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/* GPRS SGSN functionality */

/* (C) 2009 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
 *
 * All Rights Reserved
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 */

#include <stdint.h>

#include <osmocom/core/linuxlist.h>
#include <osmocom/core/talloc.h>
#include <osmocom/core/timer.h>
#include <osmocom/core/rate_ctr.h>
#include <osmocom/core/backtrace.h>
#include <osmocom/gprs/gprs_ns.h>
#include <osmocom/gprs/gprs_bssgp.h>

#include <openbsc/gsm_subscriber.h>
#include <openbsc/debug.h>
#include <openbsc/gprs_sgsn.h>
#include <openbsc/sgsn.h>
#include <openbsc/gsm_04_08_gprs.h>
#include <openbsc/gprs_gmm.h>
#include "openbsc/gprs_llc.h"

extern struct sgsn_instance *sgsn;

LLIST_HEAD(sgsn_mm_ctxts);
LLIST_HEAD(sgsn_ggsn_ctxts);
LLIST_HEAD(sgsn_apn_ctxts);
LLIST_HEAD(sgsn_pdp_ctxts);

static const struct rate_ctr_desc mmctx_ctr_description[] = {
	{ "sign.packets.in",	"Signalling Messages ( In)" },
	{ "sign.packets.out",	"Signalling Messages (Out)" },
	{ "udata.packets.in",	"User Data  Messages ( In)" },
	{ "udata.packets.out",	"User Data  Messages (Out)" },
	{ "udata.bytes.in",	"User Data  Bytes    ( In)" },
	{ "udata.bytes.out",	"User Data  Bytes    (Out)" },
	{ "pdp_ctx_act",	"PDP Context Activations  " },
	{ "suspend",		"SUSPEND Count            " },
	{ "paging.ps",		"Paging Packet Switched   " },
	{ "paging.cs",		"Paging Circuit Switched  " },
	{ "ra_update",		"Routing Area Update      " },
};

static const struct rate_ctr_group_desc mmctx_ctrg_desc = {
	.group_name_prefix = "sgsn.mmctx",
	.group_description = "SGSN MM Context Statistics",
	.num_ctr = ARRAY_SIZE(mmctx_ctr_description),
	.ctr_desc = mmctx_ctr_description,
};

static const struct rate_ctr_desc pdpctx_ctr_description[] = {
	{ "udata.packets.in",	"User Data  Messages ( In)" },
	{ "udata.packets.out",	"User Data  Messages (Out)" },
	{ "udata.bytes.in",	"User Data  Bytes    ( In)" },
	{ "udata.bytes.out",	"User Data  Bytes    (Out)" },
};

static const struct rate_ctr_group_desc pdpctx_ctrg_desc = {
	.group_name_prefix = "sgsn.pdpctx",
	.group_description = "SGSN PDP Context Statistics",
	.num_ctr = ARRAY_SIZE(pdpctx_ctr_description),
	.ctr_desc = pdpctx_ctr_description,
};

static int ra_id_equals(const struct gprs_ra_id *id1,
			const struct gprs_ra_id *id2)
{
	return (id1->mcc == id2->mcc && id1->mnc == id2->mnc &&
		id1->lac == id2->lac && id1->rac == id2->rac);
}

/* See 03.02 Chapter 2.6 */
static inline uint32_t tlli_foreign(uint32_t tlli)
{
	return ((tlli | 0x80000000) & ~0x40000000);	
}

