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path: root/ui/iface_lists.c
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/* iface_lists.c
 * Code to manage the global list of interfaces and to update widgets/windows
 * displaying items from those lists
 *
 * Wireshark - Network traffic analyzer
 * By Gerald Combs <gerald@wireshark.org>
 * Copyright 1998 Gerald Combs
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
 * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

#include "config.h"

#ifdef HAVE_LIBPCAP

#include <string.h>

#include <glib.h>

#include <epan/prefs.h>
#include <epan/to_str.h>

#include "ui/capture_ui_utils.h"
#include "ui/capture_globals.h"
#include "ui/iface_lists.h"
#include "../log.h"

/*
 * Used when sorting an interface list into alphabetical order by
 * their friendly names.
 */
gint
if_list_comparator_alph(const void *first_arg, const void *second_arg)
{
    const if_info_t *first = (const if_info_t *)first_arg, *second = (const if_info_t *)second_arg;

    if (first != NULL && first->friendly_name != NULL &&
        second != NULL && second->friendly_name != NULL) {
        return g_ascii_strcasecmp(first->friendly_name, second->friendly_name);
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

/*
 * Try to populate the given device with options (like capture filter) from
 * the capture options that are in use for an existing capture interface.
 * Returns TRUE if the interface is selected for capture and FALSE otherwise.
 */
static gboolean
fill_from_ifaces (interface_t *device)
{
    interface_options *interface_opts;
    guint i;

    for (i = 0; i < global_capture_opts.ifaces->len; i++) {
        interface_opts = &g_array_index(global_capture_opts.ifaces, interface_options, i);
        if (strcmp(interface_opts->name, device->name) != 0) {
            continue;
        }

#if defined(HAVE_PCAP_CREATE)
        device->buffer = interface_opts->buffer_size;
        device->monitor_mode_enabled = interface_opts->monitor_mode;
#endif
        device->pmode = interface_opts->promisc_mode;
        device->has_snaplen = interface_opts->has_snaplen;
        device->snaplen = interface_opts->snaplen;
        g_free(device->cfilter);
        device->cfilter = g_strdup(interface_opts->cfilter);
        device->timestamp_type = g_strdup(interface_opts->timestamp_type);
        if (interface_opts->linktype != -1) {
            device->active_dlt = interface_opts->linktype;
        }
        return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Fetch the list of local interfaces with capture_interface_list()
 * and set the list of "all interfaces" in *capture_opts to include
 * those interfaces.
 */
void
scan_local_interfaces(void (*update_cb)(void))
{
    GList             *if_entry, *lt_entry, *if_list;
    if_info_t         *if_info, temp;
    gchar             *descr;
    if_capabilities_t *caps=NULL;
    gint              linktype_count;
    gboolean          monitor_mode;
    GSList            *curr_addr;
    int               ips = 0, i;
    guint             count = 0, j;
    if_addr_t         *addr, *temp_addr;
    link_row          *link = NULL;
    data_link_info_t  *data_link_info;
    interface_t       device;
    GString           *ip_str;
    interface_options *interface_opts;
    gboolean          found = FALSE;
    static gboolean   running = FALSE;
    GHashTable        *selected_devices;

    if (running) {
        /* scan_local_interfaces internally calls update_cb to process UI events
           to avoid stuck UI while running possibly slow operations. A side effect
           of this is that new interface changes can be detected before completing
           the last one.
           This return avoids recursive scan_local_interfaces operation. */
        return;
    }
    running = TRUE;

    /*
     * Clear list of known interfaces (all_ifaces) that will be re-discovered on
     * scanning, but remember their selection state.
     *
     * XXX shouldn't this copy settings (like capture filter) from the "old"
     * device to the "new" device? Refreshing the interfaces list should
     * probably just remove disappeared devices and add discovered devices.
     */
    selected_devices = g_hash_table_new_full(g_str_hash, g_str_equal, g_free, NULL);
    if (global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len > 0) {
        for (i = (int)global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len-1; i >= 0; i--) {
            device = g_array_index(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, interface_t, i);
            if (device.local && device.type != IF_PIPE && device.type != IF_STDIN) {
                global_capture_opts.all_ifaces = g_array_remove_index(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, i);
                /*
                 * Device is about to be destroyed, unmark as selected. It will
                 * be reselected on rediscovery.
                 */
                if (device.selected) {
                    gchar *device_name = g_strdup(device.name);
                    /* g_hash_table_add() only exists since 2.32. */
                    g_hash_table_replace(selected_devices, device_name, device_name);
                    global_capture_opts.num_selected--;
                }

                capture_opts_free_interface_t(&device);
            }
        }
    }

    /* Retrieve list of interface information (if_info_t) into if_list. */
    g_free(global_capture_opts.ifaces_err_info);
    if_list = capture_interface_list(&global_capture_opts.ifaces_err,
                                     &global_capture_opts.ifaces_err_info,
                                     update_cb);
    count = 0;

