else {
			/* already triggered */
			LOGP(DRLCMACUL, LOGL_DEBUG, "-  Sending Ack/Nack is "
				"already triggered, don't schedule!\n");
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Send Uplink unit-data to SGSN. */
int gprs_rlcmac_tbf::snd_ul_ud()
{
	uint8_t qos_profile[3];
	struct msgb *llc_pdu;
	unsigned msg_len = NS_HDR_LEN + BSSGP_HDR_LEN + m_llc.frame_length();
	struct bssgp_bvc_ctx *bctx = gprs_bssgp_pcu_current_bctx();

	LOGP(DBSSGP, LOGL_INFO, "LLC [PCU -> SGSN] %s len=%d\n", tbf_name(this), m_llc.frame_length());
	if (!bctx) {
		LOGP(DBSSGP, LOGL_ERROR, "No bctx\n");
		m_llc.reset_frame_space();
		return -EIO;
	}
	
	llc_pdu = msgb_alloc_headroom(msg_len, msg_len,"llc_pdu");
	uint8_t *buf = msgb_push(llc_pdu, TL16V_GROSS_LEN(sizeof(uint8_t)*m_llc.frame_length()));
	tl16v_put(buf, BSSGP_IE_LLC_PDU, sizeof(uint8_t)*m_llc.frame_length(), m_llc.frame);
	qos_profile[0] = QOS_PROFILE >> 16;
	qos_profile[1] = QOS_PROFILE >> 8;
	qos_profile[2] = QOS_PROFILE;
	bssgp_tx_ul_ud(bctx, tlli(), qos_profile, llc_pdu);

	m_llc.reset_frame_space();
	return 0;
}

const char *tbf_name(gprs_rlcmac_tbf *tbf)
{
	static char buf[40];
	snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "TBF(TFI=%d TLLI=0x%08x DIR=%s)",
			tbf->m_tfi, tbf->m_tlli,
			tbf->direction == GPRS_RLCMAC_UL_TBF ? "UL" : "DL");
	buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
	return buf;
}


void gprs_rlcmac_tbf::reuse_tbf(const uint8_t *data, const uint16_t len)
{
	bts->tbf_reused();
	m_llc.put_frame(data, len);
	bts->llc_frame_sched();

	/* reset rlc states */
	memset(&dir.dl, 0, sizeof(dir.dl));
	dir.dl.v_b.reset();

	/* keep to flags */
	state_flags &= GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_TO_MASK;
	state_flags &= ~(1 << GPRS_RLCMAC_FLAG_CCCH);

	update();

	LOGP(DRLCMAC, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s Trigger dowlink assignment on PACCH, "
		"because another LLC PDU has arrived in between\n",
		tbf_name(this));
	bts->trigger_dl_ass(this, this, NULL);
}

bool gprs_rlcmac_tbf::dl_window_stalled() const
{
	return dir.dl.window.window_stalled();
}