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If multiple BTS are configured with identical ARFCN+BSIC, handover cannot
possibly work. Add warn_on_arfcn_bsic_collisions() and when collisions are
- exit right away on program startup.
- warn on vty bts node-exit (go_parent_cb()), i.e. when ARFCN+BSIC collide
implicitly from default values.
- warn on vty bts/base_station_id_code cmd coming from telnet vty,
i.e. when the user actively configures colliding BSIC.
- warn on vty trx/arfcn cmd coming from telnet vty,
i.e. when the user actively configures colliding ARFCN.
When warning, warn on all of:
- DHO log,
- vty_out() in case a vty instance is passed (i.e. from interactive vty).
It's better to log this once too often than let the user miss it.
Rationale: when I started to implement ttcn3 tests for inter-bsc HO, I saw that
the new code based on ARFCN+BSIC would cause a handover request intended to go
from BTS 0 to BTS 1 to instead go from BTS 0 to back to BTS 0 -- because of
identical ARFCN+BSIC in the config of ttcn3-bsc-tests. Such a config badly
confuses handover: measurement reports interpreted to come from the wrong cell,
all handovers attempted to go to the first BTS (sometimes correctly, sometimes
wrongly), in short, non-obvious failure across the handover board. The network
would appear to work well, but occasionally a handover would kill a call
without apparent reason. It seems worthwhile to prevent such misconfiguration
as early as possible, and even allow previous ARFCN+BSIC misconfiguration that
used to work to instead break now (only upon reading config during program
startup, to not cause program exit just because a user introduces a temporary
collision in an interactive vty session).
- timeslot_fsm: handle dynamic timeslots and OML+RSL availability.
- lchan_fsm: handle an individual lchan activation, RTP stream and release,
signal the appropriate calling FSMs on success, failure, release.
- mgw_endpoint_fsm: handle one entire endpoint with several CI.
- assignment_fsm: BSSMAP Assignment Request.
- handover_fsm: all of intra, inter-MO and inter-MT handover.
Above FSMs absorb large parts of the gscon FSM. The gscon FSM was surpassing
the maximum amount events (32), and it is more logical to treat assignment,
handover and MGW procedures in separate FSMs.
- Add logging macros for each FSM type:
- LOG_MGWEP(), LOG_CI()
These log with the osmo_fsm_inst where present.
New style decision: logging without a final newline char is awkward,
especially for gsmtap logging and when other logs interleave LOGPC() calls;
we have various cases where the final \n goes missing, and also this invokes
the log category checking N times instead of once.
So I decided to make these macros *always* append a newline, but only if
there is no final newline yet. I hope that the compiler optimizes the
strlen() of the constant format strings away. Thus I can log with or without
typing "\n" and always get an \n termination anyway.
- replace osmo_timers, state enums and program-wide osmo_signal_dispatch()
with dedicated FSM timeouts, states and events.
- introduce a common way to handle Tnnn timers: gsm_timers.h/.c: struct T_def.
These can be used (with some macro magic) to define a state's timeout once,
and not make mistakes for each osmo_fsm_inst_state_chg().
- move most states of this FSM to lchan_fsm, assignment_fsm, handover_fsm and
- There is exactly one state for an ongoing Assignment, with all details
handled in conn->assignment.fi. The state relies on the assignment_fsm's
- There is one state for an ongoing Handover; except for an incoming Handover
from a remote BSS, the gscon remains in ST_INIT until the new lchan and conn
are both established.
- move bssmap_add_lcls_status() to osmo_bsc_lcls.c
- move all dynamic timeslot logic away into timeslot_fsm. Only keep plain send/receive functions in
- reduce some rsl functions to merely send a message, rename to "_tx_".
- rsl_ipacc_mdcx(): add '_tx_' in the name; move parts that change the lchan state out into the
lchan_fsm, the lchan->abis_ip.* are now set there prior to invoking this function.
- move all timers and error/release handling away into various FSMs.
- tweak ipa_smod_s_for_lchan() and ipa_rtp_pt_for_lchan() to not require an
lchan passed, but just mode,type that they require. Rename to
ipacc_speech_mode*() and ipacc_payload_type().
- add rsl_forward_layer3_info, used for inter-BSC HO MO, to just send the RR
message received during BSSMAP Handover Command.
- move various logging to LOG_LCHAN() in order to log with the lchan FSM instance.
One drawback is that the lchan FSM is limited to one logging category, i.e. this moves some logging
from DRR to DRSL. It might actually make sense to combine those categories.
- lose LOGP...LOGPC logging cascades: they are bad for gsmtap logging and for performance.
- handle_classmark_chg(): change logging, move cm2 len check out of the cm3 condition (I hope that's
- gsm48_send_ho_cmd(): split off gsm48_make_ho_cmd() which doesn't send right away, so that during
inter-bsc HO we can make an RR Handover Command to send via the MSC to the remote BSS.
