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Without this commit it is possible that osmux is disabled again on links with
high jitter. This happens when an MGCP response without X-Osmux header is
received before the NAT receives an Osmux dummy frame from the other side.
Ticket: SYS#2628, SYS#2627
Sponsored-by: On-Waves ehf
There appears to be a leak of CIDs:
<000b> mgcp_osmux.c:544 All Osmux circuits are in use!
There are paths that a CID had been requested and never released
of the NAT. Remember the allocated CID inside the endpoint so it
can always be released. It is using a new variable as the behavior
for the NAT and MGCP MGW is different.
The allocated_cid must be signed so that we can assign outside
of the 0-255 range of it.
Some systems only want to use Osmux. In case only Osmux
should be used fail if it has not be offered/acked.
Verified On, Off and Only with X-Osmux: 3 and without this field.
<000b> mgcp_protocol.c:823 Osmux only and no osmux offered on 0x14
<000b> mgcp_protocol.c:884 Resource error on 0x14
Not tested and implemented
* Test that one can get an id
* That they are assigned predicatble right now
* That returning them will make the number of used ones go down
* That allocating more will fail
This patch includes several osmux fixes that are interdependent:
1) This adds Osmux circuit ID, this is allocated from the bsc-nat. This
announces the circuit ID in the CRCX MGCP message. This aims to resolve
the lack of uniqueness due to the use of endp->ci, which is local to
the bsc. This ID is notified via X-Osmux: NUM where NUM is the osmux
2) The dummy load routines are now used to setup osmux both in bsc and
bsc-nat to resolve source port NAT issues as suggested by Holger. The
source port that is used from the bsc is not known until the first
voice message is sent to the bsc-nat, therefore enabling osmux from
the MGCP plane breaks when a different source port is used.
3) Add refcnt to struct osmux_handle, several endpoints can be using the
same input RTP osmux handle to perform the batching. Remove it from the
osmux handle list once nobody is using it anymore to clean it up.
4) Add a simple Osmux state-machine with three states. The initial state
is disabled, then if the bsc-nat requests Osmux, both sides enters
activating. The final enabled state is reached once the bsc-nat sees
the dummy load message that tells what source port is used by the bsc.
5) The osmux input handle (which transforms RTP messages to one Osmux batch)
is now permanently attached to the endpoint when Osmux is set up from the
dummy load path, so we skip a lookup for each message. This simplifies
After this patch, the workflow to setup Osmux is the following:
|<------ CRCX ----------|
| X-Osmux: 3 | (where 3 is the Osmux circuit ID
| | that the bsc-nat has allocated)
|------- resp --------->|
| X-Osmux: 3 | (the bsc confirm that it can
| | use Osmux).
setup osmux |----- dummy load ----->| setup osmux
| Osmux CID: 3 |
In two steps:
1st) Allocate the Osmux Circuit ID (CID): The bsc-nat allocates an unique
Osmux CID that is notified to the bsc through the 'X-Osmux:' extension.
The bsc-nat annotates this circuit ID in the endpoint object. The bsc
replies back with the 'X-Osmux:' to confirm that it agrees to use Osmux.
If the bsc doesn't want to use Osmux, it doesn't include the extension
so the bsc-nat knows that it has to use to RTP.
2nd) The dummy load is used to convey the Osmux CID. This needs to happen
at this stage since the bsc-nat needs to know what source port the bsc
uses to get this working since the bsc may use a different source
port due to NAT. Unfortunately, this can't be done from the MGCP signal
plane since the real source port is not known that the bsc uses is not
This patch also reverts the MDCX handling until it is clear that we need
this special handling for this case.
This patch adds the voice muxer. You can use this to batch RTP
traffic to reduce bandwidth comsuption. Basically, osmux transforms
RTP flows to a compact batch format, that is later on decompacted
to its original form. Port UDP/1984 is used for the muxer traffic
between osmo-bsc_nat and osmo-bsc_mgcp (in the BSC side). This
feature depends on libosmo-netif, which contains the osmux core
Osmux is requested on-demand via the MGCP CRCX/MDCX messages (using
the vendor-specific extension X-Osmux: on) coming from the BSC-NAT,
so you can selectively enable osmux per BSC from one the bsc-nat.cfg
file, so we have a centralized point to enable/disable osmux.
First thing you need to do is to accept requests to use Osmux,
this can be done from VTY interface of osmo-bsc_nat and
osmo-bsc_mgcp by adding the following line:
osmux batch-factor 4
This just initializes the osmux engine. You still have to specify
what BSC uses osmux from osmo-bsc_nat configuration file:
In this case, bsc 1 and 3 should use osmux if possible, bsc 2 does
not have osmux enabled.
Thus, you can selectively enable osmux depending on the BSC, and
we have a centralized point for configuration from the bsc-nat to
enable osmux on demand, as suggested by Holger.
At this moment, this patch contains heavy debug logging for each
RTP packet that can be removed later to save cycles.
The RTP ssrc/seqnum/timestamp is randomly allocated for each MDCX that
is received to configure an endpoint.