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path: root/Transceiver52M/UHDDevice.cpp
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/*
 * Device support for Ettus Research UHD driver 
 * Written by Thomas Tsou <ttsou@vt.edu>
 *
 * Copyright 2010,2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 *
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 * See the COPYING file in the main directory for details.
 */

#include "radioDevice.h"
#include "Threads.h"
#include "Logger.h"
#include <uhd/version.hpp>
#include <uhd/property_tree.hpp>
#include <uhd/usrp/multi_usrp.hpp>
#include <uhd/utils/thread_priority.hpp>
#include <uhd/utils/msg.hpp>

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#define B2XX_CLK_RT      26e6
#define E1XX_CLK_RT      52e6
#define B2XX_BASE_RT     GSMRATE
#define B100_BASE_RT     400000
#define USRP2_BASE_RT    390625
#define USRP_TX_AMPL     0.3
#define UMTRX_TX_AMPL    0.7
#define SAMPLE_BUF_SZ    (1 << 20)

#define UMTRX_VGA1_DEF   -18
#define UMTRX_VGA2_DEF   23

enum uhd_dev_type {
	USRP1,
	USRP2,
	B100,
	B200,
	B210,
	E1XX,
	UMTRX,
	NUM_USRP_TYPES,
};

struct uhd_dev_offset {
	enum uhd_dev_type type;
	int sps;
	double offset;
	const std::string desc;
};

/*
 * Tx / Rx sample offset values. In a perfect world, there is no group delay
 * though analog components, and behaviour through digital filters exactly
 * matches calculated values. In reality, there are unaccounted factors,
 * which are captured in these empirically measured (using a loopback test)
 * timing correction values.
 *
 * Notes:
 *   USRP1 with timestamps is not supported by UHD.
 */
static struct uhd_dev_offset uhd_offsets[NUM_USRP_TYPES * 2] = {
	{ USRP1, 1,       0.0, "USRP1 not supported" },
	{ USRP1, 4,       0.0, "USRP1 not supported"},
	{ USRP2, 1, 1.2184e-4, "N2XX 1 SPS" },
	{ USRP2, 4, 8.0230e-5, "N2XX 4 SPS" },
	{ B100,  1, 1.2104e-4, "B100 1 SPS" },
	{ B100,  4, 7.9307e-5, "B100 4 SPS" },
	{ B200,  1, 9.9692e-5, "B200 1 SPS" },
	{ B200,  4, 6.9248e-5, "B200 4 SPS" },
	{ B210,  1, 9.9692e-5, "B210 1 SPS" },
	{ B210,  4, 6.9248e-5, "B210 4 SPS" },
	{ E1XX,  1, 9.5192e-5, "E1XX 1 SPS" },
	{ E1XX,  4, 6.5571e-5, "E1XX 4 SPS" },
	{ UMTRX, 1, 9.9692e-5, "UmTRX 1 SPS" },
	{ UMTRX, 4, 7.3846e-5, "UmTRX 4 SPS" },
};

/*
 * Offset handling for special cases. Currently used for UmTRX dual channel
 * diversity receiver only.
 */
static struct uhd_dev_offset special_offsets[] = {
	{ UMTRX, 1, 8.0875e-5, "UmTRX diversity, 1 SPS" },
	{ UMTRX, 4, 5.2103e-5, "UmTRX diversity, 4 SPS" },
};

static double get_dev_offset(enum uhd_dev_type type,
			     int sps, bool diversity = false)
{
	struct uhd_dev_offset *offset;

	/* Reject USRP1 */
	if (type == USRP1) {
		LOG(ERR) << "Invalid device type";
		return 0.0;
	}

	/* Special cases (e.g. diversity receiver) */
	if (diversity) {
		if (type != UMTRX) {
			LOG(ALERT) << "Diversity on UmTRX only";
			return 0.0;
		}

		switch (sps) {
		case 1:
			offset = &special_offsets[0];
			break;
		case 4:
		default:
			offset = &special_offsets[1];
		}
	} else {
		/* Normal operation */
		switch (sps) {
		case 1:
			offset = &uhd_offsets[2 * type + 0];
			break;
		case 4:
		default:
			offset = &uhd_offsets[2 * type + 1];
		}
	}

	std::cout << "-- Setting " << offset->desc << std::endl;

	return offset->offset;
}

/*
 * Select sample rate based on device type and requested samples-per-symbol.
 * The base rate is either GSM symbol rate, 270.833 kHz, or the minimum
 * usable channel spacing of 400 kHz.
 */
static double select_rate(uhd_dev_type type, int sps, bool diversity = false)
{
	if (diversity && (type == UMTRX)) {
		return GSMRATE * 4;
	} else if (diversity) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Diversity supported on UmTRX only";
		return -9999.99;
	}

	if ((sps != 4) && (sps != 1))
		return -9999.99;

	switch (type) {
	case USRP2:
		return USRP2_BASE_RT * sps;
	case B100:
		return B100_BASE_RT * sps;
	case B200:
	case B210:
	case E1XX:
	case UMTRX:
		return GSMRATE * sps;
	default:
		break;
	}

