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/*
 * Handle the connection to the MSC. This include ping/timeout/reconnect
 * (C) 2008-2009 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
 * (C) 2009-2010 by Holger Hans Peter Freyther <zecke@selfish.org>
 * (C) 2009-2010 by On-Waves
 * All Rights Reserved
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 */

#include <openbsc/bsc_nat.h>
#include <openbsc/debug.h>
#include <openbsc/gsm_data.h>
#include <openbsc/ipaccess.h>
#include <openbsc/osmo_msc_data.h>
#include <openbsc/signal.h>

#include <osmocom/core/gsm0808.h>

#include <osmocom/sccp/sccp.h>

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <unistd.h>


static void initialize_if_needed(struct bsc_msc_connection *conn);
static void send_id_get_response(struct osmo_msc_data *data, int fd);
static void send_ping(struct osmo_msc_data *data);

/*
 * MGCP forwarding code
 */
static int mgcp_do_read(struct bsc_fd *fd)
{
	struct osmo_msc_data *data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) fd->data;
	struct msgb *mgcp;
	int ret;

	mgcp = msgb_alloc_headroom(4096, 128, "mgcp_from_gw");
	if (!mgcp) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to allocate MGCP message.\n");
		return -1;
	}

	ret = read(fd->fd, mgcp->data, 4096 - 128);
	if (ret <= 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to read: %d/%s\n", errno, strerror(errno));
		msgb_free(mgcp);
		return -1;
	} else if (ret > 4096 - 128) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Too much data: %d\n", ret);
		msgb_free(mgcp);
		return -1;
        }

	mgcp->l2h = msgb_put(mgcp, ret);
	msc_queue_write(data->msc_con, mgcp, IPAC_PROTO_MGCP_OLD);
	return 0;
}

static int mgcp_do_write(struct bsc_fd *fd, struct msgb *msg)
{
	int ret;

	LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_DEBUG, "Sending msg to MGCP GW size: %u\n", msg->len);

	ret = write(fd->fd, msg->data, msg->len);
	if (ret != msg->len)
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to forward message to MGCP GW (%s).\n", strerror(errno));

	return ret;
}

static void mgcp_forward(struct osmo_msc_data *data, struct msgb *msg)
{
	struct msgb *mgcp;

	if (msgb_l2len(msg) > 4096) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Can not forward too big message.\n");
		return;
	}

	mgcp = msgb_alloc(4096, "mgcp_to_gw");
	if (!mgcp) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to send message.\n");
		return;
	}

	msgb_put(mgcp, msgb_l2len(msg));
	memcpy(mgcp->data, msg->l2h, mgcp->len);
	if (write_queue_enqueue(&data->mgcp_agent, mgcp) != 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_FATAL, "Could not queue message to MGCP GW.\n");
		msgb_free(mgcp);
	}
}

static int mgcp_create_port(struct osmo_msc_data *data)
{
	int on;
	struct sockaddr_in addr;

	data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
	if (data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd < 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_FATAL, "Failed to create UDP socket errno: %d\n", errno);
		return -1;
	}

	on = 1;
	setsockopt(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on));

	/* try to bind the socket */
	memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(addr));
	addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
	addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
	addr.sin_port = 0;

	if (bind(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_FATAL, "Failed to bind to any port.\n");
		close(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd);
		data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd = -1;
		return -1;
	}

	/* connect to the remote */
	addr.sin_port = htons(2427);
	if (connect(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd, (struct sockaddr *) & addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_FATAL, "Failed to connect to local MGCP GW. %s\n", strerror(errno));
		close(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd);
		data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd = -1;
		return -1;
	}

	write_queue_init(&data->mgcp_agent, 10);
	data->mgcp_agent.bfd.when = BSC_FD_READ;
	data->mgcp_agent.bfd.data = data;
	data->mgcp_agent.read_cb = mgcp_do_read;
	data->mgcp_agent.write_cb = mgcp_do_write;

	if (bsc_register_fd(&data->mgcp_agent.bfd) != 0) {
		LOGP(DMGCP, LOGL_FATAL, "Failed to register BFD\n");
		close(data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd);
		data->mgcp_agent.bfd.fd = -1;
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Send data to the network
 */
int msc_queue_write(struct bsc_msc_connection *conn, struct msgb *msg, int proto)
{
	ipaccess_prepend_header(msg, proto);
	if (write_queue_enqueue(&conn->write_queue, msg) != 0) {
		LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_FATAL, "Failed to queue IPA/%d\n", proto);
		msgb_free(msg);
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int msc_alink_do_write(struct bsc_fd *fd, struct msgb *msg)
{
	int ret;

	LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_DEBUG, "Sending SCCP to MSC: %u\n", msgb_l2len(msg));
	LOGP(DMI, LOGL_DEBUG, "MSC TX %s\n", hexdump(msg->data, msg->len));

	ret = write(fd->fd, msg->data, msg->len);
	if (ret < msg->len)
		perror("MSC: Failed to send SCCP");

	return ret;
}

static int ipaccess_a_fd_cb(struct bsc_fd *bfd)
{
	int error;
	struct msgb *msg = ipaccess_read_msg(bfd, &error);
	struct ipaccess_head *hh;
	struct osmo_msc_data *data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) bfd->data;

	if (!msg) {
		if (error == 0) {
			LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "The connection to the MSC was lost.\n");
			bsc_msc_lost(data->msc_con);
			return -1;
		}

		LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to parse ip access message: %d\n", error);
		return -1;
	}

	LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_DEBUG, "From MSC: %s proto: %d\n", hexdump(msg->data, msg->len), msg->l2h[0]);

	/* handle base message handling */
	hh = (struct ipaccess_head *) msg->data;
	ipaccess_rcvmsg_base(msg, bfd);

	/* initialize the networking. This includes sending a GSM08.08 message */
	if (hh->proto == IPAC_PROTO_IPACCESS) {
		if (msg->l2h[0] == IPAC_MSGT_ID_ACK)
			initialize_if_needed(data->msc_con);
		else if (msg->l2h[0] == IPAC_MSGT_ID_GET) {
			send_id_get_response(data, bfd->fd);
		} else if (msg->l2h[0] == IPAC_MSGT_PONG) {
			bsc_del_timer(&data->pong_timer);
		}
	} else if (hh->proto == IPAC_PROTO_SCCP) {
		sccp_system_incoming(msg);
	} else if (hh->proto == IPAC_PROTO_MGCP_OLD) {
		mgcp_forward(data, msg);
	}

	msgb_free(msg);
	return 0;
}

static void send_ping(struct osmo_msc_data *data)
{
	struct msgb *msg;

	msg = msgb_alloc_headroom(4096, 128, "ping");
	if (!msg) {
		LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to create PING.\n");
		return;
	}

	msg->l2h = msgb_put(msg, 1);
	msg->l2h[0] = IPAC_MSGT_PING;

	msc_queue_write(data->msc_con, msg, IPAC_PROTO_IPACCESS);
}

static void msc_ping_timeout_cb(void *_data)
{
	struct osmo_msc_data *data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) _data;
	if (data->ping_timeout < 0)
		return;

	send_ping(data);

	/* send another ping in 20 seconds */
	bsc_schedule_timer(&data->ping_timer, data->ping_timeout, 0);

	/* also start a pong timer */
	bsc_schedule_timer(&data->pong_timer, data->pong_timeout, 0);
}

static void msc_pong_timeout_cb(void *_data)
{
	struct osmo_msc_data *data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) _data;

	LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "MSC didn't answer PING. Closing connection.\n");
	bsc_msc_lost(data->msc_con);
}

static void msc_connection_connected(struct bsc_msc_connection *con)
{
	struct msc_signal_data sig;
	struct osmo_msc_data *data;
	int ret, on;
	on = 1;
	ret = setsockopt(con->write_queue.bfd.fd, IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, &on, sizeof(on));
	if (ret != 0)
                LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to set TCP_NODELAY: %s\n", strerror(errno));

	data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) con->write_queue.bfd.data;
	msc_ping_timeout_cb(data);

	sig.data = data;
	dispatch_signal(SS_MSC, S_MSC_CONNECTED, &sig);
}

/*
 * The connection to the MSC was lost and we will need to free all
 * resources and then attempt to reconnect.
 */
static void msc_connection_was_lost(struct bsc_msc_connection *msc)
{
	struct msc_signal_data sig;
	struct osmo_msc_data *data;

	LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Lost MSC connection. Freing stuff.\n");

	data = (struct osmo_msc_data *) msc->write_queue.bfd.data;
	bsc_del_timer(&data->ping_timer);
	bsc_del_timer(&data->pong_timer);

	sig.data = data;
	dispatch_signal(SS_MSC, S_MSC_LOST, &sig);

	msc->is_authenticated = 0;
	bsc_msc_schedule_connect(msc);
}

static void initialize_if_needed(struct bsc_msc_connection *conn)
{
	struct msgb *msg;

	if (!conn->is_authenticated) {
		/* send a gsm 08.08 reset message from here */
		msg = gsm0808_create_reset();
		if (!msg) {
			LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to create the reset message.\n");
			return;
		}

		sccp_write(msg, &sccp_ssn_bssap, &sccp_ssn_bssap, 0);
		msgb_free(msg);
		conn->is_authenticated = 1;
	}
}

static void send_id_get_response(struct osmo_msc_data *data, int fd)
{
	struct msgb *msg;

	msg = bsc_msc_id_get_resp(data->bsc_token);
	if (!msg)
		return;
	msc_queue_write(data->msc_con, msg, IPAC_PROTO_IPACCESS);
}

int osmo_bsc_msc_init(struct gsm_network *network)
{
	struct osmo_msc_data *data = network->msc_data;

	if (mgcp_create_port(data) != 0)
		return -1;

	data->msc_con = bsc_msc_create(data->msc_ip,
				       data->msc_port,
				       data->msc_ip_dscp);
	if (!data->msc_con) {
		LOGP(DMSC, LOGL_ERROR, "Creating the MSC network connection failed.\n");
		return -1;
	}

	data->ping_timer.cb = msc_ping_timeout_cb;
	data->ping_timer.data = data;
	data->pong_timer.cb = msc_pong_timeout_cb;
	data->pong_timer.data = data;

	data->msc_con->write_queue.bfd.data = data;
	data->msc_con->connection_loss = msc_connection_was_lost;
	data->msc_con->connected = msc_connection_connected;
	data->msc_con->write_queue.read_cb = ipaccess_a_fd_cb;
	data->msc_con->write_queue.write_cb = msc_alink_do_write;
	bsc_msc_connect(data->msc_con);

	return 0;
}