/* look-up a SGSN MM context based on TLLI + RAI */
struct sgsn_mm_ctx *sgsn_mm_ctx_by_tlli(uint32_t tlli,
					const struct gprs_ra_id *raid)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *ctx;
	int tlli_type;

	llist_for_each_entry(ctx, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
		if (tlli == ctx->tlli &&
		    ra_id_equals(raid, &ctx->ra))
			return ctx;
	}

	tlli_type = gprs_tlli_type(tlli);
	switch (tlli_type) {
	case TLLI_LOCAL:
		llist_for_each_entry(ctx, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
			if ((ctx->p_tmsi | 0xC0000000) == tlli ||
			     (ctx->p_tmsi_old && (ctx->p_tmsi_old | 0xC0000000) == tlli)) {
				ctx->tlli = tlli;
				return ctx;
			}
		}
		break;
	case TLLI_FOREIGN:
		llist_for_each_entry(ctx, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
			if (tlli == tlli_foreign(ctx->tlli) &&
			    ra_id_equals(raid, &ctx->ra))
				return ctx;
		}
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	return NULL;
}

struct sgsn_mm_ctx *sgsn_mm_ctx_by_ptmsi(uint32_t p_tmsi)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *ctx;

	llist_for_each_entry(ctx, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
		if (p_tmsi == ctx->p_tmsi ||
		    (ctx->p_tmsi_old && ctx->p_tmsi_old == p_tmsi))
			return ctx;
	}
	return NULL;
}

struct sgsn_mm_ctx *sgsn_mm_ctx_by_imsi(const char *imsi)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *ctx;

	llist_for_each_entry(ctx, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
		if (!strcmp(imsi, ctx->imsi))
			return ctx;
	}
	return NULL;

}

/* Allocate a new SGSN MM context */
struct sgsn_mm_ctx *sgsn_mm_ctx_alloc(uint32_t tlli,
					const struct gprs_ra_id *raid)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *ctx;

	ctx = talloc_zero(tall_bsc_ctx, struct sgsn_mm_ctx);
	if (!ctx)
		return NULL;

	memcpy(&ctx->ra, raid, sizeof(ctx->ra));
	ctx->tlli = tlli;
	ctx->mm_state = GMM_DEREGISTERED;
	ctx->auth_triplet.key_seq = GSM_KEY_SEQ_INVAL;
	ctx->ctrg = rate_ctr_group_alloc(ctx, &mmctx_ctrg_desc, tlli);
	INIT_LLIST_HEAD(&ctx->pdp_list);

	llist_add(&ctx->list, &sgsn_mm_ctxts);

	return ctx;
}

/* this is a hard _free_ function, it doesn't clean up the PDP contexts
 * in libgtp! */
void sgsn_mm_ctx_free(struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm)
{
	struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp, *pdp2;

	if (osmo_timer_pending(&mm->timer)) {
		LOGMMCTXP(LOGL_INFO, mm, "Cancelling MM timer %u\n", mm->T);
		osmo_timer_del(&mm->timer);
	}

	/* Detach from subscriber which is possibly freed then */
	if (mm->subscr) {
		struct gsm_subscriber *subscr =  mm->subscr;
		mm->subscr = NULL;
		subscr->sgsn_data->mm = NULL;
		gprs_subscr_delete(subscr);
	}

	/* Unlink from global list of MM contexts */
	llist_del(&mm->list);

	/* Free all PDP contexts */
	llist_for_each_entry_safe(pdp, pdp2, &mm->pdp_list, list)
		sgsn_pdp_ctx_free(pdp);
	
	rate_ctr_group_free(mm->ctrg);

	talloc_free(mm);
}

/* look up PDP context by MM context and NSAPI */
struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *sgsn_pdp_ctx_by_nsapi(const struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm,
					   uint8_t nsapi)
{
	struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp;

	llist_for_each_entry(pdp, &mm->pdp_list, list) {
		if (pdp->nsapi == nsapi)
			return pdp;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/* look up PDP context by MM context and transaction ID */
struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *sgsn_pdp_ctx_by_tid(const struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm,
					 uint8_t tid)
{
	struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp;

	llist_for_each_entry(pdp, &mm->pdp_list, list) {
		if (pdp->ti == tid)
			return pdp;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/* you don't want to use this directly, call sgsn_create_pdp_ctx() */
struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *sgsn_pdp_ctx_alloc(struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm,
					uint8_t nsapi)
{
	struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp;