	LOG(ALERT) << "Unknown device type " << type;
	return -9999.99;
}

/** Timestamp conversion
    @param timestamp a UHD or OpenBTS timestamp
    @param rate sample rate
    @return the converted timestamp
*/
uhd::time_spec_t convert_time(TIMESTAMP ticks, double rate)
{
	double secs = (double) ticks / rate;
	return uhd::time_spec_t(secs);
}

TIMESTAMP convert_time(uhd::time_spec_t ts, double rate)
{
	TIMESTAMP ticks = ts.get_full_secs() * rate;
	return ts.get_tick_count(rate) + ticks;
}

/*
    Sample Buffer - Allows reading and writing of timed samples using OpenBTS
                    or UHD style timestamps. Time conversions are handled
                    internally or accessable through the static convert calls.
*/
class smpl_buf {
public:
	/** Sample buffer constructor
	    @param len number of 32-bit samples the buffer should hold
	    @param rate sample clockrate 
	    @param timestamp 
	*/
	smpl_buf(size_t len, double rate);
	~smpl_buf();

	/** Query number of samples available for reading
	    @param timestamp time of first sample
	    @return number of available samples or error
	*/
	ssize_t avail_smpls(TIMESTAMP timestamp) const;
	ssize_t avail_smpls(uhd::time_spec_t timestamp) const;

	/** Read and write
	    @param buf pointer to buffer
	    @param len number of samples desired to read or write
	    @param timestamp time of first stample
	    @return number of actual samples read or written or error
	*/
	ssize_t read(void *buf, size_t len, TIMESTAMP timestamp);
	ssize_t read(void *buf, size_t len, uhd::time_spec_t timestamp);
	ssize_t write(void *buf, size_t len, TIMESTAMP timestamp);
	ssize_t write(void *buf, size_t len, uhd::time_spec_t timestamp);

	/** Buffer status string
	    @return a formatted string describing internal buffer state
	*/
	std::string str_status() const;

	/** Formatted error string 
	    @param code an error code
	    @return a formatted error string
	*/
	static std::string str_code(ssize_t code);

	enum err_code {
		ERROR_TIMESTAMP = -1,
		ERROR_READ = -2,
		ERROR_WRITE = -3,
		ERROR_OVERFLOW = -4
	};

private:
	uint32_t *data;
	size_t buf_len;

	double clk_rt;

	TIMESTAMP time_start;
	TIMESTAMP time_end;

	size_t data_start;
	size_t data_end;
};

/*
    uhd_device - UHD implementation of the Device interface. Timestamped samples
                are sent to and received from the device. An intermediate buffer
                on the receive side collects and aligns packets of samples.
                Events and errors such as underruns are reported asynchronously
                by the device and received in a separate thread.
*/
class uhd_device : public RadioDevice {
public:
	uhd_device(size_t sps, size_t chans, bool diversity, double offset);
	~uhd_device();

	int open(const std::string &args, bool extref);
	bool start();
	bool stop();
	void restart();
	void setPriority(float prio);
	enum TxWindowType getWindowType() { return tx_window; }

	int readSamples(std::vector<short *> &bufs, int len, bool *overrun,
			TIMESTAMP timestamp, bool *underrun, unsigned *RSSI);

	int writeSamples(std::vector<short *> &bufs, int len, bool *underrun,
			 TIMESTAMP timestamp, bool isControl);

	bool updateAlignment(TIMESTAMP timestamp);

	bool setTxFreq(double wFreq, size_t chan);
	bool setRxFreq(double wFreq, size_t chan);

	inline TIMESTAMP initialWriteTimestamp() { return ts_initial * sps; }
	inline TIMESTAMP initialReadTimestamp() { return ts_initial; }

	inline double fullScaleInputValue() { return (dev_type==UMTRX) ? (32000 * UMTRX_TX_AMPL) : (32000 * USRP_TX_AMPL); }
	inline double fullScaleOutputValue() { return 32000; }

	double setRxGain(double db, size_t chan);
	double getRxGain(size_t chan);
	double maxRxGain(void) { return rx_gain_max; }
	double minRxGain(void) { return rx_gain_min; }

	double setTxGain(double db, size_t chan);
	double maxTxGain(void) { return tx_gain_max; }
	double minTxGain(void) { return tx_gain_min; }

	double getTxFreq(size_t chan);
	double getRxFreq(size_t chan);
	double getRxFreq();

	inline double getSampleRate() { return tx_rate; }
	inline double numberRead() { return rx_pkt_cnt; }
	inline double numberWritten() { return 0; }

	/** Receive and process asynchronous message
	    @return true if message received or false on timeout or error
	*/
	bool recv_async_msg();

	enum err_code {
		ERROR_TIMING = -1,
		ERROR_UNRECOVERABLE = -2,
		ERROR_UNHANDLED = -3,
	};

private:
	uhd::usrp::multi_usrp::sptr usrp_dev;
	uhd::tx_streamer::sptr tx_stream;
	uhd::rx_streamer::sptr rx_stream;
	enum TxWindowType tx_window;
	enum uhd_dev_type dev_type;

	size_t sps, chans;
	double tx_rate, rx_rate;

	double tx_gain_min, tx_gain_max;
	double rx_gain_min, rx_gain_max;
	double offset;

	std::vector<double> tx_gains, rx_gains;
	std::vector<double> tx_freqs, rx_freqs;
	size_t tx_spp, rx_spp;

	bool started;
	bool aligned;

	size_t rx_pkt_cnt;
	size_t drop_cnt;
	uhd::time_spec_t prev_ts;

