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authorSteve Markgraf <steve@steve-m.de>2012-11-02 20:47:14 (UTC)
committer Steve Markgraf <steve@steve-m.de>2012-11-02 20:47:14 (UTC)
commitb85ffcfea5d268f34b2de4f2119b30be8c699269 (patch)
tree45420a98c95e0eb5c127a010f36cfb9dcdca301d
parentaad68f3a21f8507d5ad7b01dc9e980d2f0d7e327 (diff)
add library support for EEPROM access and tool for modification
rtl_eeprom can be used to modify the USB descriptor strings etc. Signed-off-by: Steve Markgraf <steve@steve-m.de>
-rw-r--r--include/rtl-sdr.h32
-rw-r--r--src/CMakeLists.txt9
-rw-r--r--src/Makefile.am5
-rw-r--r--src/librtlsdr.c65
-rw-r--r--src/rtl_eeprom.c348
5 files changed, 457 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/include/rtl-sdr.h b/include/rtl-sdr.h
index 157d2a5..6dca0d0 100644
--- a/include/rtl-sdr.h
+++ b/include/rtl-sdr.h
@@ -99,6 +99,38 @@ RTLSDR_API int rtlsdr_get_xtal_freq(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint32_t *rtl_freq,
RTLSDR_API int rtlsdr_get_usb_strings(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, char *manufact,
char *product, char *serial);
+/*!
+ * Write the device EEPROM
+ *
+ * \param dev the device handle given by rtlsdr_open()
+ * \param data buffer of data to be written
+ * \param offset address where the data should be written
+ * \param len length of the data
+ * \return 0 on success
+ * \return -1 if device handle is invalid
+ * \return -2 if EEPROM size is exceeded
+ * \return -3 if no EEPROM was found
+ */
+
+RTLSDR_API int rtlsdr_write_eeprom(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint8_t *data,
+ uint8_t offset, uint16_t len);
+
+/*!
+ * Read the device EEPROM
+ *
+ * \param dev the device handle given by rtlsdr_open()
+ * \param data buffer where the data should be written
+ * \param offset address where the data should be read from
+ * \param len length of the data
+ * \return 0 on success
+ * \return -1 if device handle is invalid
+ * \return -2 if EEPROM size is exceeded
+ * \return -3 if no EEPROM was found
+ */
+
+RTLSDR_API int rtlsdr_read_eeprom(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint8_t *data,
+ uint8_t offset, uint16_t len);
+
RTLSDR_API int rtlsdr_set_center_freq(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint32_t freq);
/*!
diff --git a/src/CMakeLists.txt b/src/CMakeLists.txt
index c490e5b..bfdaaf0 100644
--- a/src/CMakeLists.txt
+++ b/src/CMakeLists.txt
@@ -70,7 +70,8 @@ add_executable(rtl_sdr rtl_sdr.c)
add_executable(rtl_tcp rtl_tcp.c)
add_executable(rtl_test rtl_test.c)
add_executable(rtl_fm rtl_fm.c)
-set(INSTALL_TARGETS rtlsdr_shared rtlsdr_static rtl_sdr rtl_tcp rtl_test rtl_fm)
+add_executable(rtl_eeprom rtl_eeprom.c)
+set(INSTALL_TARGETS rtlsdr_shared rtlsdr_static rtl_sdr rtl_tcp rtl_test rtl_fm rtl_eeprom)
target_link_libraries(rtl_sdr rtlsdr_shared
${LIBUSB_LIBRARIES}
@@ -88,6 +89,10 @@ target_link_libraries(rtl_fm rtlsdr_shared
${LIBUSB_LIBRARIES}
${CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT}
)
+target_link_libraries(rtl_eeprom rtlsdr_shared
+ ${LIBUSB_LIBRARIES}
+ ${CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT}
+)
if(UNIX)
target_link_libraries(rtl_fm m)
if(APPLE)
@@ -102,10 +107,12 @@ target_link_libraries(rtl_sdr libgetopt_static)
target_link_libraries(rtl_tcp libgetopt_static)
target_link_libraries(rtl_test libgetopt_static)
target_link_libraries(rtl_fm libgetopt_static)
+target_link_libraries(rtl_eeprom libgetopt_static)
set_property(TARGET rtl_sdr APPEND PROPERTY COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "rtlsdr_STATIC" )
set_property(TARGET rtl_tcp APPEND PROPERTY COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "rtlsdr_STATIC" )
set_property(TARGET rtl_test APPEND PROPERTY COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "rtlsdr_STATIC" )
set_property(TARGET rtl_fm APPEND PROPERTY COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "rtlsdr_STATIC" )
+set_property(TARGET rtl_eeprom APPEND PROPERTY COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "rtlsdr_STATIC" )