	pdp = sgsn_pdp_ctx_by_nsapi(mm, nsapi);
	if (pdp)
		return NULL;

	pdp = talloc_zero(tall_bsc_ctx, struct sgsn_pdp_ctx);
	if (!pdp)
		return NULL;

	pdp->mm = mm;
	pdp->nsapi = nsapi;
	pdp->ctrg = rate_ctr_group_alloc(pdp, &pdpctx_ctrg_desc, nsapi);
	llist_add(&pdp->list, &mm->pdp_list);
	llist_add(&pdp->g_list, &sgsn_pdp_ctxts);

	return pdp;
}

#include <pdp.h>
/*
 * This function will not trigger any GSM DEACT PDP ACK messages, so you
 * probably want to call sgsn_delete_pdp_ctx() instead if the connection
 * isn't detached already.
 */
void sgsn_pdp_ctx_terminate(struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp)
{
	OSMO_ASSERT(pdp->mm != NULL);

	/* There might still be pending callbacks in libgtp. So the parts of
	 * this object relevant to GTP need to remain intact in this case. */

	LOGPDPCTXP(LOGL_INFO, pdp, "Forcing release of PDP context\n");

	/* Force the deactivation of the SNDCP layer */
	sndcp_sm_deactivate_ind(&pdp->mm->llme->lle[pdp->sapi], pdp->nsapi);

	/* Detach from MM context */
	llist_del(&pdp->list);
	pdp->mm = NULL;

	sgsn_delete_pdp_ctx(pdp);
}

/*
 * Don't call this function directly unless you know what you are doing.
 * In normal conditions use sgsn_delete_pdp_ctx and in unspecified or
 * implementation dependent abnormal ones sgsn_pdp_ctx_terminate.
 */
void sgsn_pdp_ctx_free(struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp)
{
	rate_ctr_group_free(pdp->ctrg);
	if (pdp->mm)
		llist_del(&pdp->list);
	llist_del(&pdp->g_list);

	/* _if_ we still have a library handle, at least set it to NULL
	 * to avoid any dereferences of the now-deleted PDP context from
	 * sgsn_libgtp:cb_data_ind() */
	if (pdp->lib) {
		struct pdp_t *lib = pdp->lib;
		LOGPDPCTXP(LOGL_NOTICE, pdp, "freeing PDP context that still "
		     "has a libgtp handle attached to it, this shouldn't "
		     "happen!\n");
		osmo_generate_backtrace();
		lib->priv = NULL;
	}

	talloc_free(pdp);
}

/* GGSN contexts */

struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *sgsn_ggsn_ctx_alloc(uint32_t id)
{
	struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *ggc;

	ggc = talloc_zero(tall_bsc_ctx, struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx);
	if (!ggc)
		return NULL;

	ggc->id = id;
	ggc->gtp_version = 1;
	ggc->remote_restart_ctr = -1;
	/* if we are called from config file parse, this gsn doesn't exist yet */
	ggc->gsn = sgsn->gsn;
	llist_add(&ggc->list, &sgsn_ggsn_ctxts);

	return ggc;
}

struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *sgsn_ggsn_ctx_by_id(uint32_t id)
{
	struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *ggc;

	llist_for_each_entry(ggc, &sgsn_ggsn_ctxts, list) {
		if (id == ggc->id)
			return ggc;
	}
	return NULL;
}

struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *sgsn_ggsn_ctx_by_addr(struct in_addr *addr)
{
	struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *ggc;

	llist_for_each_entry(ggc, &sgsn_ggsn_ctxts, list) {
		if (!memcmp(addr, &ggc->remote_addr, sizeof(*addr)))
			return ggc;
	}
	return NULL;
}


struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *sgsn_ggsn_ctx_find_alloc(uint32_t id)
{
	struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *ggc;

	ggc = sgsn_ggsn_ctx_by_id(id);
	if (!ggc)
		ggc = sgsn_ggsn_ctx_alloc(id);
	return ggc;
}