	TIMESTAMP ts_initial, ts_offset;
	std::vector<smpl_buf *> rx_buffers;

	void init_gains();
	int set_master_clk(double rate);
	int set_rates(double tx_rate, double rx_rate);
	bool parse_dev_type();
	bool flush_recv(size_t num_pkts);
	int check_rx_md_err(uhd::rx_metadata_t &md, ssize_t num_smpls);

	std::string str_code(uhd::rx_metadata_t metadata);
	std::string str_code(uhd::async_metadata_t metadata);

	uhd::tune_request_t select_freq(double wFreq, size_t chan, bool tx);
	bool set_freq(double freq, size_t chan, bool tx);

	Thread async_event_thrd;
	bool diversity;
};

void *async_event_loop(uhd_device *dev)
{
	dev->setPriority(0.43);

	while (1) {
		dev->recv_async_msg();
		pthread_testcancel();
	}

	return NULL;
}

/* 
    Catch and drop underrun 'U' and overrun 'O' messages from stdout
    since we already report using the logging facility. Direct
    everything else appropriately.
 */
void uhd_msg_handler(uhd::msg::type_t type, const std::string &msg)
{
	switch (type) {
	case uhd::msg::status:
		LOG(INFO) << msg;
		break;
	case uhd::msg::warning:
		LOG(WARNING) << msg;
		break;
	case uhd::msg::error:
		LOG(ERR) << msg;
		break;
	case uhd::msg::fastpath:
		break;
	}
}

uhd_device::uhd_device(size_t sps, size_t chans, bool diversity, double offset)
	: tx_gain_min(0.0), tx_gain_max(0.0),
	  rx_gain_min(0.0), rx_gain_max(0.0),
	  tx_spp(0), rx_spp(0),
	  started(false), aligned(false), rx_pkt_cnt(0), drop_cnt(0),
	  prev_ts(0,0), ts_initial(0), ts_offset(0)
{
	this->sps = sps;
	this->chans = chans;
	this->offset = offset;
	this->diversity = diversity;
}

uhd_device::~uhd_device()
{
	stop();

	for (size_t i = 0; i < rx_buffers.size(); i++)
		delete rx_buffers[i];
}

void uhd_device::init_gains()
{
	uhd::gain_range_t range;

	range = usrp_dev->get_tx_gain_range();
	tx_gain_min = range.start();
	tx_gain_max = range.stop();

	range = usrp_dev->get_rx_gain_range();
	rx_gain_min = range.start();
	rx_gain_max = range.stop();

	for (size_t i = 0; i < tx_gains.size(); i++) {
		usrp_dev->set_tx_gain((tx_gain_min + tx_gain_max) / 2, i);
		tx_gains[i] = usrp_dev->get_tx_gain(i);
	}

	for (size_t i = 0; i < rx_gains.size(); i++) {
		usrp_dev->set_rx_gain((rx_gain_min + rx_gain_max) / 2, i);
		rx_gains[i] = usrp_dev->get_rx_gain(i);
	}

	return;

}

int uhd_device::set_master_clk(double clk_rate)
{
	double actual, offset, limit = 1.0;

	try {
		usrp_dev->set_master_clock_rate(clk_rate);
	} catch (const std::exception &ex) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD clock rate setting failed: " << clk_rate;
		LOG(ALERT) << ex.what();
		return -1;
	}

	actual = usrp_dev->get_master_clock_rate();
	offset = fabs(clk_rate - actual);

	if (offset > limit) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Failed to set master clock rate";
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested clock rate " << clk_rate;
		LOG(ALERT) << "Actual clock rate " << actual;
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

int uhd_device::set_rates(double tx_rate, double rx_rate)
{
	double offset_limit = 1.0;
	double tx_offset, rx_offset;

	/* B2XX and E1xx are the only device where we set FPGA clocking */
	if ((dev_type == B200) || (dev_type == B210)) {
		if (set_master_clk(B2XX_CLK_RT) < 0)
			return -1;
	}
	else if (dev_type == E1XX) {
		if (set_master_clk(E1XX_CLK_RT) < 0)
			return -1;
	}

	// Set sample rates
	try {
		usrp_dev->set_tx_rate(tx_rate);
		usrp_dev->set_rx_rate(rx_rate);
	} catch (const std::exception &ex) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD rate setting failed";
		LOG(ALERT) << ex.what();
		return -1;
	}
	this->tx_rate = usrp_dev->get_tx_rate();
	this->rx_rate = usrp_dev->get_rx_rate();

	tx_offset = fabs(this->tx_rate - tx_rate);
	rx_offset = fabs(this->rx_rate - rx_rate);
	if ((tx_offset > offset_limit) || (rx_offset > offset_limit)) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Actual sample rate differs from desired rate";
		LOG(ALERT) << "Tx/Rx (" << this->tx_rate << "/"
			   << this->rx_rate << ")";
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

double uhd_device::setTxGain(double db, size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= tx_gains.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel" << chan;
		return 0.0f;
	}