endif()
########################################################################
# Install built library files & utilities
diff --git a/src/Makefile.am b/src/Makefile.am
index 4e2aa6d..f1162f5 100644
--- a/src/Makefile.am
+++ b/src/Makefile.am
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ lib_LTLIBRARIES = librtlsdr.la
librtlsdr_la_SOURCES = librtlsdr.c tuner_e4k.c tuner_fc0012.c tuner_fc0013.c tuner_fc2580.c tuner_r820t.c
librtlsdr_la_LDFLAGS = -version-info $(LIBVERSION)
-bin_PROGRAMS = rtl_sdr rtl_tcp rtl_test rtl_fm
+bin_PROGRAMS = rtl_sdr rtl_tcp rtl_test rtl_fm rtl_eeprom
rtl_sdr_SOURCES = rtl_sdr.c
rtl_sdr_LDADD = librtlsdr.la
@@ -23,3 +23,6 @@ rtl_test_LDADD = librtlsdr.la $(LIBM)
rtl_fm_SOURCES = rtl_fm.c
rtl_fm_LDADD = librtlsdr.la $(LIBM)
+
+rtl_eeprom_SOURCES = rtl_eeprom.c
+rtl_eeprom_LDADD = librtlsdr.la $(LIBM)
diff --git a/src/librtlsdr.c b/src/librtlsdr.c
index 0328e9e..1af9f87 100644
--- a/src/librtlsdr.c
+++ b/src/librtlsdr.c
@@ -271,6 +271,8 @@ static rtlsdr_dongle_t known_devices[] = {
#define CTRL_TIMEOUT 300
#define BULK_TIMEOUT 0
+#define EEPROM_ADDR 0xa0
+
enum usb_reg {
USB_SYSCTL = 0x2000,
USB_CTRL = 0x2010,
@@ -709,6 +711,69 @@ int rtlsdr_get_usb_strings(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, char *manufact, char *product,
return 0;
}
+int rtlsdr_write_eeprom(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint8_t *data, uint8_t offset, uint16_t len)
+{
+ int r = 0;
+ int i;
+ uint8_t cmd[2];
+
+ if (!dev)
+ return -1;
+
+ if ((len + offset) > 256)
+ return -2;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ cmd[0] = i + offset;
+ r = rtlsdr_write_array(dev, IICB, EEPROM_ADDR, cmd, 1);
+ r = rtlsdr_read_array(dev, IICB, EEPROM_ADDR, &cmd[1], 1);
+
+ /* only write the byte if it differs */
+ if (cmd[1] == data[i])
+ continue;
+
+ cmd[1] = data[i];
+ r = rtlsdr_write_array(dev, IICB, EEPROM_ADDR, cmd, 2);
+ if (r != sizeof(cmd))
+ return -3;
+
+ /* for some EEPROMs (e.g. ATC 240LC02) we need a delay
+ * between write operations, otherwise they will fail */
+#ifdef _WIN32
+ Sleep(5);
+#else
+ usleep(5000);
+#endif
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int rtlsdr_read_eeprom(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint8_t *data, uint8_t offset, uint16_t len)
+{
+ int r = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ if (!dev)
+ return -1;
+
+ if ((len + offset) > 256)
+ return -2;
+
+ r = rtlsdr_write_array(dev, IICB, EEPROM_ADDR, &offset, 1);
+ if (r < 0)
+ return -3;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ r = rtlsdr_read_array(dev, IICB, EEPROM_ADDR, data + i, 1);
+
+ if (r < 0)
+ return -3;
+ }
+
+ return r;
+}
+
int rtlsdr_set_center_freq(rtlsdr_dev_t *dev, uint32_t freq)
{
int r = -1;
diff --git a/src/rtl_eeprom.c b/src/rtl_eeprom.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fe4d36a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/rtl_eeprom.c
@@ -0,0 +1,348 @@
+/*
+ * rtl-sdr, turns your Realtek RTL2832 based DVB dongle into a SDR receiver
+ * rtl_eeprom, EEPROM modification tool
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 by Steve Markgraf <steve@steve-m.de>
+ *
+ * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#ifndef _WIN32
+#include <unistd.h>
+#else
+#include <Windows.h>
+#include "getopt/getopt.h"
+#endif
+
+#include "rtl-sdr.h"
+
+#define EEPROM_SIZE 256
+#define MAX_STR_SIZE 256
+#define STR_OFFSET 0x09
+
+static rtlsdr_dev_t *dev = NULL;
+
+typedef struct rtlsdr_config {
+ uint16_t vendor_id;
+ uint16_t product_id;
+ char manufacturer[MAX_STR_SIZE];
+ char product[MAX_STR_SIZE];
+ char serial[MAX_STR_SIZE];
+ int have_serial;
+ int enable_ir;
+ int remote_wakeup;
+} rtlsdr_config_t;
+
+void dump_config(rtlsdr_config_t *conf)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "__________________________________________\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "Vendor ID:\t\t0x%04x\n", conf->vendor_id);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Product ID:\t\t0x%04x\n", conf->product_id);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Manufacturer:\t\t%s\n", conf->manufacturer);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Product:\t\t%s\n", conf->product);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Serial number:\t\t%s\n", conf->serial);