- the Chan Mode Modify in case of re-using the same lchan is not implemented
yet, because this was also missing in the previous implementation.
It doesn't make sense to spread them all over the place, and introduces odd
dependencies from utility programs or regression test linkages.
This is a cosmetic patch preparing for lchan activation refactoring.
In certain situations like handover or assignment, DTAP must not go out via RSL
directly but is cached to be submitted later. Make sure that all RSL DTAP
sending adheres to this:
gscon_submit_rsl_dtap() is the new "public" API to request an RSL DTAP to be
sent. Depending on the gscon's state, this ends up in the cache or is sent
directly. When caching, there is no way to tell whether sending will succeed or
not, so semantically it does not make sense to even return a result code. Just
return void. Change all "public" callers to gscon_submit_rsl_dtap().
Merge gsm0808_submit_dtap() and submit_dtap() guts to gsm0808_send_rsl_dtap(),
static in bsc_subscr_conn_fsm.c: directly send DTAP, assume a conn->lchan to be
present, or otherwise trigger a BSSMAP Clear Request.
The static submit_dtap() becomes a thin convenience wrapper.
Move ho_dtap_cache* functions to bsc_subscr_conn_fsm.c and rename to
gscon_dtap_cache_* -- they are not only for handover, also for assignment.
Function gsm0808_submit_dtap() m
Introduce function gscon_submit_rsl_dtap()
The GSCON FSM does not care about the codec information when performing
interactions with the MGW. Before upgrading the client the codec
information was hardcoded to AMR inside the client. Now the client
offers APIs to set the codec information. Since this feature is new,
osmo-bsc does not set any codec information yet, which causes many of
the TTCN3 tests to fail. So lets add some logic to pick suitable codec
- Hardcode ptime to 20 (is the same for all possible codecs)
- Select a codec according to the flags in userplane
Only meas_json is added so far, since the other related ones are
Move to gsm_04_08_utils.c so that it's possible to use it without
linking/stubbing all of RSL.
Commit "dyn ts, bts_ipaccess_nanobts.c: init PDCH on Chan OPSTART ACK"
introduced signal S_NM_OPSTART_ACK and passed the FOM header to identify the BTS
by. But the FOM header's BTS number is zero on each Abis/IP link, and the BTS
and TRX are actually identified by msgb->dst == e1inp_sign_link, member trx. So
the initial implementation associated *all* Channel OPSTART ACKs with BTS 0.
Pass the entire msgb as S_NM_OPSTART_ACK signal argument, implement a
abis_nm_get_ts() to retrieve the proper timeslot and use that during timeslot
Related: OS#3351 OS#3205
When we receive a RSL CONN FAIL IND, it may be that this happens
before any RLL is established (and hence a lchan->conn exists),
or after the RLLs have been shut down (and hence a lchan->conn doesn't
So in this function, it is not legal to unconditionally dereference
3GPP TS 48.006 section 9.2 states clearly that any SCCP connection
release must be initiated by the MSC.
for bsc_subscr_conn_fsm, this means that even after sending the
BSSMAP CLEAR COMPLETE, we must not terminate the FSM, as this would
cause a N-DISCONNET.req to be sent to the stack for the associated
The bsc_subscr_conn_fsm instances will hence stay alive until the MSC
eventually decises to release them.
We use the newly-introduced logging_vty_add_deprecated_subsys() from
libosmovty to make sure old config files will still parse even after
In Change-Id OSI6b7354f3b23a26bb4eab12213ca3d3b614c8154f we introduced
a function called osmo_ss7_asp_rx_unknown() which was supposed ot
override a weak symbol in libosmo-sigtran. However, the related change
in libosmo-sigtran (I8616f914192000df0ec6547ff4ada80e0f9042a2) was
modified later on to use explicit registration of a call-back function
instead of weak symbol override.
Let's adopt the osmo-bsc code to make use of this explict call-back
In Change-Id I6b7354f3b23a26bb4eab12213ca3d3b614c8154f we removed
the "dest" vty command, but we should simply ignore it and print
a related warning during start.
Will be used in upcoming inter-BSC handover.
Do not invoke OSMO_STRINGIFY() with arbitrary names, just quote instead.
The idea was that OSMO_STRINGIFY() avoids typos by ensuring well-defined names
are stringified, but this highlights that OSMO_STRINGIFY() is in fact usable
with completely arbitrary arguments and actually lacks the validation part :/
Add lchan and timeslot FSM charts to illustrate planning of how osmo-bsc should
handle lchan assignment and release.
Modify assignment, handover, lchan-release charts according to the new plan.
Another small step towards being aware of the subscriber identity.
Any connection initiated by paging will subsequently log the subscriber's
identity -- of course not necessarily the IMSI, if paging was done by TMSI.
This is only for Paging, not the Paging Response; for that see, L3 Complete.
This is a tiny step towards being aware of a connection's subscriber identity.