	if (dev_type == UMTRX) {
		if (!usrp_dev->get_device()->get_tree()->exists("/mboards/0/dboards/A/tx_frontends/0/internal_gains/VGA1")) {
			LOG(WARNING) << "Update your UHD version for a proper Tx gain support";
			usrp_dev->set_tx_gain(db, chan);
			tx_gains[chan] = usrp_dev->get_tx_gain(chan);
		} else {
			// New UHD versions support split configuration of
			// Tx gain stages. We utilize this to set the gain
			// configuration, optimal for the Tx signal quality.
			// From our measurements, VGA1 must be 18dB plus-minus
			// one and VGA2 is the best when 23dB or lower.
			std::string chan_name = "A";
			if (chan == 1) chan_name = "B";
			std::string tx_vga1_gain_path = "/mboards/0/dboards/" + chan_name + "/tx_frontends/0/internal_gains/VGA1/value";
			std::string tx_vga2_gain_path = "/mboards/0/dboards/" + chan_name + "/tx_frontends/0/internal_gains/VGA2/value";
			usrp_dev->get_device()->get_tree()->access<double>(tx_vga1_gain_path).set(UMTRX_VGA1_DEF);
			usrp_dev->get_device()->get_tree()->access<double>(tx_vga2_gain_path).set(UMTRX_VGA2_DEF);
			tx_gains[chan] = db;
		}
	} else {
		usrp_dev->set_tx_gain(db, chan);
		tx_gains[chan] = usrp_dev->get_tx_gain(chan);
	}

	LOG(INFO) << "Set TX gain to " << tx_gains[chan] << "dB";

	return tx_gains[chan];
}

double uhd_device::setRxGain(double db, size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= rx_gains.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return 0.0f;
	}

	usrp_dev->set_rx_gain(db, chan);
	rx_gains[chan] = usrp_dev->get_rx_gain(chan);

	LOG(INFO) << "Set RX gain to " << rx_gains[chan] << "dB";

	return rx_gains[chan];
}

double uhd_device::getRxGain(size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= rx_gains.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return 0.0f;
	}

	return rx_gains[chan];
}

/*
    Parse the UHD device tree and mboard name to find out what device we're
    dealing with. We need the window type so that the transceiver knows how to
    deal with the transport latency. Reject the USRP1 because UHD doesn't
    support timestamped samples with it.
 */
bool uhd_device::parse_dev_type()
{
	std::string mboard_str, dev_str;
	uhd::property_tree::sptr prop_tree;
	size_t usrp1_str, usrp2_str, e100_str, e110_str,
	       b100_str, b200_str, b210_str, umtrx_str;

	prop_tree = usrp_dev->get_device()->get_tree();
	dev_str = prop_tree->access<std::string>("/name").get();
	mboard_str = usrp_dev->get_mboard_name();

	usrp1_str = dev_str.find("USRP1");
	usrp2_str = dev_str.find("USRP2");
	b100_str = mboard_str.find("B100");
	b200_str = mboard_str.find("B200");
	b210_str = mboard_str.find("B210");
	e100_str = mboard_str.find("E100");
	e110_str = mboard_str.find("E110");
	umtrx_str = dev_str.find("UmTRX");

	if (usrp1_str != std::string::npos) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "USRP1 is not supported using the UHD driver";
		LOG(ALERT) << "Please compile with GNU Radio libusrp support";
		dev_type = USRP1;
		return false;
	}

	if (b100_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_USRP1;
		dev_type = B100;
	} else if (b200_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_USRP1;
		dev_type = B200;
	} else if (b210_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_USRP1;
		dev_type = B210;
	} else if (e100_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_FIXED;
		dev_type = E1XX;
	} else if (e110_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_FIXED;
		dev_type = E1XX;
	} else if (usrp2_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_FIXED;
		dev_type = USRP2;
	} else if (umtrx_str != std::string::npos) {
		tx_window = TX_WINDOW_FIXED;
		dev_type = UMTRX;
	} else {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Unknown UHD device type " << dev_str;
		return false;
	}

	if (tx_window == TX_WINDOW_USRP1) {
		LOG(INFO) << "Using USRP1 type transmit window for "
			  << dev_str << " " << mboard_str;
	} else {
		LOG(INFO) << "Using fixed transmit window for "
			  << dev_str << " " << mboard_str;
	}

	return true;
}

int uhd_device::open(const std::string &args, bool extref)
{
	// Find UHD devices
	uhd::device_addr_t addr(args);
	uhd::device_addrs_t dev_addrs = uhd::device::find(addr);
	if (dev_addrs.size() == 0) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "No UHD devices found with address '" << args << "'";
		return -1;
	}

	// Use the first found device
	LOG(INFO) << "Using discovered UHD device " << dev_addrs[0].to_string();
	try {
		usrp_dev = uhd::usrp::multi_usrp::make(dev_addrs[0]);
	} catch(...) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD make failed, device " << dev_addrs[0].to_string();
		return -1;
	}

	// Check for a valid device type and set bus type
	if (!parse_dev_type())
		return -1;