    /*
     * For each discovered interface name, create a new device and add extra
     * information (like supported DLTs, assigned IP addresses).
     */
    for (if_entry = if_list; if_entry != NULL; if_entry = g_list_next(if_entry)) {
        memset(&device, 0, sizeof(device));
        if_info = (if_info_t *)if_entry->data;
        ip_str = g_string_new("");
        ips = 0;
        if (strstr(if_info->name, "rpcap:")) {
            continue;
        }
        device.name = g_strdup(if_info->name);
        if (if_info->friendly_name != NULL) {
            device.friendly_name = g_strdup(if_info->friendly_name);
        } else {
            device.friendly_name = NULL;
        }
        device.hidden = FALSE;
        device.locked = FALSE;
        memset(&temp, 0, sizeof(temp));
        temp.name = g_strdup(if_info->name);
        temp.friendly_name = g_strdup(if_info->friendly_name);
        temp.vendor_description = g_strdup(if_info->vendor_description);
        temp.loopback = if_info->loopback;
        temp.type = if_info->type;
#ifdef HAVE_EXTCAP
        temp.extcap = g_strdup(if_info->extcap);
#endif
        /* Is this interface hidden and, if so, should we include it anyway? */

        descr = capture_dev_user_descr_find(if_info->name);
        device.display_name = get_iface_display_name(descr, if_info);
        g_free(descr);
        device.selected = FALSE;
        if (prefs_is_capture_device_hidden(if_info->name)) {
            device.hidden = TRUE;
        }
        device.type = if_info->type;
        monitor_mode = prefs_capture_device_monitor_mode(if_info->name);
        caps = capture_get_if_capabilities(if_info->name, monitor_mode, NULL, NULL, update_cb);
        for (; (curr_addr = g_slist_nth(if_info->addrs, ips)) != NULL; ips++) {
            temp_addr = (if_addr_t *)g_malloc0(sizeof(if_addr_t));
            if (ips != 0) {
                g_string_append(ip_str, "\n");
            }
            addr = (if_addr_t *)curr_addr->data;
            if (addr) {
                address addr_str;
                char* temp_addr_str = NULL;
                temp_addr->ifat_type = addr->ifat_type;
                switch (addr->ifat_type) {
                    case IF_AT_IPv4:
                        temp_addr->addr.ip4_addr = addr->addr.ip4_addr;
                        set_address(&addr_str, AT_IPv4, 4, &addr->addr.ip4_addr);
                        temp_addr_str = address_to_str(NULL, &addr_str);
                        g_string_append(ip_str, temp_addr_str);
                        break;
                    case IF_AT_IPv6:
                        memcpy(temp_addr->addr.ip6_addr, addr->addr.ip6_addr, sizeof(addr->addr));
                        set_address(&addr_str, AT_IPv6, 16, addr->addr.ip6_addr);
                        temp_addr_str = address_to_str(NULL, &addr_str);
                        g_string_append(ip_str, temp_addr_str);
                        break;
                    default:
                        /* In case we add non-IP addresses */
                        break;
                }
                wmem_free(NULL, temp_addr_str);
            } else {
                g_free(temp_addr);
                temp_addr = NULL;
            }
            if (temp_addr) {
                temp.addrs = g_slist_append(temp.addrs, temp_addr);
            }
        }
#ifdef HAVE_PCAP_REMOTE
        device.local = TRUE;
        device.remote_opts.src_type = CAPTURE_IFLOCAL;
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.remote_host = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.remote_host);
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.remote_port = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.remote_port);
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.auth_type = global_capture_opts.default_options.auth_type;
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.auth_username = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.auth_username);
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.auth_password = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.auth_password);
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.datatx_udp = global_capture_opts.default_options.datatx_udp;
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.nocap_rpcap = global_capture_opts.default_options.nocap_rpcap;
        device.remote_opts.remote_host_opts.nocap_local = global_capture_opts.default_options.nocap_local;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PCAP_SETSAMPLING
        device.remote_opts.sampling_method = global_capture_opts.default_options.sampling_method;
        device.remote_opts.sampling_param  = global_capture_opts.default_options.sampling_param;
#endif
        linktype_count = 0;
        device.links = NULL;
        if (caps != NULL) {
#if defined(HAVE_PCAP_CREATE)
            device.monitor_mode_enabled = monitor_mode;
            device.monitor_mode_supported = caps->can_set_rfmon;
#endif
            /*
             * Process the list of link-layer header types.
             */
            for (lt_entry = caps->data_link_types; lt_entry != NULL; lt_entry = g_list_next(lt_entry)) {
                data_link_info = (data_link_info_t *)lt_entry->data;
                link = (link_row *)g_malloc(sizeof(link_row));
                if (data_link_info->description != NULL) {
                    link->dlt = data_link_info->dlt;
                    link->name = g_strdup(data_link_info->description);
                } else {
                    link->dlt = -1;
                    link->name = g_strdup_printf("%s (not supported)", data_link_info->name);
                }
                device.links = g_list_append(device.links, link);
                linktype_count++;
            }