Iff the Layer 3 Complete message contains an IMSI, associate a bsc_subscr with
the conn, so that subsequent logging and possibly meas_feed contains the IMSI.
For any L3 Complete using TMSI, this has no effect whatsoever.
Keep the bsc_subscr associated with the conn as long as possible, to benefit
logging, which then contains the subscriber identity (if any).
Instead of silently setting the use count to 1, instead increment with an
explicit bsc_subsct_get(), which then logs the event along with the place that
created the subscriber.
The guts of bssap_speech_from_lchan() and lchan_to_chosen_channel() have been
moved to libosmocore; call those instead.
The return value of bssap_speech_from_lchan() used to be -1 on error, now the
error value is 0. The only caller did not handle -1 properly, but fed it
directly to a uint8_t.
On gsm0808_chosen_channel() error, log the error. Proper handling is missing.
Fixing the error handling in send_ass_compl() is a separate issue: currently it
is limited to logging, there is no way to return an error yet, nor any actions
to take on error.
Depends: Icca23940791f97fa64dbc3f2734270b99f9550c1 (libosmocore)
In each code path within rsl_rx_chan_act_nack(), do separate logging of the
NACK to ensure proper termination of each log line.
When receiving a Chan Act NACK, we possibly mixed a LOGP() within an
unterminated other LOGP() that had not been ended with a LOGPC() yet.
When the BTS responds with a Chan Act NACK, i.e. the lchan could not be
activated, immediately signal Assignment Failure to the MSC (in
In handle_chan_nack(), adjust log: instead of waiting for timeout, we now
signal Assignment Failure.
Drop misleading logging from bsc_assign_fail(): instead of transmitting the
Assignment Failure message, it actually signals an FSM event. Leave logging of
that to the FSM logging.
Call one common function to signal Assignment Failure and transition back to
struct bsc_api was used to provide an abstract API for both osmo-bsc and
osmo-msc, between BSC and MSC. That's no longer needed, so get rid of it, to
prevent code turbulences it creates for no reason.
Move all of libbsc/ into osmo-bsc/, and separate/move some implementations to
allow linking from utils/* and ipaccess/* without pulling in unccessary
Some utilities use gsm_network and gsm_bts structs, which already include data
structures for fairly advanced uses. Move initialization that only osmo-bsc
needs into new bsc_network_init() and bsc_bts_alloc_register() functions, so
that the leaner tools can use the old gsm_* versions without the need to link
everything (e.g. handover and lchan alloc code).
In some instances, there need to be stubs if to cut off linking "just before
the RSL level" and prevent dependencies from creeping in.
- abis_rsl_rcvmsg(): the only program currently interpreting RSL messages is
osmo-bsc, the utils are merely concerned with OML, if at all.
- paging_flush_bts(): ip.access nanobts models call this when the RSL link is
dropped. Only osmo-bsc actually needs to do anything there.
- on_gsm_ts_init(): the mechanism to trigger timeslot initialization is related
to OML, while this action to take on init would pull in RSL dependencies.
utils/ and ipaccess/ each have a stubs.c file to implement these stubs. Tests
implement stubs inline where required.
From src/utils/, src/ipaccess/ and tests/*/, link in .o files from osmo-bsc/.
In order for this to work, the osmo-bsc subdir must be built before the other
source trees. (An alternative would be to include the .c files as sources, but
that would re-compile them in every source tree. Not a large burden really, but
unless linking .o files gives problems, let's have the quicker build.)
Minor obvious cleanups creep in with this patch, I will not bother to name them
individually now unless code review asks me to.
1) libbsc has been separate to use it for osmo-nitb and osmo-bsc in the old
openbsc.git. This is no longer required, and spreading over libbsc and osmo-bsc
2) Recently, ridiculous linking requirements have made adding new functions
cumbersome, because libbsc has started depending on osmo-bsc/*.c
implementations: on gscon FSM and bssap functions. For example, neither
bs11_config nor ipaccess-config nor bts_test need handover_cfg or BSSMAP
message composition. It makes no sense to link the entire osmo-bsc to it, nor
do we want to keep adding stubs to each linking realm.
The TEST_SCAN_TO_MSC is completely unused, but still the code linked
bsc_scan_bts_msg() for the unused code path. This is unlikely to ever be
expanded. Remove TEST_SCAN_TO_MSC and reduce linking requirements.
(I am this close to dropping the test entirely to avoid continuous linking
annoyance, but ok, since nothing else tests timezones AFAIK, keeping it.)
Rationale: channel_test is trivial and useless, probably only exists as a
legacy from openbsc.git.
- it tests two printf()s of "(bts=45,trx=0,ts=3,ss=4)", hardly useful.
- it tests ts_subslots() behavior for dyn ts, which will soon be replaced by a
most trivial mapping that does no longer need complex dyn ts state
evaluation (when introducing the new timeslot FSM to handle dyn TS switchover).