	// Verify and set channels
	if ((dev_type == B210) && (chans == 2)) {
	} else if ((dev_type == UMTRX) && (chans == 2)) {
		uhd::usrp::subdev_spec_t subdev_spec("A:0 B:0");
		usrp_dev->set_tx_subdev_spec(subdev_spec);
		usrp_dev->set_rx_subdev_spec(subdev_spec);
	} else if (chans != 1) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Invalid channel combination for device";
		return -1;
	}

	tx_freqs.resize(chans);
	rx_freqs.resize(chans);
	tx_gains.resize(chans);
	rx_gains.resize(chans);
	rx_buffers.resize(chans);

	if (extref)
		usrp_dev->set_clock_source("external");

	// Set rates
	double _rx_rate;
	double _tx_rate = select_rate(dev_type, sps);
	if (diversity)
		_rx_rate = select_rate(dev_type, 1, true);
	else
		_rx_rate = _tx_rate / sps;

	if ((_tx_rate < 0.0) || (_rx_rate < 0.0))
		return -1;
	if (set_rates(_tx_rate, _rx_rate) < 0)
		return -1;

	/* Create TX and RX streamers */
	uhd::stream_args_t stream_args("sc16");
	for (size_t i = 0; i < chans; i++)
		stream_args.channels.push_back(i);

	tx_stream = usrp_dev->get_tx_stream(stream_args);
	rx_stream = usrp_dev->get_rx_stream(stream_args);

	/* Number of samples per over-the-wire packet */
	tx_spp = tx_stream->get_max_num_samps();
	rx_spp = rx_stream->get_max_num_samps();

	// Create receive buffer
	size_t buf_len = SAMPLE_BUF_SZ / sizeof(uint32_t);
	for (size_t i = 0; i < rx_buffers.size(); i++)
		rx_buffers[i] = new smpl_buf(buf_len, rx_rate);

	// Set receive chain sample offset 
	double offset = get_dev_offset(dev_type, sps, diversity);
	if (offset == 0.0) {
		LOG(ERR) << "Unsupported configuration, no correction applied";
		ts_offset = 0;
	} else  {
		ts_offset = (TIMESTAMP) (offset * rx_rate);
	}

	// Initialize and shadow gain values 
	init_gains();

	// Print configuration
	LOG(INFO) << "\n" << usrp_dev->get_pp_string();

	if (diversity)
		return DIVERSITY;

	switch (dev_type) {
	case B100:
		return RESAMP_64M;
	case USRP2:
		return RESAMP_100M;
	case B200:
	case B210:
	case E1XX:
	default:
		break;
	}

	return NORMAL;
}

bool uhd_device::flush_recv(size_t num_pkts)
{
	uhd::rx_metadata_t md;
	size_t num_smpls;
	float timeout = 0.1f;

	std::vector<std::vector<short> >
		pkt_bufs(chans, std::vector<short>(2 * rx_spp));

	std::vector<short *> pkt_ptrs;
	for (size_t i = 0; i < pkt_bufs.size(); i++)
		pkt_ptrs.push_back(&pkt_bufs[i].front());

	ts_initial = 0;
	while (!ts_initial || (num_pkts-- > 0)) {
		num_smpls = rx_stream->recv(pkt_ptrs, rx_spp, md,
					    timeout, true);
		if (!num_smpls) {
			switch (md.error_code) {
			case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_TIMEOUT:
			default:
				continue;
			}
		}

		ts_initial = convert_time(md.time_spec, rx_rate);
	}

	LOG(INFO) << "Initial timestamp " << ts_initial << std::endl;

	return true;
}

void uhd_device::restart()
{
	/* Allow 100 ms delay to align multi-channel streams */
	double delay = 0.1;

	aligned = false;

	uhd::time_spec_t current = usrp_dev->get_time_now();

	uhd::stream_cmd_t cmd = uhd::stream_cmd_t::STREAM_MODE_START_CONTINUOUS;
	cmd.stream_now = false;
	cmd.time_spec = uhd::time_spec_t(current.get_real_secs() + delay);

	usrp_dev->issue_stream_cmd(cmd);

	flush_recv(1);
}

bool uhd_device::start()
{
	LOG(INFO) << "Starting USRP...";

	if (started) {
		LOG(ERR) << "Device already started";
		return false;
	}

	// Register msg handler
	uhd::msg::register_handler(&uhd_msg_handler);

	// Start asynchronous event (underrun check) loop
	async_event_thrd.start((void * (*)(void*))async_event_loop, (void*)this);

	// Start streaming
	restart();

	// Display usrp time
	double time_now = usrp_dev->get_time_now().get_real_secs();
	LOG(INFO) << "The current time is " << time_now << " seconds";

	started = true;
	return true;
}

bool uhd_device::stop()
{
	if (!started)
		return false;

	uhd::stream_cmd_t stream_cmd =
		uhd::stream_cmd_t::STREAM_MODE_STOP_CONTINUOUS;

	usrp_dev->issue_stream_cmd(stream_cmd);

	started = false;
	return true;
}

void uhd_device::setPriority(float prio)
{
	uhd::set_thread_priority_safe(prio);
	return;
}

int uhd_device::check_rx_md_err(uhd::rx_metadata_t &md, ssize_t num_smpls)
{
	uhd::time_spec_t ts;
	static int err_count = 0;

	if (!num_smpls) {
		LOG(ERR) << str_code(md);

		switch (md.error_code) {
		case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_TIMEOUT:
			LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Receive timed out";
			if (err_count > 100) {
				err_count = 0;
				return ERROR_UNRECOVERABLE;
			}
			err_count++;
		case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_OVERFLOW:
		case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_LATE_COMMAND:
		case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_BROKEN_CHAIN:
		case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_BAD_PACKET:
		default:
			return ERROR_UNHANDLED;
		}
	}