            /*
             * Set the active DLT for the device appropriately.
             */
            set_active_dlt(&device, global_capture_opts.default_options.linktype);
        } else {
#if defined(HAVE_PCAP_CREATE)
            device.monitor_mode_enabled = FALSE;
            device.monitor_mode_supported = FALSE;
#endif
            device.active_dlt = -1;
        }
        device.addresses = g_strdup(ip_str->str);
        device.no_addresses = ips;
        device.local = TRUE;
        device.if_info = temp;
        device.last_packets = 0;
        if (!capture_dev_user_pmode_find(if_info->name, &device.pmode)) {
            device.pmode = global_capture_opts.default_options.promisc_mode;
        }
        if (!capture_dev_user_snaplen_find(if_info->name, &device.has_snaplen,
                                           &device.snaplen)) {
            device.has_snaplen = global_capture_opts.default_options.has_snaplen;
            device.snaplen = global_capture_opts.default_options.snaplen;
        }
        device.cfilter      = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.cfilter);
        device.timestamp_type = g_strdup(global_capture_opts.default_options.timestamp_type);
#ifdef CAN_SET_CAPTURE_BUFFER_SIZE
        if ((device.buffer = capture_dev_user_buffersize_find(if_info->name)) == -1) {
            device.buffer = global_capture_opts.default_options.buffer_size;
        }
#endif

        /* Copy interface options for active capture devices. */
        gboolean selected = fill_from_ifaces(&device);
        /* Restore device selection (for next capture). */
        if (!device.selected && (selected || g_hash_table_lookup(selected_devices, device.name))) {
            device.selected = TRUE;
            global_capture_opts.num_selected++;
        }

#ifdef HAVE_EXTCAP
        /* Extcap devices start with no cached args */
        device.external_cap_args_settings = NULL;
#endif
        if (global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len <= count) {
            g_array_append_val(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, device);
            count = global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len;
        } else {
            g_array_insert_val(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, count, device);
        }
        if (caps != NULL) {
            free_if_capabilities(caps);
        }

        g_string_free(ip_str, TRUE);
        count++;
    }
    free_interface_list(if_list);

    /*
     * Pipes and stdin are not really discoverable interfaces, so re-add them to
     * the list of all interfaces (all_ifaces).
     */
    for (j = 0; j < global_capture_opts.ifaces->len; j++) {
        interface_opts = &g_array_index(global_capture_opts.ifaces, interface_options, j);

