|author||Harald Welte <email@example.com>||2017-10-12 21:37:48 +0800|
|committer||Harald Welte <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2017-10-14 07:34:12 +0200|
GGSN: Document how 'ip tuntap' is used for non-root; call netdev 'apn0'
* Some people want to manually create/configure their tun devices, show them how to do this using ip with the correct parameters * Let's not call the network device 'ggsn' but rather 'apn0', as the device has a 1:1 correspondence to the APN, not to the GGSN. Change-Id: I2fef818bfcb8cb521397136539f492922d5f6def
1 files changed, 44 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/OsmoGGSN/chapters/configuration.adoc b/OsmoGGSN/chapters/configuration.adoc
index 9e07fb6..9a4c81b 100644
@@ -246,26 +246,62 @@ OsmoGGSN(config-ggsn-apn)# shutdown <5>
It's possible to run OsmoGGSN without root privileges if the tun devices are already configured.
-.Example: device config via systemd-networkd using ggsn.netdev
+The interface creation + configuration must then happen before osmo-ggsn starting up. This can be
+achieved by means such as
+* a custom shell script run as root before starting osmo-ggsn (e.g. as init script)
+* systemd .netdev and .network files
+==== Manual TUN device creation / configuration
+If you chose to go for custom shell/init scripts, you may use the `ip` program which is the standard
+tool for network interface configuration on Linux, part of the `iproute2` package. In order to
+create a tun device, you must call it like this:
+.Example: iproute2 command to create a tun device
+# ip tuntap add dev apn0 mode tun user username group groupname
+Where _username_ and _groupname_ correspond to the User and Group that will have ownership over the
+device, i.e. the privileges which you intend to run osmo-ggsn under, and _apn0_ will be the
+name of the network device created. After creating the interface, you can configure its addresses
+using standard means like `ip addr add` or your distribution-specific utilities/tools.
+==== systemd based TUN device creation+configuration
+If you want to have systemd take care of creating and configuring a tun device for you,
+you can use the below example config files.
+.Example: device config via systemd-networkd using apn0.netdev
+<1> The network interface name of the newly-created device
+<2> The username under which you will run OsmoGGSN
+<3> The group name under which you will run OsmoGGSN
.Example: network settings via systemd-networkd using ggsn.network
+<1> The netowrk device name, which must match the one in the apn0.netdev unit file above
+<2> The local IP address configured on the device
+<3> Requesting systemd to configure IP masquerading for this interface. Depending on your needs,
+ You may not want this if you have proper end-to-end routing set up, and want to have transparent
+ inbound IP access to your GPRS-attached devices.
The pair of the configuration files above allows you to create and configure tun device which can be
used by OsmoGGSN as follows.
@@ -277,7 +313,7 @@ ggsn ggsn0
gtp bind-ip 127.0.0.6
- tun-device ggsn
+ tun-device apn0
ip prefix dynamic 192.168.7.0/24
ip dns 0 192.168.100.1