+ fprintf(stderr, "Serial number enabled:\t");
+ fprintf(stderr, conf->have_serial ? "yes\n": "no\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "IR endpoint enabled:\t");
+ fprintf(stderr, conf->enable_ir ? "yes\n": "no\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "Remote wakeup enabled:\t");
+ fprintf(stderr, conf->remote_wakeup ? "yes\n": "no\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "__________________________________________\n");
+}
+
+void usage(void)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "rtl_eeprom, an EEPROM programming tool for "
+ "RTL2832 based DVB-T receivers\n\n"
+ "Usage:\n"
+ "\t[-d device_index (default: 0)]\n"
+ "\t[-m <str> set manufacturer string\n"
+ "\t[-p <str> set product string\n"
+ "\t[-s <str> set serial number string\n"
+ "\t[-i <0,1> disable/enable IR-endpoint\n"
+ "\t[-g <str> generate default config and write to device\n"
+ "\t[-w <filename> write dumped file to device\n"
+ "\t[-r <filename> dump EEPROM to file\n"
+ "\t[-h display this help text\n"
+ "\nUse on your own risk, especially -w!\n");
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+int get_string_descriptor(int pos, uint8_t *data, char *str)
+{
+ int len, i, j = 0;
+
+ len = data[pos];
+
+ if (data[pos + 1] != 0x03)
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error: invalid string descriptor!\n");
+
+ for(i = 0; i < (len - 2); i += 2)
+ str[j++] = data[pos + 2 + i];
+
+ str[j] = 0x00;
+
+ return pos + i + 2;
+}
+
+int set_string_descriptor(int pos, uint8_t *data, char *str)
+{
+ int i = 0, j = 2;
+
+ if (pos < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ data[pos + 1] = 0x03;
+
+ while (str[i] != 0x00) {
+ if ((pos + j) >= 78) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error: string too long, truncated!\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ data[pos + j++] = str[i++];
+ data[pos + j++] = 0x00;
+ }
+
+ data[pos] = j;
+
+ return pos + j;
+}
+
+int parse_eeprom_to_conf(rtlsdr_config_t *conf, uint8_t *dat)
+{
+ int pos;
+
+ if ((dat[0] != 0x28) || (dat[1] != 0x32))
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error: invalid RTL2832 EEPROM header!\n");
+
+ conf->vendor_id = dat[2] | (dat[3] << 8);
+ conf->product_id = dat[4] | (dat[5] << 8);
+ conf->have_serial = (dat[6] == 0xa5) ? 1 : 0;
+ conf->remote_wakeup = (dat[7] & 0x01) ? 1 : 0;
+ conf->enable_ir = (dat[7] & 0x02) ? 1 : 0;
+
+ pos = get_string_descriptor(STR_OFFSET, dat, conf->manufacturer);
+ pos = get_string_descriptor(pos, dat, conf->product);
+ get_string_descriptor(pos, dat, conf->serial);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int gen_eeprom_from_conf(rtlsdr_config_t *conf, uint8_t *dat)
+{
+ int pos;
+
+ dat[0] = 0x28;
+ dat[1] = 0x32;
+ dat[2] = conf->vendor_id & 0xff;
+ dat[3] = (conf->vendor_id >> 8) & 0xff ;
+ dat[4] = conf->product_id & 0xff;
+ dat[5] = (conf->product_id >> 8) & 0xff;
+ dat[6] = conf->have_serial ? 0xa5 : 0x00;
+ dat[7] = 0x14;
+ dat[7] |= conf->remote_wakeup ? 0x01 : 0x00;
+ dat[7] |= conf->enable_ir ? 0x02 : 0x00;
+ dat[8] = 0x02;
+
+ pos = set_string_descriptor(STR_OFFSET, dat, conf->manufacturer);
+ pos = set_string_descriptor(pos, dat, conf->product);
+ pos = set_string_descriptor(pos, dat, conf->serial);
+
+ dat[78] = 0x00; /* length of IR config */
+
+ return pos;
+}
+
+void gen_default_conf(rtlsdr_config_t *conf)
+{
+ conf->vendor_id = 0x0bda;
+ conf->product_id = 0x2838;
+ strcpy(conf->manufacturer, "Realtek");
+ strcpy(conf->product, "RTL2838UHIDIR");
+ strcpy(conf->serial, "00000001");
+ conf->have_serial = 1;
+ conf->enable_ir = 1;
+ conf->remote_wakeup = 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int i, r, opt, pos;
+ uint32_t dev_index = 0;
+ int device_count;