        found = FALSE;
        for (i = 0; i < (int)global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len; i++) {
            device = g_array_index(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, interface_t, i);
            if (strcmp(device.name, interface_opts->name) == 0) {
                found = TRUE;
                break;
            }
        }
        if (!found) {  /* new interface, maybe a pipe */
            memset(&device, 0, sizeof(device));
            device.name         = g_strdup(interface_opts->name);
            device.display_name = interface_opts->descr ?
                g_strdup_printf("%s: %s", device.name, interface_opts->descr) :
                g_strdup(device.name);
            device.hidden       = FALSE;
            device.selected     = TRUE;
            device.type         = interface_opts->if_type;
#ifdef CAN_SET_CAPTURE_BUFFER_SIZE
            device.buffer = interface_opts->buffer_size;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_PCAP_CREATE)
            device.monitor_mode_enabled = interface_opts->monitor_mode;
            device.monitor_mode_supported = FALSE;
#endif
            device.pmode = interface_opts->promisc_mode;
            device.has_snaplen = interface_opts->has_snaplen;
            device.snaplen = interface_opts->snaplen;
            device.cfilter = g_strdup(interface_opts->cfilter);
            device.timestamp_type = g_strdup(interface_opts->timestamp_type);
            device.active_dlt = interface_opts->linktype;
            device.addresses    = NULL;
            device.no_addresses = 0;
            device.last_packets = 0;
            device.links        = NULL;
            device.local        = TRUE;
            device.locked       = FALSE;
            device.if_info.name = g_strdup(interface_opts->name);
            device.if_info.friendly_name = NULL;
            device.if_info.vendor_description = g_strdup(interface_opts->descr);
            device.if_info.addrs = NULL;
            device.if_info.loopback = FALSE;
#ifdef HAVE_EXTCAP
            device.if_info.extcap = g_strdup(interface_opts->extcap);
#endif

            g_array_append_val(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, device);
            global_capture_opts.num_selected++;
        }
    }

    g_hash_table_destroy(selected_devices);
    running = FALSE;
}

/*
 * Get the global interface list.  Generate it if we haven't done so
 * already.  This can be quite time consuming the first time, so
 * record how long it takes in the info log.
 */
void
fill_in_local_interfaces(void(*update_cb)(void))
{
    GTimeVal start_time;
    GTimeVal end_time;
    float elapsed;
    static gboolean initialized = FALSE;

    /* record the time we started, so we can log total time later */
    g_get_current_time(&start_time);
    g_log(LOG_DOMAIN_MAIN, G_LOG_LEVEL_INFO, "fill_in_local_interfaces() starts");

    if (!initialized) {
        /* do the actual work */
        scan_local_interfaces(update_cb);
        initialized = TRUE;
    }
    /* log how long it took */
    g_get_current_time(&end_time);
    elapsed = (float) ((end_time.tv_sec - start_time.tv_sec) +
                       ((end_time.tv_usec - start_time.tv_usec) / 1e6));

    g_log(LOG_DOMAIN_MAIN, G_LOG_LEVEL_INFO, "fill_in_local_interfaces() ends, taking %.3fs", elapsed);
}

void
hide_interface(gchar* new_hide)
{
    gchar       *tok;
    guint       i;
    interface_t *device;
    gboolean    found = FALSE;
    GList       *hidden_devices = NULL, *entry;
    if (new_hide != NULL) {
        for (tok = strtok (new_hide, ","); tok; tok = strtok(NULL, ",")) {
            hidden_devices = g_list_append(hidden_devices, tok);
        }
    }
    for (i = 0; i < global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len; i++) {
        device = &g_array_index(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, interface_t, i);
        found = FALSE;
        for (entry = hidden_devices; entry != NULL; entry = g_list_next(entry)) {
            if (strcmp((char *)entry->data, device->name)==0) {
                device->hidden = TRUE;
                if (device->selected) {
                    device->selected = FALSE;
                    global_capture_opts.num_selected--;
                }
                found = TRUE;
                break;
            }
        }
        if (!found) {
            device->hidden = FALSE;
        }
    }
    g_list_free(hidden_devices);
    g_free(new_hide);
}

void
update_local_interfaces(void)
{
    interface_t *device;
    gchar *descr;
    guint i;

    for (i = 0; i < global_capture_opts.all_ifaces->len; i++) {
        device = &g_array_index(global_capture_opts.all_ifaces, interface_t, i);
        device->type = capture_dev_user_linktype_find(device->name);
        g_free(device->display_name);
        descr = capture_dev_user_descr_find(device->name);
        device->display_name = get_iface_display_name(descr, &device->if_info);
        g_free (descr);
        device->hidden = prefs_is_capture_device_hidden(device->name);
        fill_from_ifaces(device);
    }
}
#endif /* HAVE_LIBPCAP */

/*
 * Editor modelines
 *
 * Local Variables:
 * c-basic-offset: 4
 * tab-width: 8
 * indent-tabs-mode: nil
 * End:
 *
 * ex: set shiftwidth=4 tabstop=8 expandtab:
 * :indentSize=4:tabSize=8:noTabs=true:
 */