	// Missing timestamp
	if (!md.has_time_spec) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Received packet missing timestamp";
		return ERROR_UNRECOVERABLE;
	}

	ts = md.time_spec;

	// Monotonicity check
	if (ts < prev_ts) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Loss of monotonic time";
		LOG(ALERT) << "Current time: " << ts.get_real_secs() << ", " 
			   << "Previous time: " << prev_ts.get_real_secs();
		return ERROR_TIMING;
	} else {
		prev_ts = ts;
	}

	return 0;
}

int uhd_device::readSamples(std::vector<short *> &bufs, int len, bool *overrun,
			    TIMESTAMP timestamp, bool *underrun, unsigned *RSSI)
{
	ssize_t rc;
	uhd::time_spec_t ts;
	uhd::rx_metadata_t metadata;

	if (bufs.size() != chans) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Invalid channel combination " << bufs.size();
		return -1;
	}

	*overrun = false;
	*underrun = false;

	// Shift read time with respect to transmit clock
	timestamp += ts_offset;

	ts = convert_time(timestamp, rx_rate);
	LOG(DEBUG) << "Requested timestamp = " << ts.get_real_secs();

	// Check that timestamp is valid
	rc = rx_buffers[0]->avail_smpls(timestamp);
	if (rc < 0) {
		LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[0]->str_code(rc);
		LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[0]->str_status();
		return 0;
	}

	// Create vector buffer
	std::vector<std::vector<short> >
		pkt_bufs(chans, std::vector<short>(2 * rx_spp));

	std::vector<short *> pkt_ptrs;
	for (size_t i = 0; i < pkt_bufs.size(); i++)
		pkt_ptrs.push_back(&pkt_bufs[i].front());

	// Receive samples from the usrp until we have enough
	while (rx_buffers[0]->avail_smpls(timestamp) < len) {
		size_t num_smpls = rx_stream->recv(pkt_ptrs, rx_spp,
						   metadata, 0.1, true);
		rx_pkt_cnt++;

		// Check for errors 
		rc = check_rx_md_err(metadata, num_smpls);
		switch (rc) {
		case ERROR_UNRECOVERABLE:
			LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Version " << uhd::get_version_string();
			LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Unrecoverable error, exiting...";
			exit(-1);
		case ERROR_TIMING:
			restart();
		case ERROR_UNHANDLED:
			continue;
		}

		ts = metadata.time_spec;
		LOG(DEBUG) << "Received timestamp = " << ts.get_real_secs();

		for (size_t i = 0; i < rx_buffers.size(); i++) {
			rc = rx_buffers[i]->write((short *) &pkt_bufs[i].front(),
						  num_smpls,
						  metadata.time_spec);

			// Continue on local overrun, exit on other errors
			if ((rc < 0)) {
				LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[i]->str_code(rc);
				LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[i]->str_status();
				if (rc != smpl_buf::ERROR_OVERFLOW)
					return 0;
			}
		}
	}

	// We have enough samples
	for (size_t i = 0; i < rx_buffers.size(); i++) {
		rc = rx_buffers[i]->read(bufs[i], len, timestamp);
		if ((rc < 0) || (rc != len)) {
			LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[i]->str_code(rc);
			LOG(ERR) << rx_buffers[i]->str_status();
			return 0;
		}
	}

	return len;
}

int uhd_device::writeSamples(std::vector<short *> &bufs, int len, bool *underrun,
			     unsigned long long timestamp,bool isControl)
{
	uhd::tx_metadata_t metadata;
	metadata.has_time_spec = true;
	metadata.start_of_burst = false;
	metadata.end_of_burst = false;
	metadata.time_spec = convert_time(timestamp, tx_rate);

	*underrun = false;

	// No control packets
	if (isControl) {
		LOG(ERR) << "Control packets not supported";
		return 0;
	}

	if (bufs.size() != chans) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Invalid channel combination " << bufs.size();
		return -1;
	}

	// Drop a fixed number of packets (magic value)
	if (!aligned) {
		drop_cnt++;

		if (drop_cnt == 1) {
			LOG(DEBUG) << "Aligning transmitter: stop burst";
			*underrun = true;
			metadata.end_of_burst = true;
		} else if (drop_cnt < 30) {
			LOG(DEBUG) << "Aligning transmitter: packet advance";
			return len;
		} else {
			LOG(DEBUG) << "Aligning transmitter: start burst";
			metadata.start_of_burst = true;
			aligned = true;
			drop_cnt = 0;
		}
	}

	size_t num_smpls = tx_stream->send(bufs, len, metadata);
	if (num_smpls != (unsigned) len) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "UHD: Device send timed out";
	}

	return num_smpls;
}

bool uhd_device::updateAlignment(TIMESTAMP timestamp)
{
	return true;
}

uhd::tune_request_t uhd_device::select_freq(double freq, size_t chan, bool tx)
{
	double rf_spread, rf_freq;
	std::vector<double> freqs;
	uhd::tune_request_t treq(freq);

	if (dev_type == UMTRX) {
		if (offset > 0.0)
			return uhd::tune_request_t(freq, offset);