+ char *filename = NULL;
+ FILE *file = NULL;
+ uint16_t idVendor, idProduct;
+ char *manuf_str = NULL;
+ char *product_str = NULL;
+ char *serial_str = NULL;
+ uint8_t buf[EEPROM_SIZE];
+ rtlsdr_config_t conf;
+ int flash_file = 0;
+ int default_config = 0;
+ int change = 0;
+ int ir_endpoint = 0;
+ char ch;
+
+ while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "d:m:p:s:i:gw:r:h?")) != -1) {
+ switch (opt) {
+ case 'd':
+ dev_index = atoi(optarg);
+ break;
+ case 'm':
+ manuf_str = optarg;
+ change = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'p':
+ product_str = optarg;
+ change = 1;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ serial_str = optarg;
+ change = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'i':
+ ir_endpoint = (atoi(optarg) > 0) ? 1 : -1;
+ change = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'g':
+ default_config = 1;
+ change = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'w':
+ flash_file = 1;
+ change = 1;
+ case 'r':
+ filename = optarg;
+ break;
+ default:
+ usage();
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ device_count = rtlsdr_get_device_count();
+ if (!device_count) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "No supported devices found.\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "Found %d device(s):\n", device_count);
+ for (i = 0; i < device_count; i++)
+ fprintf(stderr, " %d: %s\n", i, rtlsdr_get_device_name(i));
+ fprintf(stderr, "\n");
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "Using device %d: %s\n",
+ dev_index,
+ rtlsdr_get_device_name(dev_index));
+
+ r = rtlsdr_open(&dev, dev_index);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open rtlsdr device #%d.\n", dev_index);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "\n");
+
+ r = rtlsdr_read_eeprom(dev, buf, 0, EEPROM_SIZE);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ if (r == -3)
+ fprintf(stderr, "No EEPROM has been found.\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to read EEPROM, err %i.\n", r);
+ goto exit;
+ }
+
+ if (r < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "Current configuration:\n");
+ parse_eeprom_to_conf(&conf, buf);
+ dump_config(&conf);
+
+ if (filename) {
+ file = fopen(filename, flash_file ? "rb" : "wb");
+ if (!file) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error opening file!\n");
+ goto exit;
+ }
+ if (flash_file) {
+ if (fread(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), file) != sizeof(buf))
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error reading file!\n");
+ } else {
+ if (fwrite(buf, 1, sizeof(buf), file) != sizeof(buf))
+ fprintf(stderr, "Short write, exiting!\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "\nDump to %s successful.\n", filename);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (manuf_str)
+ strncpy((char*)&conf.manufacturer, manuf_str, MAX_STR_SIZE);
+
+ if (product_str)
+ strncpy((char*)&conf.product, product_str, MAX_STR_SIZE);
+
+ if (serial_str) {
+ conf.have_serial = 1;
+ strncpy((char*)&conf.serial, serial_str, MAX_STR_SIZE);
+ }
+
+ if (ir_endpoint != 0)
+ conf.enable_ir = (ir_endpoint > 0) ? 1 : 0;
+
+ if (!change)
+ goto exit;
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "\nNew configuration:\n");
+
+ if (default_config)
+ gen_default_conf(&conf);
+
+ if (!flash_file) {
+ if (gen_eeprom_from_conf(&conf, buf) < 0)
+ goto exit;
+ }
+
+ parse_eeprom_to_conf(&conf, buf);
+ dump_config(&conf);
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "Write new configuration to device [y/n]? ");
+
+ while ((ch = getchar())) {
+ if (ch != 'y')
+ goto exit;
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ r = rtlsdr_write_eeprom(dev, buf, 0, flash_file ? EEPROM_SIZE : 128);
+ if (r < 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error while writing EEPROM: %i\n", r);
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "Configuration successfully written.\n");
+
+exit:
+ if (file)
+ fclose(file);
+
+ rtlsdr_close(dev);
+
+out:
+ return r >= 0 ? r : -r;
+}