/* APN contexts */

#if 0
struct apn_ctx *apn_ctx_alloc(const char *ap_name)
{
	struct apn_ctx *actx;

	actx = talloc_zero(talloc_bsc_ctx, struct apn_ctx);
	if (!actx)
		return NULL;
	actx->name = talloc_strdup(actx, ap_name);

	return actx;
}

struct apn_ctx *apn_ctx_by_name(const char *name)
{
	struct apn_ctx *actx;

	llist_for_each_entry(actx, &sgsn_apn_ctxts, list) {
		if (!strcmp(name, actx->name))
			return actx;
	}
	return NULL;
}

struct apn_ctx *apn_ctx_find_alloc(const char *name)
{
	struct apn_ctx *actx;

	actx = apn_ctx_by_name(name);
	if (!actx)
		actx = apn_ctx_alloc(name);

	return actx;
}
#endif

uint32_t sgsn_alloc_ptmsi(void)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm;
	uint32_t ptmsi;
	int max_retries = 23;

restart:
	ptmsi = rand() | 0xC0000000;
	llist_for_each_entry(mm, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
		if (mm->p_tmsi == ptmsi) {
			if (!max_retries--)
				goto failed;
			goto restart;
		}
	}

	return ptmsi;

failed:
	LOGP(DGPRS, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to allocate a P-TMSI\n");
	return GSM_RESERVED_TMSI;
}

static void drop_one_pdp(struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp)
{
	if (pdp->mm->mm_state == GMM_REGISTERED_NORMAL)
		gsm48_tx_gsm_deact_pdp_req(pdp, GSM_CAUSE_NET_FAIL);
	else  {
		/* FIXME: GPRS paging in case MS is SUSPENDED */
		LOGPDPCTXP(LOGL_NOTICE, pdp, "Hard-dropping PDP ctx due to GGSN "
			"recovery\n");
		/* FIXME: how to tell this to libgtp? */
		sgsn_pdp_ctx_free(pdp);
	}
}

/* High-level function to be called in case a GGSN has disappeared or
 * otherwise lost state (recovery procedure) */
int drop_all_pdp_for_ggsn(struct sgsn_ggsn_ctx *ggsn)
{
	struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mm;
	int num = 0;

	llist_for_each_entry(mm, &sgsn_mm_ctxts, list) {
		struct sgsn_pdp_ctx *pdp;
		llist_for_each_entry(pdp, &mm->pdp_list, list) {
			if (pdp->ggsn == ggsn) {
				drop_one_pdp(pdp);
				num++;
			}
		}
	}

	return num;
}

int sgsn_force_reattach_oldmsg(struct msgb *oldmsg)
{
	return gsm0408_gprs_force_reattach_oldmsg(oldmsg);
}

void sgsn_update_subscriber_data(struct sgsn_mm_ctx *mmctx,
				 struct gsm_subscriber *subscr)
{
	if (!mmctx && subscr && strlen(subscr->imsi) > 0) {
		mmctx = sgsn_mm_ctx_by_imsi(subscr->imsi);
		OSMO_ASSERT(!mmctx || !mmctx->subscr || mmctx->subscr == subscr);
	}

	if (!mmctx) {
		LOGP(DMM, LOGL_INFO,
		     "Subscriber data update for unregistered MM context, IMSI %s\n",
		     subscr->imsi);
		return;
	}

	LOGMMCTXP(LOGL_INFO, mmctx, "Subscriber data update\n");

	if (!subscr->sgsn_data->mm && !mmctx->subscr) {
		mmctx->subscr =	subscr_get(subscr);
		mmctx->subscr->sgsn_data->mm = mmctx;
	}

	sgsn_auth_update(mmctx);
}