		// Don't use DSP tuning, because LMS6002D PLL steps are small enough.
		// We end up with DSP tuning just for 2-3Hz, which is meaningless and
		// only distort the signal (because cordic is not ideal).
		treq.target_freq = freq;
		treq.rf_freq_policy = uhd::tune_request_t::POLICY_MANUAL;
		treq.rf_freq = freq;
		treq.dsp_freq_policy = uhd::tune_request_t::POLICY_MANUAL;
		treq.dsp_freq = 0.0;
	} else if (chans == 1) {
		if (offset == 0.0)
			return treq;

		return uhd::tune_request_t(freq, offset);
	} else if ((dev_type != B210) || (chans > 2) || (chan > 1)) {
		LOG(ALERT) << chans << " channels unsupported";
		return treq;
	}

	if (tx)
		freqs = tx_freqs;
	else
		freqs = rx_freqs;

	/* Tune directly if other channel isn't tuned */
	if (freqs[!chan] < 10.0)
		return treq;

	/* Find center frequency between channels */
	rf_spread = fabs(freqs[!chan] - freq);
	if (rf_spread > B2XX_CLK_RT) {
		LOG(ALERT) << rf_spread << "Hz tuning spread not supported\n";
		return treq;
	}

	rf_freq = (freqs[!chan] + freq) / 2.0f;

	treq.rf_freq_policy = uhd::tune_request_t::POLICY_MANUAL;
	treq.target_freq = freq;
	treq.rf_freq = rf_freq;

	return treq;
}

bool uhd_device::set_freq(double freq, size_t chan, bool tx)
{
	std::vector<double> freqs;
	uhd::tune_result_t tres;
	uhd::tune_request_t treq = select_freq(freq, chan, tx);

	if (tx) {
		tres = usrp_dev->set_tx_freq(treq, chan);
		tx_freqs[chan] = usrp_dev->get_tx_freq(chan);
	} else {
		tres = usrp_dev->set_rx_freq(treq, chan);
		rx_freqs[chan] = usrp_dev->get_rx_freq(chan);
	}
	LOG(INFO) << "\n" << tres.to_pp_string() << std::endl;

	if ((chans == 1) || ((chans == 2) && dev_type == UMTRX))
		return true;

	/* Manual RF policy means we intentionally tuned with a baseband
	 * offset for dual-channel purposes. Now retune the other channel
	 * with the opposite corresponding frequency offset
	 */
	if (treq.rf_freq_policy == uhd::tune_request_t::POLICY_MANUAL) {
		if (tx) {
			treq = select_freq(tx_freqs[!chan], !chan, true);
			tres = usrp_dev->set_tx_freq(treq, !chan);
			tx_freqs[!chan] = usrp_dev->get_tx_freq(!chan);
		} else {
			treq = select_freq(rx_freqs[!chan], !chan, false);
			tres = usrp_dev->set_rx_freq(treq, !chan);
			rx_freqs[!chan] = usrp_dev->get_rx_freq(!chan);

		}
		LOG(INFO) << "\n" << tres.to_pp_string() << std::endl;
	}

	return true;
}

bool uhd_device::setTxFreq(double wFreq, size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= tx_freqs.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return false;
	}

	return set_freq(wFreq, chan, true);
}

bool uhd_device::setRxFreq(double wFreq, size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= rx_freqs.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return false;
	}

	return set_freq(wFreq, chan, false);
}

double uhd_device::getTxFreq(size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= tx_freqs.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return 0.0;
	}

	return tx_freqs[chan];
}

double uhd_device::getRxFreq(size_t chan)
{
	if (chan >= rx_freqs.size()) {
		LOG(ALERT) << "Requested non-existent channel " << chan;
		return 0.0;
	}

	return rx_freqs[chan];
}

bool uhd_device::recv_async_msg()
{
	uhd::async_metadata_t md;
	if (!usrp_dev->get_device()->recv_async_msg(md))
		return false;

	// Assume that any error requires resynchronization
	if (md.event_code != uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_BURST_ACK) {
		aligned = false;

		if ((md.event_code != uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_UNDERFLOW) &&
		    (md.event_code != uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_TIME_ERROR)) {
			LOG(ERR) << str_code(md);
		}
	}

	return true;
}

std::string uhd_device::str_code(uhd::rx_metadata_t metadata)
{
	std::ostringstream ost("UHD: ");

	switch (metadata.error_code) {
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_NONE:
		ost << "No error";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_TIMEOUT:
		ost << "No packet received, implementation timed-out";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_LATE_COMMAND:
		ost << "A stream command was issued in the past";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_BROKEN_CHAIN:
		ost << "Expected another stream command";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_OVERFLOW:
		ost << "An internal receive buffer has filled";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_ALIGNMENT:
		ost << "Multi-channel alignment failed";
		break;
	case uhd::rx_metadata_t::ERROR_CODE_BAD_PACKET:
		ost << "The packet could not be parsed";
		break;
	default:
		ost << "Unknown error " << metadata.error_code;
	}

	if (metadata.has_time_spec)
		ost << " at " << metadata.time_spec.get_real_secs() << " sec.";

	return ost.str();
}

std::string uhd_device::str_code(uhd::async_metadata_t metadata)
{
	std::ostringstream ost("UHD: ");

	switch (metadata.event_code) {
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_BURST_ACK:
		ost << "A packet was successfully transmitted";
		break;
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_UNDERFLOW:
		ost << "An internal send buffer has emptied";
		break;
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_SEQ_ERROR:
		ost << "Packet loss between host and device";
		break;
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_TIME_ERROR:
		ost << "Packet time was too late or too early";
		break;
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_UNDERFLOW_IN_PACKET:
		ost << "Underflow occurred inside a packet";
		break;
	case uhd::async_metadata_t::EVENT_CODE_SEQ_ERROR_IN_BURST:
		ost << "Packet loss within a burst";
		break;
	default:
		ost << "Unknown error " << metadata.event_code;
	}

	if (metadata.has_time_spec)
		ost << " at " << metadata.time_spec.get_real_secs() << " sec.";

	return ost.str();
}

smpl_buf::smpl_buf(size_t len, double rate)
	: buf_len(len), clk_rt(rate),
	  time_start(0), time_end(0), data_start(0), data_end(0)
{
	data = new uint32_t[len];
}

smpl_buf::~smpl_buf()
{
	delete[] data;
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::avail_smpls(TIMESTAMP timestamp) const
{
	if (timestamp < time_start)
		return ERROR_TIMESTAMP;
	else if (timestamp >= time_end)
		return 0;
	else
		return time_end - timestamp;
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::avail_smpls(uhd::time_spec_t timespec) const
{
	return avail_smpls(convert_time(timespec, clk_rt));
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::read(void *buf, size_t len, TIMESTAMP timestamp)
{
	int type_sz = 2 * sizeof(short);

	// Check for valid read
	if (timestamp < time_start)
		return ERROR_TIMESTAMP;
	if (timestamp >= time_end)
		return 0;
	if (len >= buf_len)
		return ERROR_READ;

	// How many samples should be copied
	size_t num_smpls = time_end - timestamp;
	if (num_smpls > len)
		num_smpls = len;

	// Starting index
	size_t read_start = (data_start + (timestamp - time_start)) % buf_len;

	// Read it
	if (read_start + num_smpls < buf_len) {
		size_t numBytes = len * type_sz;
		memcpy(buf, data + read_start, numBytes);
	} else {
		size_t first_cp = (buf_len - read_start) * type_sz;
		size_t second_cp = len * type_sz - first_cp;

		memcpy(buf, data + read_start, first_cp);
		memcpy((char*) buf + first_cp, data, second_cp);
	}

	data_start = (read_start + len) % buf_len;
	time_start = timestamp + len;

	if (time_start > time_end)
		return ERROR_READ;
	else
		return num_smpls;
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::read(void *buf, size_t len, uhd::time_spec_t ts)
{
	return read(buf, len, convert_time(ts, clk_rt));
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::write(void *buf, size_t len, TIMESTAMP timestamp)
{
	int type_sz = 2 * sizeof(short);

	// Check for valid write
	if ((len == 0) || (len >= buf_len))
		return ERROR_WRITE;
	if ((timestamp + len) <= time_end)
		return ERROR_TIMESTAMP;

	// Starting index
	size_t write_start = (data_start + (timestamp - time_start)) % buf_len;

	// Write it
	if ((write_start + len) < buf_len) {
		size_t numBytes = len * type_sz;
		memcpy(data + write_start, buf, numBytes);
	} else {
		size_t first_cp = (buf_len - write_start) * type_sz;
		size_t second_cp = len * type_sz - first_cp;

		memcpy(data + write_start, buf, first_cp);
		memcpy(data, (char*) buf + first_cp, second_cp);
	}

	data_end = (write_start + len) % buf_len;
	time_end = timestamp + len;

	if (!data_start)
		data_start = write_start;

	if (((write_start + len) > buf_len) && (data_end > data_start))
		return ERROR_OVERFLOW;
	else if (time_end <= time_start)
		return ERROR_WRITE;
	else
		return len;
}

ssize_t smpl_buf::write(void *buf, size_t len, uhd::time_spec_t ts)
{
	return write(buf, len, convert_time(ts, clk_rt));
}

std::string smpl_buf::str_status() const
{
	std::ostringstream ost("Sample buffer: ");

	ost << "length = " << buf_len;
	ost << ", time_start = " << time_start;
	ost << ", time_end = " << time_end;
	ost << ", data_start = " << data_start;
	ost << ", data_end = " << data_end;

	return ost.str();
}

std::string smpl_buf::str_code(ssize_t code)
{
	switch (code) {
	case ERROR_TIMESTAMP:
		return "Sample buffer: Requested timestamp is not valid";
	case ERROR_READ:
		return "Sample buffer: Read error";
	case ERROR_WRITE:
		return "Sample buffer: Write error";
	case ERROR_OVERFLOW:
		return "Sample buffer: Overrun";
	default:
		return "Sample buffer: Unknown error";
	}
}

RadioDevice *RadioDevice::make(size_t sps, size_t chans,
			       bool diversity, double offset)
{
	return new uhd_device(sps, chans, diversity, offset);
}